Trans fatty acid consumption may increase risk for type 2 diabetes

In research published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Salmeron et al. studied the relationship between the consumption of saturated or unsaturated fats and the onset of type 2 diabetes. They analyzed diet records from 84,000 normal to overweight, middle-aged women in the Nurses Health Study at intervals over a 14 year period between 1980 and 1994. Increasing the use of trans fatty acids by as little as 2% significantly increased the risk for type 2 diabetes in these women, as opposed to the use of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which reduced the risk of diabetes.

Among the 2,507 cases of type 2 diabetes diagnosed over the 14-year period of the study, neither total fat intake nor saturated fat influenced the incidence, but high consumption of trans fatty acids increased the risk for the disease. The main sources of trans fatty acids in the womens diets were stick margarine; beef, pork or lamb; cookies; biscuits; and white bread. Polyunsaturated fats were mainly derived from vegetable oils used in salad dressing. The authors estimate that replacement of 2% of calories in the American diet represented by trans fatty acids with a similar amount of calories as polyunsaturated fats could result in a 40% reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

In an accompanying editorial, Clandinin and Wilke point out that these results could have significant implications for consumer food choices and manufacturing practices. They caution that the processing technology for fats and oils in foods changed during the time frame of the study, and could affect the estimations of the amount of trans fatty acids in the various foods. They also caution against extrapolating the results from this large population study to individuals, especially since trans fatty acids represent a relatively small part of the American diet.


Contact: Elizabeth Horowitz
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Transcriptional gene silencing in nucleus shown by UCSD/VA medical researchers
2. APS Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Translational Research Conference, Sept. 8-11
3. Transplant rejection averted by simple light exposure in Stanford animal study
4. Media invited to attend International Society For Heart & Lung Transplantation meeting April 21-24
5. Transporters function provides support for eating vegetables, limiting antibiotics
6. Experimental Biology 2004 - Translating the Genome
7. AACR and The V Foundation form Translational Cancer Research Alliance
8. Transgenic animals produced using cultured sperm
9. Transgenic mosquitoes are less fertile than their counterparts in nature
10. Translational repression in germline development
11. Transparent fish provide window on blood formation and marrow transplantation

Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/23/2020)... ... June 23, 2020 , ... First Aid Africa, ... a UK supplier and manufacturer of innovative portable renewable energy equipment, have announced ... fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in Zambia. , One of Renovagen’s FAST FOLD ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... ... , ... In its June 22 online post, business and technology news platform ... Ph.D., founder and director of stem cell biotechnology company Asymmetrex . Superb Crew ... starting July 5 it would begin offering free tissue stem cell counting ...
(Date:6/19/2020)... ... June 18, 2020 , ... Join experts from Envigo ... Scientist in a live webinar on Wednesday, July 8, 2020 at 11am ... way we genetically engineer new models. However, while modifying the genome may be more ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2020)... SCOTTSDALE, Ariz. (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2020 ... ... products, is now offering an Amniosomes special offer. This includes buy three, get ... providers should call (888) 568-6909. , Amniotic derived exosomes, known as exosomes, have ...
(Date:6/11/2020)... ... June 09, 2020 , ... PathSensors Inc., ... Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program funded by the National Institute of Food ... in the Field”. The project’s goal was to engineer and develop a field-deployable ...
(Date:5/30/2020)... ... May 29, 2020 , ... ... device, diagnostics, and animal health markets, has enabled Cytovale, Inc., a medical technology ... and machine learning, to achieve their first patient in (FPI) in just seven ...
(Date:5/21/2020)... ... , ... Threats to intellectual property, political pressure to lower ... wisdom that says the coronavirus pandemic will generally benefit biopharmaceutical companies, a new ... commercially weaker, dealing with delays in new product launches and with fewer resources ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: