HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Stanford explores new avenue for brain injury, paralysis research

STANFORD, Calif. - The central nervous system, made up of the brain and spinal cord, never forgets a slight. Somehow, nerve cells lose the ability to regenerate: witness actor Christopher Reeve's paralysis after his horse threw him at a jump. To find a cure for such injuries, scientists must understand why nerve cells lose the ability to grow back. They know that these cells - called neurons - stop regenerating because a signal tells them to slow down during development. The problem is, scientists haven't known much about that signal.

Now, a team of Stanford University Medical Center researchers have identified the mechanism and some key cells involved in controlling regeneration. It turns out that the signal to slow down doesn't come from the neurons themselves, but from an outside source. The signal's effects appear to be permanent. The findings, published in the June 7 issue of Science, outline what may be a new avenue to explore in the search for brain-damage and paralysis treatments, the researchers say.

Messages move through the average neuron like tributaries flowing into a river. The tributaries are called dendrites, and they flow into the axon, the river itself, which in turn can share messages with dendrites further downstream.

When Reeve fell from his horse, neurons that weren't killed outright may have had their axons chopped in half, disconnecting them from the network. "This is the core problem in neural degenerative diseases, especially things like spinal cord injury. Axons that get cut don't grow past the site of the injury back to normal connections in the brain," said Jeffrey Goldberg, lead author of the paper and senior graduate student in the lab of Ben A. Barres, MD, PhD, associate professor of neurobiology and developmental biology. "When a person is paralyzed, that's permanent," he said.

Left to their own devices, neurons in the central nervous system grow back so slowly that they o
'"/>

Contact: Amy Adams
amyadams@stanford.edu
650-723-3900
Stanford University Medical Center
6-Jun-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Tiny molecules have big potential as cancer drugs, Stanford researcher believes
2. Stanford researchers findings may shed light on common, deadly birth defect
3. Leukemia stem cells identified by Stanford researchers
4. New view of leukemia cells identifies best treatment options, Stanford researchers say
5. Confidentiality of genetic databases questioned by Stanford researchers
6. Stanford researchers go from heaven to Earth in lifeguard test
7. Transplant rejection averted by simple light exposure in Stanford animal study
8. Fat cells heal skull defects in mice, Stanford research shows
9. Gene-based screen sorts cancer cases, say Stanford researchers
10. Elusive but ubiquitous microbe fingered as gum disease culprit in Stanford study
11. Sticklebacks reveal secrets to evolutionary change in Stanford study

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Stanford explores new avenue for brain injury paralysis research

(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Leading identity analyst firm Acuity Market Intelligence forecasts that ... will have a chip-based National eID card, including near-complete ... Asia , with its vast population, is ... 60% of all National eID cards issued between 2014 ... National eID Industry Report: 2014 Edition" — ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... Berlin, 19th October 2014 Psychological stress and stress-related ... for aging-related diseases, but the molecular mechanisms ... mechanisms may contribute to the development of ... treatments for these devastating diseases. This work ... Neuropsychopharmacology congress in Berlin., Now an international ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... – Accurate knowledge regarding Ebola is critical and pertinent ... of hazardous global outbreak and epidemic. The Journal, ... a special issue, Ebola Virus and Public Health, to ... knowledge in this critical societal moment. , On ... Ebola for Clinicians . The primer was prepared by ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Half the World's Population Will Have Chip-Based National Electronic Identity (eID) Cards by 2018 2Researchers find why depression and aging linked to increased disease risk 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQCM: ORMP) ... the development of oral drug delivery systems, announced today ... present at FireRock Capital,s Micro-Cap Conference. ... Tuesday, October 28, 2014 ,Time: 9:15am EST ,Location: The ... , About The FireRock Conference  ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... , Oct 24, 2014 Research ... "Epigenetics Market by Product , Research Area & ... report to their offering. In this ... basis of products, research areas, and end users. The ... report are enzymes, instruments & consumables, kits, and reagents. ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... BOSTON , Oct. 22, 2014  Actavis plc ... pharmaceutical company, and Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company, today announced ... acquire Rhythm,s wholly owned subsidiary, Rhythm Health, Inc., which ... the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis and other GI functional ... Phase 2 trial of relamorelin for the treatment of ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Massachusetts (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... announced the release of a new infographic, Understanding ... to create a beautifully designed, easy to follow informative ... transmission, areas of outbreak, symptoms and prevention. , "As ... discovered that the 2014 Ebola outbreak represents not only ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Oramed to Present at the FireRock Annual Micro-Cap Conference 2Oramed to Present at the FireRock Annual Micro-Cap Conference 3Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 2Global Epigenetics (VLA, WBA, NBA, RTA, Rotary-Wing Aircraft) Market - Forecast to 2019 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 2Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 4Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 5Involution Studios' Ebola Infographic Provides Key Disease Information and Statistics at a Glance 2
Cached News: