HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Surveillance and containment would be effective intervention against deliberate smallpox attack

SEATTLE -- In the event of a large, intentional release of smallpox, the current government policy of post-release surveillance and containment, if quickly implemented, would be sufficient to prevent a widespread epidemic, according to a study by biostatisticians at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health. Surveillance and containment consist of isolating known cases and vaccinating close contacts.

Delays in isolating cases by even one or two days, however, could hamper control of an epidemic, according to research by Ira M. Longini, Jr., PhD and M. Elizabeth Halloran, MD, Sc, Emory professors of biostatistics and their colleagues Azhar Nizam and Yang Yang, Dr. Longini will present the research at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Seattle on February 14.

Although mass vaccination during or before a smallpox attack would result in fewer cases and deaths than would surveillance and containment, the researchers concluded that an increased rate of vaccine-related serious illness and death would offset the slightly lower number of smallpox illnesses and deaths, especially since no one knows when or where an intentional release of smallpox would take place. The scientists also concluded that even if a particular smallpox virus were altered to cause more serious, or hemorrhagic cases than the ordinary virus, surveillance and containment would still be effective, although more deaths would occur.

In an earlier study (Science, Nov. 15 2002), the researchers concluded that targeted vaccination of the close contacts of infected individuals during a smallpox outbreak following a small attack could rival the effectiveness of mass vaccination, given a sufficiently high level of immunity within the population. However, as of May, 2003, fewer than 35,000 people had been newly vaccinated against smallpox, and many states had temporarily halted their smallpox vaccination programs. Although routine smallpox vaccinations were stopped in 1972, re
'"/>

Contact: Tia Webster
twebste@emory.edu
404-727-5692
Emory University Health Sciences Center
14-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Protecting the Beat Of Life: Test Center Studies Interaction Between Pacemakers & Electronic Article Surveillance Systems
2. Hopkins Engineering Undergrads Inventions: Power Tools For Double Amputee, Military Surveillance Robot
3. Conserving hydrocarbons would save $438 billion
4. Sediment samples suggest how plants would fare in hotter, drier future
5. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
6. Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
7. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
8. Scientists learn how adjuvant makes vaccines effective
9. Super-effective jumping gene created
10. Drug combo effective in advanced breast cancer
11. Data show investigational antibiotic safe, effective in preventing travelers diarrhea

Post Your Comments:
(Date:3/17/2015)... March 17, 2015 Emotient, the leader ... today announced general availability of Emotient Analytics ... the analysis of facial expressions. The system analyzes ... content, products and services. It delivers audience response ... sentiment - as derived from facial evidence of ...
(Date:3/12/2015)... , March 12, 2015 The mascots of ... Children,s Hospital, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. ... for the 2015 ACC Men,s Basketball Tournament. Young patients ... them and getting their autographs. Brenner Children,s ... It is the only children,s hospital in northwest ...
(Date:3/11/2015)... 2015   The Sync Project™ today ... measure and harness music to improve health. The ... objective measurements of physiology, enabling the study of ... large populations. It is designed for medical and ... rigorous studies and accelerate the discovery of the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 2New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 3New Emotient Web Service Measures Audience Response Using On-Demand Facial Expression Analysis 4Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 2Introducing The Sync Project, a Global Collaboration Harnessing the Scientific Potential of Music for Health 3
(Date:3/27/2015)... März 2015  Peter Walter wurde als ... für seine bahnbrechende Arbeit ausgewählt, die sich ... werden, sowie für die Entschlüsselung der Komponenten ... Stress nutzen, der mit der Ansammlung von ... für Biochemie an der University of California, ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... Working in collaboration with the National ... London , Richmond Pharmacology is the first centre worldwide ... for an investigational RNAi therapeutic being developed for the treatment ... and heart. Read press release ... at St Georges University of London , ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... -- Roka Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ: ROKA ), a ... solutions for the detection of foodborne pathogens, today ... and full year ended December 31, 2014. ... quarter ended December 31, 2014 was $1.4 million ... 2013 and $1.5 million for the third quarter ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... -- BioNano Genomics, Inc., the leader in genome mapping, announced ... commercial officer. Salyer has more than 20 years of ... sciences. At BioNano, Salyer will oversee the commercialization of ... assemble a comprehensive view of complex genomes to help ... located in the United States , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 2Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 3Deutschstämmiger Zellbiologe Peter Walter gewinnt den Vilcek Prize in Biomedical Science 2015 4Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 2Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 3Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 4Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 5Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 6Roka Bioscience Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2014 Financial Results 7BioNano Genomics Appoints Terry Salyer as Chief Commercial Officer 2BioNano Genomics Appoints Terry Salyer as Chief Commercial Officer 3
Cached News: