HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Spun from bone

RICHLAND, Wash. Bone and enamel start with the same calcium-phosphate crystal building material but end up quite different in structure and physical properties.

The difference in bone and enamel microstructure is attributed to a key protein in enamel that molds crystals into strands thousands of times longer and much stronger than those in bone. The dimension of an enamel strand is 100,000 by 50 by 25 nanometers; bone is 35 by 25 by 4 nanometers.

But how that protein achieves this feat of crystal-strand shape-shifting has remained elusive. Today, scientists have reported the first direct observation of how this protein, amelogenin, interacts with crystals like those in bone to form the hard, protective enamel of teeth.

The study, published by a team from the Department of Energys Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Southern California on Friday (Sept. 24) in Journal of Biological Chemistry, identifies the region of the protein that interacts with the enamel crystals. The results explain how 100 nanometer spheres of amelogenin cluster like bowling balls around developing enamel crystals, forcing the crystals to elongate into thin, weaved strands that endow enamel with the strength of steel.

The discovery is a milestone for those who would wish to nano-engineer tissues, implants and synthetic coatings based on natures rules.

The proteins determine the crystal structure, said Wendy J. Shaw, lead author and PNNL staff scientist. Like bone, teeth are made of HAP, but the proteins present when teeth form create enamel, a material with entirely different properties from bone. If you can control the interactions between proteins and crystals, the same principal can be applied to nano-patterning and nano-building.

Shaws co-authors are PNNL chief scientist Allison A. Campbell and Michael L. Paine and Malcolm L. Snead of USCs Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology in Los Angeles.

Earlier stud
'"/>

Contact: Bill Cannon
cannon@pnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
24-Sep-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Rutgers anthropologist, Fossey Fund official, announces plan to save Rwandas mountain gorillas
2. UMass anthropologist investigates dental development and body size in primates
3. Gladstone investigator Mike McCune wins prestigious NIH Directors Pioneer Award
4. UT Southwestern biochemist honored with NIH Directors Pioneer Award
5. Award winning researchers reveal potential new role for Glivec
6. Secretary of Energy announces seven E.O. Lawrence Award Winners
7. Martin Saunders to receive the James Flack Norris Award
8. Berkeley Lab soil scientist Margaret Torn receives Presidential Early Career Award
9. NJIT professor receives Presidential Award for breakthrough research with adult stem cells
10. Second call for proposals for the European Young Investigator Award
11. Virginia Tech professor honored with DeLaval Award

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Spun from bone

(Date:10/16/2014)... 16, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce ... including Wocket™, the Smart Wallet, at the 13 th ... a leading global conference on the intersection of technology ... Mark Anderson , founder and publisher of the Strategic ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... The book ,Models of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics ... itself. The book is a journey of discovery into ... of life and biological regulation. It is about how ... strategic communication between the billions of cells in an ... the relationships between principles, which can be found on ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Researchers have linked increased resistance to bacterial pneumonia in ... sex hormone estrogen. , Females are naturally more resistant ... of scientists has shown that increased resistance to bacterial ... nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3). They also show that ... the female sex hormone estrogen. , The team, lead ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 2NXT-ID Inc. to Present at 13th Annual FiRe Conference 3New book about life as seen from physics 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... Ras Al Khaimah, UAE (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... in game-changing life science and healthcare projects, announces the ... MBBS MRCGP DRCOG DCH to its advisory team. Dr. ... research advisory team. , A graduate of ... Dr. Siddiqui was subsequently degreed in medicine in 2001. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Oct. 22, 2014   Synthetic Biologics, Inc. ... therapies for serious infections and diseases, announced today that ... Notice of Allowance for a composition of matter patent ... difficile program, SYN-004. This is Synthetic Biologics, first ... U.S. and adds to the Company,s extensive C. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Research and Markets  has announced the addition ... Application, Geography - Global Analysis and Forecast (2014 - ... Organic electronics, also called as polymer electronics or plastic ... with small conductive molecules and electrically conductive polymers. It ... are carbon based, made using synthetic strategies developed in ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014 Mapp ... experimental ZMapp™ antibody therapeutic to fight the Ebola ... difficult and time-consuming the production of pharmaceuticals can ... research publisher said that while some may be ... this compound, those with industry knowledge are well ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dr. Yousef Siddiqui joins the Grace Century Advisory Team 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 4Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 2Kalorama: ZMapp Highlights Need For Faster Biopharmaceutical Production 3
Cached News: