HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
The HIV Nef protein plays both offense and defense in the battle between the AIDS virus and the body's immune system

In fighting the body's immune system, HIV owes part of its success to its ability to destroy those cells normally recruited to mount the body's counter-attack against the HIV-infected cells. Lying at the crux of such success is a viral protein called Nef, which protects its infected host while simultaneously destroying the neighboring uninfected cells of the immune system, according to scientists at the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology.

"It's HIV going both ways, playing offense and defense," said Warner C. Greene, MD, PhD, director of the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology and UCSF professor in the departments of medicine and microbiology and immunology. "It is a rather remarkable example of the cunning strategy the AIDS virus employs to help ensure its survival and spread."

Researchers have long known that cells surrounding an HIV-infected cell are eliminated by way of a programmed self-destructive process known as apoptosis. And Nef, the researchers knew, somehow plays a key role in triggering this destruction. Now in a study published in the April 12, 2001 issue of Nature, Gladstone scientists have discovered that Nef also protects its infected host cell from the detrimental effects by using the same trigger. The new study shows that Nef does this by binding to and inhibiting a protein called ASK1, a key player in apoptosis.

"If we could effectively block the assembly of Nef and ASK1, it could lead to the premature death of the HIV-infected host cell," Greene said. "The HIV infection process would then be short-circuited and the virus might simply die out because it would not have sufficient time to fully reproduce itself."

Achieving such a block will require discovering and developing a molecule that interrupts the assembly of Nef and ASK1, helping to "tip the balance in favor of the body effectively dealing with the virus," he said.

Identifying such a molecule could lead to the develop
'"/>

Contact: Laura Lane
llane@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-476-2557
University of California - San Francisco
10-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New molecular link key to cellular proteins involved in cancer progression, other diseases
2. Researchers identify protein promoting vascular tumor growth
3. UCI scientists successfully target key HIV protein; breakthrough may lead to new drug therapies
4. Experimental drug shown to block mutant protein causing blood disease
5. Loss of the neuronal adhesion protein d-catenin leads to severe cognitive dysfunction
6. Images of tail of protein needed for cell multiplication suggest anticancer drug targets
7. New dye directly reveals activated proteins in living cells
8. Disruption of protein-folding causes neurodegeneration, mental retardation
9. A new protein is discovered to play a key role in cancer progression
10. Optimizing proteins death domain halts leukemia in laboratory study
11. Stuck on you: Scientists lay bare secrets of bacterial attachment proteins

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/9/2015)... , July 9, 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... announced today that it will report financial results for ... July 30, 2015 after the close of market. The ... and investors at 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), ... To participate on the live call, analysts and ...
(Date:7/8/2015)... YORK , July 8, 2015  BD (Becton, ... BD & Guidepoint Mentor, a new program ... Guidepoint,s expert network services. BD is ... to improve healthcare delivery and outcomes and, with the ... entrepreneur will be able to directly engage with industry ...
(Date:7/7/2015)... Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company") a biometric ... revised version of one of its first 30 second commercials will ... New York , Chicago , ... metro areas.    , , , , ... the cards in your wallet and keep your identity secure. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Synaptics to Report Fourth Quarter, Fiscal Year 2015 Results on July 30 2BD and Guidepoint Team to Connect Healthcare Start-up Companies With Business and Scientific Experts 2BD and Guidepoint Team to Connect Healthcare Start-up Companies With Business and Scientific Experts 3Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 2Wocket Smart Wallet Commercials Airing on CNBC to Showcase This Summer's Must- Have Tech Product 3
(Date:7/29/2015)... Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ) today announced that ... resigned.  The Company has hired Andrew Ashworth , ... 2014, as full time interim CFO and has launched ... Andy Ashworth began his employment today, to overlap ... was the Company,s CFO from September 2011 to December ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 29, 2015 ... the addition of the "Global Biosimilars Market, ... The Global Biosimilars Market, 2015 - ... rapidly growing biosimilars market. With the blockbuster biologics ... minimize costs, biosimilars are being viewed as viable ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... 2015  Pfenex Inc. (NYSE MKT: PFNX) announced today ... released on Thursday, August 13, 2015, before the open ... will host a conference call to discuss the financial ... outlining the financial results and business update will be ... call 1-866-376-8058 (US) or 1-412-542-4131 (international) and reference Pfenex ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 29, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - Aeterna Zentaris Inc. ... it has selected an optimized Erk inhibitor molecule ... the development of a new class of potential ... represents a prime target for therapeutic intervention in ... and survival benefits for B-Raf and Mek inhibitors. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioAmber Announces Change in Chief Financial Officer 2BioAmber Announces Change in Chief Financial Officer 3Global Biosimilars Market to 2025: Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs), Insulin, Interferons, G-CSF/ GM-CSF, Erythropoietins and Others 2Global Biosimilars Market to 2025: Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs), Insulin, Interferons, G-CSF/ GM-CSF, Erythropoietins and Others 3Pfenex To Report Second Quarter 2015 Results and Provide Business Update on Thursday, August 13, 2015 2Aeterna Zentaris Announces Optimized Erk Inhibitor Compounds For Further Development 2Aeterna Zentaris Announces Optimized Erk Inhibitor Compounds For Further Development 3
Cached News: