HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Spun from bone

RICHLAND, Wash. Bone and enamel start with the same calcium-phosphate crystal building material but end up quite different in structure and physical properties.

The difference in bone and enamel microstructure is attributed to a key protein in enamel that molds crystals into strands thousands of times longer and much stronger than those in bone. The dimension of an enamel strand is 100,000 by 50 by 25 nanometers; bone is 35 by 25 by 4 nanometers.

But how that protein achieves this feat of crystal-strand shape-shifting has remained elusive. Today, scientists have reported the first direct observation of how this protein, amelogenin, interacts with crystals like those in bone to form the hard, protective enamel of teeth.

The study, published by a team from the Department of Energys Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Southern California on Friday (Sept. 24) in Journal of Biological Chemistry, identifies the region of the protein that interacts with the enamel crystals. The results explain how 100 nanometer spheres of amelogenin cluster like bowling balls around developing enamel crystals, forcing the crystals to elongate into thin, weaved strands that endow enamel with the strength of steel.

The discovery is a milestone for those who would wish to nano-engineer tissues, implants and synthetic coatings based on natures rules.

The proteins determine the crystal structure, said Wendy J. Shaw, lead author and PNNL staff scientist. Like bone, teeth are made of HAP, but the proteins present when teeth form create enamel, a material with entirely different properties from bone. If you can control the interactions between proteins and crystals, the same principal can be applied to nano-patterning and nano-building.

Shaws co-authors are PNNL chief scientist Allison A. Campbell and Michael L. Paine and Malcolm L. Snead of USCs Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology in Los Angeles.

Earlier stud
'"/>

Contact: Bill Cannon
cannon@pnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
24-Sep-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Rutgers anthropologist, Fossey Fund official, announces plan to save Rwandas mountain gorillas
2. UMass anthropologist investigates dental development and body size in primates
3. Gladstone investigator Mike McCune wins prestigious NIH Directors Pioneer Award
4. UT Southwestern biochemist honored with NIH Directors Pioneer Award
5. Award winning researchers reveal potential new role for Glivec
6. Secretary of Energy announces seven E.O. Lawrence Award Winners
7. Martin Saunders to receive the James Flack Norris Award
8. Berkeley Lab soil scientist Margaret Torn receives Presidential Early Career Award
9. NJIT professor receives Presidential Award for breakthrough research with adult stem cells
10. Second call for proposals for the European Young Investigator Award
11. Virginia Tech professor honored with DeLaval Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Spun from bone

(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 9, 2015 Valid S.A. ("Company") (BM&FBOVESPA: VLID3 ... in general the State of Washington,s ... a new enrollment and central issuance system for driver,s licenses ... The project planning and development will start in January ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 13, 2015 Technology Showcase, Hall E -   EyeLock ... today announced it will showcase its EyeLock ID technology integrated ... Department of Energy,s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) ... EyeLock,s iris identity authentication technology is being used to validate ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) a ... the recent success of the Wocket™ smart wallet at CES 2015 in ... was named as one of the "11 Hot Products at CES" in ... At CES So Far" by Newseveryday.com and "The top 10 gadgets from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valid USA Signs Contract For Washington Driver's License Issuance 2EyeLock Debuts First Iris Authentication Technology Embedded in 3D Printed Automobile 2EyeLock Debuts First Iris Authentication Technology Embedded in 3D Printed Automobile 3CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 2CES Response for NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Kicks Off 2015 3
(Date:1/22/2015)... GEA Niro Soavi the leader in high pressure ... 2000, which is ideal for new applications for processing ... . This compact laboratory homogenizer is the perfect solution ... additives and ingredients as well as for the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Protocol Networks brings independent ... team of brand-neutral, independent consultants, Protocol Networks has recently ... that over the years, his company has attracted several ... of Plainfield, as well as others. With the success ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Dr. Greg Leyer of UAS Labs recently ... Supplements Pre-Conference seminar on probiotics in San Diego, CA. ... education conference for health care professionals. This year’s pre-conference seminar ... probiotics in health. Dr. Leyer spoke about the emerging topics ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... NEW BRUNSWICK , Nueva Jersey , 22 ... Award for Biomedical Research abre hoy su llamada ... las personas cuya investigación científica ha hecho, o tiene ... de la salud humana. Las nominaciones se aceptarán hasta ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GEA Niro Soavi Announces the PandaPLUS 2000 Homogenizer for Processing New Applications for Nanoemulsions and Cell Disruption 2Protocol Networks Brings Independent Technology Consulting to the Constitution State 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 2El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 3El Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research emite su llamada a los nominados para 2015 4
Cached News: