HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Surveillance and containment would be effective intervention against deliberate smallpox attack

SEATTLE -- In the event of a large, intentional release of smallpox, the current government policy of post-release surveillance and containment, if quickly implemented, would be sufficient to prevent a widespread epidemic, according to a study by biostatisticians at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health. Surveillance and containment consist of isolating known cases and vaccinating close contacts.

Delays in isolating cases by even one or two days, however, could hamper control of an epidemic, according to research by Ira M. Longini, Jr., PhD and M. Elizabeth Halloran, MD, Sc, Emory professors of biostatistics and their colleagues Azhar Nizam and Yang Yang, Dr. Longini will present the research at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Seattle on February 14.

Although mass vaccination during or before a smallpox attack would result in fewer cases and deaths than would surveillance and containment, the researchers concluded that an increased rate of vaccine-related serious illness and death would offset the slightly lower number of smallpox illnesses and deaths, especially since no one knows when or where an intentional release of smallpox would take place. The scientists also concluded that even if a particular smallpox virus were altered to cause more serious, or hemorrhagic cases than the ordinary virus, surveillance and containment would still be effective, although more deaths would occur.

In an earlier study (Science, Nov. 15 2002), the researchers concluded that targeted vaccination of the close contacts of infected individuals during a smallpox outbreak following a small attack could rival the effectiveness of mass vaccination, given a sufficiently high level of immunity within the population. However, as of May, 2003, fewer than 35,000 people had been newly vaccinated against smallpox, and many states had temporarily halted their smallpox vaccination programs. Although routine smallpox vaccinations were stopped in 1972, re
'"/>

Contact: Tia Webster
twebste@emory.edu
404-727-5692
Emory University Health Sciences Center
14-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Protecting the Beat Of Life: Test Center Studies Interaction Between Pacemakers & Electronic Article Surveillance Systems
2. Hopkins Engineering Undergrads Inventions: Power Tools For Double Amputee, Military Surveillance Robot
3. Conserving hydrocarbons would save $438 billion
4. Sediment samples suggest how plants would fare in hotter, drier future
5. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
6. Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
7. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
8. Scientists learn how adjuvant makes vaccines effective
9. Super-effective jumping gene created
10. Drug combo effective in advanced breast cancer
11. Data show investigational antibiotic safe, effective in preventing travelers diarrhea

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/10/2014)... been here before: you desperately need to sign into your online ... answer to your secret question. What,s your dog,s birthday? Who was ... , a digital infrastructure security company, launches the app ... with usernames, passwords and PINs – 1U TM . ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... Baptist Medical Center today announced plans for a new medical ... $50 million capital project is part of a larger capital ... The medical education building will be located in the ... 525@vine in Wake Forest Innovation Quarter. Construction will begin immediately ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 08, 2014 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/xclcvw/biometrics_market ... Market in Japan 2014-2018" report to their offering. ... The integration of biometrics and smart cards for projects ... license is one of the major trends witnessed in ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4Biometrics Market in Japan 2014-2018: Key Vendors are DDS, Fujitsu, Hitachi and NEC 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 GEA Niro Soavi the ... laboratory homogenizer, the PandaPLUS 2000, which is ideal for ... and cell disruption . This compact laboratory homogenizer ... juices, liquid food, food additives and ingredients as well ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 2015 Crystal Diagnostics (CDx) Xpress System, a ... received AOAC-PTM Certifications for the six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing E. ... referred to as STEC or the “Big-6”) as well as ... (cfu) per 325 g of raw ground beef and raw ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... January 22, 2015 Selexis SA, a ... Research Cell Banks (RCBs) used for drug discovery to ... Banks will include Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) data ... de-risks biologic manufacturing by ensuring the integrity of the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , a precision medicine software ... enable the broad use of genomic, imaging and other biomedical ... of Michelle Munson , CEO of Aspera, an IBM ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 "We are ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GEA Niro Soavi Announces the PandaPLUS 2000 Homogenizer for Processing New Applications for Nanoemulsions and Cell Disruption 2Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2
Cached News: