HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The Green Party

Biologists conducting Space Shuttle experiments may be one step closer to shedding light on the biggest power booster on the planet: a protein in green plants called Photosystem I.

A German research team recently presented the results of their Space Shuttle experiment designed to crystallize Photosystem I molecules. According to the researchers, "This experiment has yielded the best data set thus far obtained from Photosystem I crystals."

During photosynthesis, the cells in green plants undergo two simultaneous reactions, both of which rely on a separate kind of protein. Photosystem I protein molecules use the trapped energy in sunlight to convert carbon dioxide into carbon and oxygen. This provides the plant food in the form of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids - the building blocks of life. Photosystem II protein molecules use light energy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen for plant respiration.

Scientists crystallize protein molecules in order to study their complex internal structures. Because the molecules are too small to study directly under a microscope, scientists use X-ray diffraction to get a picture of the molecule.

Shining X-rays through a crystal produces a scattering pattern, which is a type of blueprint. Think of a shadow cast through a picket fence - the shape of the shadow would tell you that the fundamental building block of the fence is a rectangular board. Shining X-rays through a protein crystal indicates the protein's shape, where it's located, and ultimately how it may work.

High quality crystals - composed of ordered and repeating units of a particular protein - are required for X-ray diffraction. Some of the crystals grown in the microgravity conditions of space are more perfectly ordered than crystals grown on Earth. Microgravity can also affect the rate at which the proteins initiate new growth. Space crystals have shown a 10 to 20-fold larger volume compared to the Earth-grown counterparts.
'"/>

Contact: John Horack
john.horack@msfc.nasa.gov
256-544-1872
NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center--Space Sciences Laboratory
10-May-1999


Page: 1 2 3 4 5

Related biology news :

1. Green, leafy spinach may soon power cellphones and laptops
2. Green tea research leads to gum and other products
3. Discovery of tiny microbes in ancient Greenland glacier may define limits for life on Earth
4. Green Foundation, Trust gives $12.8 million for UT Southwestern comprehensive research center
5. Green and sustainable chemistry
6. Startling deep-sea encounter with rare, massive Greenland shark
7. DuPont receives US EPAs Presidential Green Chemistry Award for new innovation
8. Green, black tea extracts found to lower cholesterol
9. Green tea boosts antimicrobial properties of toothpaste
10. Greenhouse gas might green up the desert
11. Green tea linked to skin cell rejuvenation

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: The Green Party

(Date:2/9/2015)... 9, 2015  Lintec of America recently announced an ... nanotube (CNT) macrostructures, including sheets, yarns and ribbons, developed ... Leveraging the vast industrial resources of the global ... , Lintec of America is forming the Nano-Science and ... , focusing on scaling up the manufacturing and commercialization ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... Conn. , Jan. 26, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. ... the "Company"), a biometric authentication company focused on the ... new corporate website ( http://www.nxt-id.com/ ) as part of ... smart wallet. The Company launched its new consumer website ... Gino Pereira , CEO of NXT-ID said, "Our new ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6lngtl/global_biometrics ... "Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, ... to their offering. , In ... is anticipated to overtake North America ... spending towards IT security, government biometric based projects ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Lintec announces exclusive license to commercialize innovative carbon nanotube technology from the University of Texas at Dallas 2Lintec announces exclusive license to commercialize innovative carbon nanotube technology from the University of Texas at Dallas 3Lintec announces exclusive license to commercialize innovative carbon nanotube technology from the University of Texas at Dallas 4NXT-ID, Inc. Launches New Corporate Website As Part Of Ongoing 2015 Branding Initiatives For Wocket Smart Wallet 2NXT-ID, Inc. Launches New Corporate Website As Part Of Ongoing 2015 Branding Initiatives For Wocket Smart Wallet 3Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 2Global Biometrics Market (2014-2020): Market Forecast By Technologies, Applications, End Use, Regions and Countries 3
(Date:3/4/2015)... 4, 2015  BioClinica®, Inc., a leading ... today announced that clinical trial professionals representing ... its annual European User Conference in ... the use of its eClinical technologies to ... include: the Microsoft Office-Smart OnPoint CTMS; Express ...
(Date:3/4/2015)... 2015 Launched by the ... in December 2011, ,SARAH, - the French ... versus sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has enrolled ... SARAH, a large French study of patients ... HCC) has completed patient enrolment, exceeding its 400-patient target, ...
(Date:3/3/2015)... TORONTO, March 3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aptose Biosciences Inc. ... therapeutics and molecular diagnostics that target the underlying mechanisms ... and seventh-month period ended December 31, 2014. ... year end from May 31 to December 31. As ... reporting today are for the quarter and the seven ...
(Date:3/3/2015)... 03, 2015 Experts and industry insiders ... one event: the Alltech REBELation exploring innovation, inspiration and ... Now in its 31st year, Alltech’s annual international conference ... and the opportunity to join the REBELation at an ... 11:59 p.m. EST, at which point the standard early ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioClinica Teams With Pharma To Tackle Clinical Trial Challenges In Europe 2BioClinica Teams With Pharma To Tackle Clinical Trial Challenges In Europe 3Treatment of Primary Liver Cancer: SARAH Study Completes Enrolment, Results Expected Late 2016 2Treatment of Primary Liver Cancer: SARAH Study Completes Enrolment, Results Expected Late 2016 3Treatment of Primary Liver Cancer: SARAH Study Completes Enrolment, Results Expected Late 2016 4Treatment of Primary Liver Cancer: SARAH Study Completes Enrolment, Results Expected Late 2016 5Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 2Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 3Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 4Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 5Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 6Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 7Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 8Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 9Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 10Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 11Aptose Biosciences reports results for the quarter and seven months ended December 31, 2014 12World-renowned Leaders, Authors and Businesspeople Join the Alltech REBELation 2World-renowned Leaders, Authors and Businesspeople Join the Alltech REBELation 3World-renowned Leaders, Authors and Businesspeople Join the Alltech REBELation 4
Cached News: