HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Surveillance and containment would be effective intervention against deliberate smallpox attack

SEATTLE -- In the event of a large, intentional release of smallpox, the current government policy of post-release surveillance and containment, if quickly implemented, would be sufficient to prevent a widespread epidemic, according to a study by biostatisticians at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health. Surveillance and containment consist of isolating known cases and vaccinating close contacts.

Delays in isolating cases by even one or two days, however, could hamper control of an epidemic, according to research by Ira M. Longini, Jr., PhD and M. Elizabeth Halloran, MD, Sc, Emory professors of biostatistics and their colleagues Azhar Nizam and Yang Yang, Dr. Longini will present the research at the AAAS Annual Meeting in Seattle on February 14.

Although mass vaccination during or before a smallpox attack would result in fewer cases and deaths than would surveillance and containment, the researchers concluded that an increased rate of vaccine-related serious illness and death would offset the slightly lower number of smallpox illnesses and deaths, especially since no one knows when or where an intentional release of smallpox would take place. The scientists also concluded that even if a particular smallpox virus were altered to cause more serious, or hemorrhagic cases than the ordinary virus, surveillance and containment would still be effective, although more deaths would occur.

In an earlier study (Science, Nov. 15 2002), the researchers concluded that targeted vaccination of the close contacts of infected individuals during a smallpox outbreak following a small attack could rival the effectiveness of mass vaccination, given a sufficiently high level of immunity within the population. However, as of May, 2003, fewer than 35,000 people had been newly vaccinated against smallpox, and many states had temporarily halted their smallpox vaccination programs. Although routine smallpox vaccinations were stopped in 1972, re
'"/>

Contact: Tia Webster
twebste@emory.edu
404-727-5692
Emory University Health Sciences Center
14-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Protecting the Beat Of Life: Test Center Studies Interaction Between Pacemakers & Electronic Article Surveillance Systems
2. Hopkins Engineering Undergrads Inventions: Power Tools For Double Amputee, Military Surveillance Robot
3. Conserving hydrocarbons would save $438 billion
4. Sediment samples suggest how plants would fare in hotter, drier future
5. International study findings link acne-like rash to effectiveness of new targeted cancer treatment
6. Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
7. Purdue yeast makes ethanol from agricultural waste more effectively
8. Scientists learn how adjuvant makes vaccines effective
9. Super-effective jumping gene created
10. Drug combo effective in advanced breast cancer
11. Data show investigational antibiotic safe, effective in preventing travelers diarrhea

Post Your Comments:
(Date:5/7/2015)... Sweden , May 7, 2015 ... touch fingerprint sensors, FPC1022 and FPC1035, FPC,s smallest ... and FPC1035 are mainly considered for integration on ... size gives smartphone OEMs increased possibilities to integrate ... The decreased size also improves possibilities for module ...
(Date:5/5/2015)... May 5, 2015, NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market, reminds investors and media ... Officer, is presenting  at CARTES SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015, held ... The three-day conference is organized into a ... in is themed Global Fraud: Where is the Trust ...
(Date:4/27/2015)... 27, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces that ... customers the first week of May, 2015 and will ... May. Gino Pereira , Chief ... the company as Wocket® enters the consumer market. We ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FPC Introduces its Smallest Touch Fingerprint Sensors to Date 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CTO, David Tunnell, Presents at CARTES SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015 Today in Washington DC. 2NXT-ID, Inc.'s CTO, David Tunnell, Presents at CARTES SECURE CONNEXIONS AMERICA 2015 Today in Washington DC. 3Wocket, the Smartest Wallet You Will Ever Own, Announces Shipment to Pre-order Customers 2Wocket, the Smartest Wallet You Will Ever Own, Announces Shipment to Pre-order Customers 3
(Date:5/28/2015)... -- RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NASDAQ: RXII ), a ... primarily in the areas of dermatology and ophthalmology, today ... million units at a price to the public of ... million. Each unit consists of (i) one share of ... purchase 0.50 of a share of common stock at ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... (PRWEB) May 28, 2015 The Fertility ... our own Dr. Danielle Vitiello has taken on a ... role, Dr. Vitiello will provide guidance, leadership, oversight and ... to count Dr. Vitiello among our team of experienced ... and CEO, Joseph A. Hill, M.D. “Her expertise and ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... May 28, 2015 American Process ... (Oak Ridge, TN) recently signed a joint ... printing plastic resins using nanocellulose, a rapidly emerging ... 3D printing is the limited number of feedstock ... mechanical strength to printed parts for load bearing ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... LONDON , May 27, 2015  The ... provides comprehensive understanding and unprecedented access to the ... worlds leading healthcare companies during 2014. ... gain insight into the partnering activities of the ... view all the partnering and alliances deals announced ...
Breaking Biology Technology:RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces $10 Million Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces $10 Million Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 3Danielle Vitiello, MD of Fertility Centers of New England, Named New Medical Director 2American Process Inc. Announces Partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to Make 3D Printing Plastic Resins Stronger and More Sustainable 2American Process Inc. Announces Partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to Make 3D Printing Plastic Resins Stronger and More Sustainable 3Companion Diagnostics Deals and Alliances of 2014 2
Cached News: