HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Smoking during pregnancy found to increase risk of cleft lip and palate

ANN ARBOR, Mich. - Women who smoke while pregnant are 50 percent to 70 percent more likely than nonsmokers to give birth to a baby with a cleft lip or palate, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Michigan Health System.

The risk of the disfiguring facial birth defect rises with the number of cigarettes that a mother-to-be smokes each day, even after factors like the mother's race, age and educational level are considered. The finding, based on the largest-ever examination of cleft lip and palate incidence nationwide, suggests that the deformity should be added to the list of potential harmful effects from smoking during pregnancy. It also suggests a possible cause for the mysterious defect.

The results were recently published in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

"Not only can smoking cause prematurity and low birth weight, we now believe it can cause this devastating problem as well," says co-author Kevin Chung, M.D., M.S., a U-M plastic and reconstructive surgeon. "More than 13 percent of the 3.9 million women in this study said they smoked, which is troubling by itself, but this new evidence makes it even more so."

Adds co-author Steven Buchman, M.D., director of the Health System's Craniofacial Anomalies Program, "There are all sorts of reasons not to smoke anyway and this just adds another very important one in the prenatal and newborn care of the child. Cleft lip and palate make a huge difference in a child's life, and anything that can be done to reduce the risk is well worth it."

Cleft lip and palate are fairly serious birth defects. They are the fourth most common congenital abnormalities, affecting about one in 700 newborns. As their names suggest, the deformities are marked by obvious gaps in either the lips and nose or the roof of the mouth, due to incomplete fusing. Besides affecting a child's appearance, cleft lip and palate hinder the ability to breathe, eat,
'"/>

Contact: Kara Gavin
UMHSmedia@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
27-Mar-2000


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Smoking pot alters more than mood human immune system affected, USF/UCLA study finds
2. Smoking decreases mens chances of fatherhood by IVF and ICSI
3. Smoking, heavy drinking and poor nutrition tend to cluster
4. Smoking especially dangerous for individuals with gene that causes coronary artery spasm
5. Study Indicates Adolescent Smokers Are More Susceptible To Long-Term DNA Damage From Smoking Than Adults Smokers
6. Researchers Find Genetic Connection To Cigarette Smoking
7. Three-Way Gene-Gene-Environmental Exposure Interaction Shown By NIEHS To Escalate Smoking-Related Bladder Cancer
8. Genetic Defect Protects Against Smoking
9. Smokings Effects On Pregnancy Not Mitigated By Prenatal Vitamins, UB Study Finds
10. Diet, Antioxidant Status, And Smoking Habits In French Men
11. Smoking Mice Lead To Emphysema Breakthrough

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Smoking during pregnancy found increase risk cleft lip and palate

(Date:10/18/2014)... stress and stress-related psychiatric disorders are associated ... the molecular mechanisms underlying this relation are ... the development of targeted preventive strategies and ... diseases. This work is presented at the ... Now an international group of researchers from ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... In a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic ... associated with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional ... JAMA . The study is being released to ... meeting. , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region ... genetic material present in a cell or organism), has ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... available in German . ... every day in order to reproduce? And why are there ... of the latest issue of the research journal Molecular ... biologist Steven Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this ... unusual for a female to copulate with several males in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Researchers find why depression and aging linked to increased disease risk 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Sperm wars 2
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems report defines and ... of revenue. The Orthopedic braces and support systems market in ... 2018, at a developing CAGR of 4.4% from 2013 to ... braces and support systems market, to get an idea of ... the segmentation of orthopedic braces and support systems market in ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The report "1,6-Hexanediol Market by Application ... 2019", analyzes the global market on the basis ... industry details such as the key drivers, current ... , Browse 81 Market Data Tables and 29 ... on “1,6-Hexanediol Market by Application and by Geography ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 18, 2014 The ... rate in the five years to 2014. The industry's ... renewable energy tax credits that encouraged the use of ... renewable portfolio standards (RPSs), which require local utilities to ... their total energy portfolio. Increased campaigning for green technology ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... Alice,s journey through the looking-glass to Wonderland, mirrors in ... unexpected ways, including a new class of mirror that ... in The Optical Society,s (OSA) new high-impact journal ... first time, a new type of mirror that forgoes ... light by using an unusual magnetic property of a ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 21,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 31,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 5Biomass Power in the US Industry Market Research Report from IBISWorld Has Been Updated 2Biomass Power in the US Industry Market Research Report from IBISWorld Has Been Updated 3Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways 2Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways 3Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways 4
Cached News: