HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Structure of cog at the hub of metabolism reveals anti-ageing function

The structure of a key energy-releasing enzyme found in all animals is designed to minimise free radical production, an international team of researchers report in the journal Science today.

In a startling feat of structural biology, the team visualised the entire molecular structure of succinate dehydrogenase in the bacterium E. coli, allowing them to see for the first time how the protein's three-dimensional shape helps prevent the formation of large quantities of these destructive oxygen atoms.

Formed as a by-product during cellular respiration, free radical can cause havoc in cells by reacting with DNA or the cell membrane, knocking out or impairing their function, a process linked to cellular ageing.

Professor Paul Fremont, Director of Imperial's Centre for Structural Biology, said: "Professor Iwata's group have performed an extraordinary feat in obtaining the first three-dimensional insights of succinate dehydrogenase.

"This fundamentally important and highly complex metabolic enzyme protects the bacterium from self inflicted damage and lies at the heart of the cell's energy powerhouse. It acts like a built in anti-pollution system, and has significant implications for understanding human ageing."

Professor So Iwata of Imperial College London, senior author of the paper added: "Solving the structure of succinate dehydrogenase opens up new leads in the quest to understand longevity and ageing.

"It now appears that a wide variety of genetic disorders including muscle and neurodegenerative diseases, and tumour formation, are caused by defective forms of this enzyme - as a result of increased free radical formation."

"The challenge now is to try and engineer succinate dehydrogenase to maximise its efficiency. The E. coli bacterium provides a flexible model to advance this research because the enzyme is very similar to the human version."

Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food m
'"/>

Contact: Judith H. Moore
j.h.moore@imperial.ac.uk
44-207-594-6702
Imperial College London
30-Jan-2003


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Structure solved at Scripps shows how one human protein reduces potency of chemotherapy
2. Structure solved by Scripps scientists shows one way that body controls gene expression
3. Structure of a Nobel-prize winning molecule: Aquaporin
4. Structure of HIV-neutralizing antibody solved
5. Structure of key breast cancer receptor determined
6. Structure of pain-modulating enzyme described by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute
7. Structure reveals details of cells cargo-carriers
8. Structure of key receptor unlocked; Related proteins will fall like dominoes
9. New Science Press launches Proteins: From Sequence to Structure
10. Third piece completes deadly puzzle: Structure of anthrax toxin offers clues to treatment
11. Structure of key protein involved in cancer, osteoporosis and foot-and-mouth disease finally solved

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Structure cog the hub metabolism reveals anti ageing function

(Date:10/31/2014)... the war against Ebola one important hurdle has just ... at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ... mice that can be infected with Ebola and display ... published in the current issue of Science , ... vaccines, which are desperately needed to curb the worldwide ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... Adelaide-led project has developed a new test that can ... H5N1 strain of avian influenza virus or "bird flu" ... is a significant step in the fight against this ... in the poultry populations of South East Asia, particularly ... of its possible transmission to humans and the threat ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... 2014  HITLAB SM , a healthcare innovation ... inaugural HITLAB Innovators Summit SM on December ... will partner with the Clinton Foundation,s Health Matters ... Columbia Business School Alumni Club of ... and Operations Research, bringing together leaders in healthcare ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Improved mouse model will accelerate research on potential Ebola vaccines, treatments 2New step towards eradication of H5N1 bird flu 2HITLAB Announces Inaugural HITLAB Innovators Summit 2HITLAB Announces Inaugural HITLAB Innovators Summit 3
(Date:10/30/2014)... 30, 2014 Spartan Bioscience announced today ... CYP2C19 System . It detects CYP2C19 genetic mutations in ... , The Spartan RX CYP2C19 System is the first ... approved in Canada. Due to the system’s ease of ... used by healthcare professionals such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists, ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... Avure Technologies celebrates a year of success and ... its fleet of high volume High Pressure Processing (HPP) systems. ... return to PackExpo this year, which is where we first ... Jeff Williams, CEO at Avure. “Sales of the new Avure ... meeting the challenges of market demand for higher throughput. We ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... 2014 Isis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ISIS ... will present a company overview at the Nomura Biotechnology Conference ... Boston, MA. A live ... & Media" section of the Company,s website, www.isispharm.com .  ... 48 hours and will be archived for a limited time. ...
(Date:10/30/2014)...  Regado Biosciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: RGDO ), ... and live audio webcast on Thursday, November 6, 2014, ... 2014 financial results. Interested participants and investors ... for domestic callers or (412) 902-4276 for international callers. ... investor relations section of the Regado website at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Health Canada approves first near-patient DNA test for personalized medicine 2Health Canada approves first near-patient DNA test for personalized medicine 3In High Demand: New High Pressure Processing (HPP) System with Maximum Throughput Drives Strong Sales 2In High Demand: New High Pressure Processing (HPP) System with Maximum Throughput Drives Strong Sales 3Isis Pharmaceuticals to Present at the Nomura Biotechnology Conference 2Regado Biosciences to Provide Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results 2
Cached News: