HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study provides new details of 'the birth of a virus'

e cell (see accompanying illustration). Thousands of newborn viruses now cling to the outside of the membrane, waiting for one final step to cut them loose and send them on their way to other cells.

Ten years ago, Gttlinger and his colleagues at Dana-Farber discovered that a strain of HIV that lacks the late domain was unable to break free of the membrane - remaining attached and posing no threat to the rest of the body. The new study fills in some of the gaps in scientists' understanding of how the late domain functions and how it serves as a passport through the cell's skin.

Small as the late domain is within Gag, the domain's essential core - the part that enables it to function - often consists of only a handful of molecules, primarily amino acids known as prolines. Researchers have found that all retroviruses, not just HIV, have late domains, as do a variety of other viruses.

"These findings suggest that many viruses use the same or similar mechanisms to cut themselves loose from the cell membrane," Gttlinger says. "The discovery of the proline-rich sections of the late domain enabled us to focus on precisely these areas in studying how the domain functions." The researchers hypothesized that the late domain serves as a target for cell proteins that help the virus break free from the cell membrane. Their research shows this to be precisely the case.

The possibility of interrupting the budding process marks the significance of this recently published research. Working independently, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Penn State's College of Medicine and The National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health, published complementary papers on the role of the cellular ubiquitination machinery in late steps of retrovirus budding.

The data show the functional connection between ubiquitin and Gag (Penn State), the recruitment of ubiquitin ligase, which encourages the
'"/>

Contact: Todd Ringler
todd_ringler@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-5357
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
20-Nov-2000


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Study: Emission of smog ingredients from trees is increasing rapidly
2. Study explores gene transfer to modify underlying course of Alzheimers disease
3. Study reveals why eyes in some paintings seem to follow viewers
4. Study by Israeli scientists provides insight on DNA code
5. Study reveals first genetic step necessary for prostate cancer growth
6. Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
7. Study in Science reveals recreational fishing takes big bite of ocean catch
8. Study suggests cell-cycle triggers might be cancer drug targets
9. Study narrows search for genes placing men at increased risk for prostate cancer
10. Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk
11. Study explains spatial orientation differences between sexes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Study provides new details the birth virus

(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014  Automation is fundamentally transforming the travel ... at international borders. Over the past decade, ePassports, ... veteran travelers to self process through border control ... at an increasing number of airports, seaports, and ... According to Maxine Most , Principal at ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... WINSTON SALEM, N.C. , Dec. 10, 2014  That ... known for quite a while. Hypertension – the medical term ... disease in the early 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s ... That doesn,t, however, mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, ... punctured some long-held beliefs about the condition and the best ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... N.C. , Dec. 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist ... education building for its School of Medicine. Funding for ... larger capital campaign that will be publicly launched next ... be located in the former 60 series R.J. Reynolds ... Innovation Quarter. Construction will begin immediately with plans to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
Cached News: