HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Surveillance and containment would be effective intervention against deliberate smallpox attack

SEATTLE -- In the event of a large, intentional release of smallpox, the current government policy of post-release surveillance and containment, if quickly implemented, would be sufficient to prevent a widespread epidemic, according to a study by biostatisticians at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health. Surveillance and containment consist of isolating known cases and vaccinating close contacts.

Delays in isolating cases by even one or two days, however, could hamper control of an epidemic, according to research by Ira M. Longini, Jr., PhD and M. Elizabeth Halloran, MD, Sc, Emory professors of biostatistics and their colleagues Azhar Nizam and Yang Yang, Dr. Longini will present the research at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Seattle on February 14.

Although mass vaccination during or before a smallpox attack would result in fewer cases and deaths than would surveillance and containment, the researchers concluded that an increased rate of vaccine-related serious illness and death would offset the slightly lower number of smallpox illnesses and deaths, especially since no one knows when or where an intentional release of smallpox would take place. The scientists also concluded that even if a particular smallpox virus were altered to cause more serious, or hemorrhagic cases than the ordinary virus, surveillance and containment would still be effective, although more deaths would occur.

In an earlier study (Science, Nov. 15 2002), the researchers concluded that targeted vaccination of the close contacts of infected individuals during a smallpox outbreak following a small attack could rival the effectiveness of mass vaccination, given a sufficiently high level of immunity within the population. However, as of May, 2003, fewer than 35,000 people had been newly vaccinated against smallpox, and many states had temporarily halted their smallpox vaccination programs. Although routine smallpox vaccinations were stopped in 1972, re
'"/>

Contact: Tia Webster
twebste@emory.edu
404-727-5692
Emory University Health Sciences Center
14-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Protecting the Beat Of Life: Test Center Studies Interaction Between Pacemakers & Electronic Article Surveillance Systems
2. Hopkins Engineering Undergrads Inventions: Power Tools For Double Amputee, Military Surveillance Robot
3. Conserving hydrocarbons would save $438 billion
4. Sediment samples suggest how plants would fare in hotter, drier future
5. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
6. Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
7. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
8. Scientists learn how adjuvant makes vaccines effective
9. Super-effective jumping gene created
10. Drug combo effective in advanced breast cancer
11. Data show investigational antibiotic safe, effective in preventing travelers diarrhea

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/20/2014)... WORCESTER, MA Using population-based screening outcomes of approximately ... states, including four researchers at the University of Massachusetts ... combined immunodeficiency (SCID) can be successfully implemented across public ... programs published in the Aug. 20 issue of the ... JAMA ) showed the rate of SCID in newborns ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... sweet and salty aroma of sunscreen and seawater signals ... now reporting that the idyllic beach vacation comes with ... skin and into the sea, they can become toxic ... the main course for many other marine animals. Their ... & Technology . , Antonio Tovar-Sanchez and David Snchez-Quiles ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... new gene therapy developed by researchers at the University ... protect mice from a life-threatening heart condition caused by ... avenue," said Yi Lai, Ph.D., the leading author of ... School of Medicine,s Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology. ... this could lead to a treatment for people with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Newborn screening expansion offers early diagnosis and treatment to infants with SCID 2Newborn screening expansion offers early diagnosis and treatment to infants with SCID 3Gene therapy protects mice from lethal heart condition, MU researchers find 2
(Date:8/19/2014)... Pa. , Aug. 19, 2014 A ... has been nominated for a Centers for Disease Control ... addressing a major public health concern. ... System, is one of a team of researchers nominated ... Charles C. Shepard Science Award for Data Methods and ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... Research and Markets ... "Spectroscopy Equipment and Accessories - Global Strategic ... This report analyzes the ... in US$ Thousands by the following Product ... NMR-EPR Spectrometers, Near Infrared (NIR) Spectrometers, IR ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) August 19, 2014 ... the launch of its online sales skills training ... their sales skills. , MedTech clinical staff spend the ... at a hospital, standalone medical center, or physician practice ... administrative staff. But why stop there? Sales Horizons believes ...
(Date:8/18/2014)... WASHINGTON , Aug. 18, 2014   Sterne, ... law firm in Washington, DC , ... Inter Partes Review (IPR) with the U.S. ... Inc., a subsidiary of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. (Nasdaq: BRLI). ... co-owned, or licensed by Myriad Genetics, Inc. These patents ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Geisinger investigator nominated for federal award 2Geisinger investigator nominated for federal award 3Global Spectroscopy Equipment and Accessories - Strategic Business Report 2014 2Sales Horizons Launches a New Online Sales Training Course for MedTech Clinical Staff to Develop Their Sales Skills 2Sales Horizons Launches a New Online Sales Training Course for MedTech Clinical Staff to Develop Their Sales Skills 3Sterne Kessler Files 11 IPR Petitions On Behalf Of GeneDx, Inc., Subsidiary Of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. 2Sterne Kessler Files 11 IPR Petitions On Behalf Of GeneDx, Inc., Subsidiary Of BioReference Laboratories, Inc. 3
Cached News: