HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study illustrates diversification, speciation in biological "islands"

Lizard species on large Caribbean islands are more numerous than those on smaller islands because there is more evolution going on.

The bigger the island, the faster species proliferate and diversify.

Jonathan B. Losos, Ph.D., associate professor of biology in Arts and Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, proved this species-area relationship in a study of 143 species of Caribbean Anolis lizards on 147 islands. Focusing on the four largest islands, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, collectively known as the Greater Antilles, Losos showed that the diversity of lizard species is primarily a result of the evolutionary process of speciation, rather than the ecological processes of colonization and extinction.

Losos, and co-author Dolph Schluter, Ph.D., professor of biology at the University of British Columbia, published these results in the Dec. 14, 2000 issue of Nature. The study is an important and novel extension of a 33 year old theory on the genesis of biological diversity.

"When you focus on the larger islands, the rate of speciation is a function of island area," said Losos. "A large island equals more speciation events. At some level this is intuitive, but it has never been demonstrated before that differences in the rate of speciation, of evolution, can produce the species-area relationship."

Losos and Schluters results complement the well-known "Equilibrium Theory of Island Biogeography," proposed in 1967 by the late Robert MacArthur of Princeton University and E.O. Wilson of Harvard University. MacArthur and Wilsons ecological theory proposed that the number of species on any island reflects a balance between the rate at which new species colonize it and the rate at which populations of established species become extinct.

An "island" in this sense is not strictly an island in a stream or ocean, but any ecosystem, say a forest, surrounded by barriers. A major component of this theory i
'"/>

Contact: Tony Fitzpatrick
tony_fitzpatrick@aismail.wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis
13-Dec-2000


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study: Emission of smog ingredients from trees is increasing rapidly
2. Study explores gene transfer to modify underlying course of Alzheimers disease
3. Study reveals why eyes in some paintings seem to follow viewers
4. Study by Israeli scientists provides insight on DNA code
5. Study reveals first genetic step necessary for prostate cancer growth
6. Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
7. Study in Science reveals recreational fishing takes big bite of ocean catch
8. Study suggests cell-cycle triggers might be cancer drug targets
9. Study narrows search for genes placing men at increased risk for prostate cancer
10. Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk
11. Study explains spatial orientation differences between sexes

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/22/2014)... Medicine® scientists helps explain how bipolar disorder affects the ... therapies to treat the mental illness. , Scientists ... method recognized with the 2014 Nobel Prize in ... from mice with bipolar-like behaviors. In the synapses (where ... structures with concentrated levels of ANK3 -- the gene ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 20, 2014  Leading identity analyst firm ... half of the world,s population will have a chip-based ... Europe . Asia , ... market accounting for more than 60% of all National ... Acuity,s report  -- "The Global National eID ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... in India over the last 30 years contributed ... growth during that time, according to a new ... Change ., "Energy access is fundamental to development: ... including education, communication, and health," says IIASA researcher ... increased energy access is widely agreed to be ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Bipolar disorder discovery at the nano level 2Half the World's Population Will Have Chip-Based National Electronic Identity (eID) Cards by 2018 2Improved electricity access has little impact on climate change 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... , October 24, 2014 ... Corporation (NASDAQ: CYTR ), Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... ALXN ), Peregrine Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... research on these five companies can be accessed at: ... Thursday, October 23, 2014, ended on a positive note ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... BOSTON , Oct. 22, 2014  Actavis ... specialty pharmaceutical company, and Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company, today ... to acquire Rhythm,s wholly owned subsidiary, Rhythm Health, Inc., ... for the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis and other GI ... successful Phase 2 trial of relamorelin for the treatment ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... WriteResult, LLC – a premier provider of ... a team of researchers from Yale University’s School of ... to provide electronic questionnaire data collection through use of ... in May, aims to evaluate the impact of a ... and participation in urban agriculture to impact their consumption ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... ROCKVILLE, Md. , Oct. 22, 2014   ... company developing novel pathogen-specific therapies for serious infections and ... Office has issued a Notice of Allowance for a ... product in its C. difficile program, SYN-004. This ... to SYN-004 in the U.S. and adds to the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Biotech Stocks Technical Data - CytRx, Vertex Pharma, Alexion Pharma, Peregrine Pharma, and StemCells 2Biotech Stocks Technical Data - CytRx, Vertex Pharma, Alexion Pharma, Peregrine Pharma, and StemCells 3Biotech Stocks Technical Data - CytRx, Vertex Pharma, Alexion Pharma, Peregrine Pharma, and StemCells 4Biotech Stocks Technical Data - CytRx, Vertex Pharma, Alexion Pharma, Peregrine Pharma, and StemCells 5Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 2Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 4Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 5myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 2myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 2Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 3Synthetic Biologics Announces Allowance of Key U.S. Composition of Matter Patent for C. difficile Program 4
Cached News: