HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Study shows how consensus is attained in a noisy world

EVANSTON, Ill. -- A month before the fall of the Berlin Wall, 70,000 people gathered in the streets of Leipzig, East Germany, on Oct. 9, 1989, to demonstrate against the communist regime and demand democratic reforms. Clearly, no central authority planned this event; so how did all of these people decide to come together on that particular day?

A new study by researchers at Northwestern University sheds light on how individuals might obtain information about the decisions and preferences of other individuals with whom they do not have a relationship or even contact. The findings are published online this week (Aug. 2) by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

The Leipzig demonstration is an example of a complex system, the result of an evolving process. The common characteristic of complex systems, whether they be social or biological in nature, is that they display organization without any external organizing principle being applied.

"How did a consensus come about? Our computer model shows how social networks can substitute for central mechanisms in decision making," said Lus A. N. Amaral, associate professor of chemical and biological engineering and an author on the PNAS paper. "Surprisingly, information can be aggregated more efficiently if local information transmission is not perfectly reliable but is subject to error or random noise, due to lack of trust, indecision or unreliable information technologies."

For the citizens of Leipzig, the "noise" was the presence of the Stasi, the state secret police. "The need of individuals to avoid certain forms of communication, due to fear of the Stasi, might actually have contributed to the more efficient spread of information about a generalized dissatisfaction with the regime and the willingness to take a stand against it," said Amaral.

The Northwestern study also clarifies how social norms might quickly be adopted and remain ingrained within society a
'"/>

Contact: Megan Fellman
847-491-3115
Northwestern University
4-Aug-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study: Emission of smog ingredients from trees is increasing rapidly
2. Study explores gene transfer to modify underlying course of Alzheimers disease
3. Study reveals why eyes in some paintings seem to follow viewers
4. Study by Israeli scientists provides insight on DNA code
5. Study reveals first genetic step necessary for prostate cancer growth
6. Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
7. Study in Science reveals recreational fishing takes big bite of ocean catch
8. Study suggests cell-cycle triggers might be cancer drug targets
9. Study narrows search for genes placing men at increased risk for prostate cancer
10. Study links high carbohydrate diet to increased breast cancer risk
11. Study explains spatial orientation differences between sexes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Study shows how consensus attained noisy world

(Date:2/5/2015)... Jan. 27, 2015   Marvin Test ... deployed, innovative test solutions for military, aerospace, ... of its TS-323 GENASYS Test Platform ... (LMSSC). GENASYS is a high-performance PXI-based system ... applications that require performance functional testing. GENASYS ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... , Jan. 28, 2015 Research and Markets ... addition of the "Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): ... and Countries " report to their offering. ... Asia-Pacific is anticipated to overtake ... owing to increasing government spending towards IT security, ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4trb7t/biometrics_a ) ... Global Market Overview" report to their offering. , ... ensure that an individual is who she/he is claiming to ... of a person,s unique physical characteristics, such as fingerprint, hand ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 2Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 3Marvin Test Solutions' GENASYS Platform Advances Mission-Critical Aerospace Production Test 4Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 2Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 3Biometrics - A Global Market Overview 2Biometrics - A Global Market Overview 3
(Date:2/27/2015)... 2015 Immunovaccine Inc. (“Immunovaccine” or the ... fraudulent press release disseminated this morning by PR Web, ... This press release states that Immunovaccine has entered into ... press release did not originate from Immunovaccine and there ... press release. Please note that all official statements ...
(Date:2/27/2015)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p2ddnr/global_market ) has announced ... report to their offering. , Global ... data on Trypsin globally and regionally ( Europe ... , Latin America etc.). It ... This report focuses on three primary areas; manufacture methods ...
(Date:2/27/2015)... -- Pfenex Inc. (NYSE MKT: PFNX), a clinical-stage biotechnology company ... that it will be presenting at CALBIO 2015 at ... at 3pm PST. Patrick Lucy, chief business officer of ... state of the biosimilar industry landscape entitled The ... more information on CALBIO 2015 and The Evolving ...
(Date:2/27/2015)... Feb. 27, 2015   PureTech , a science ... commercializing disruptive products and technologies in the healthcare sector, ... former CEO and Member of the Board of Directors ... "It,s has been a pleasure to know Chris ... we will be working together more closely now," said ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Immunovaccine Disclaims Hoax Press Release 2Global Market Report of Trypsin 2014-2018 2Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 2Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 3Christopher Viehbacher, former CEO of Sanofi, Joins PureTech's Board of Directors 4
Cached News: