HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
'Trap' crop saves Texas cross timbers melon production

STEPHENVILLE -- Mark Allison, Comanche County farmer, first noticed a few yellow vines in his watermelon crop in the late 1990s but didn't think much of it.

There are a number of diseases that cause melon vines to yellow, but this one thumbed its nose at conventional treatments. The next year, it struck again, turning half his crop into a mass of yellow, wilted heap of vines, leaves and unmarketable fruit.

At war with diseases, often besieged by unpredictable weather, melon farming is a high-investment, high-risk crop. With tens of thousands of dollars in production costs at stake, Allison called his first line of defense, Bob Whitney, Texas Cooperative Extension agent for Comanche County.

Whitney brought in Dr. Forrest Mitchell, a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station entomologist. Mitchell, who is based at the Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center at Stephenville, got right to work. Mitchell had been involved in the hunt for the cause of yellow vine disease since the mid 1990s.

In 1991, yellow vine disease made its premier performance in Texas and Oklahoma, striking melon and cantaloupe fields with a vengeance. Some fields were completely wiped out. By the mid-1990s, it was clear the melon industry throughout the region was at risk.

In response to the threat, Mitchell joined a multi-disciplinary task force that included Texas A&M System scientists, U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists at Lane, Okla., and Oklahoma State University researchers. Work proceeded on various fronts, as some theories about the disease were proven and others discarded.

For example, in 1997, Mitchell and his colleagues at the Stephenville center were the first to positively identify a rod-shaped cell bacterium-like organism that was at work in yellow vine disease.

The scientists knew an insect had to be spreading the disease, but which one remained a mystery for some time. At first the chief suspect wa
'"/>

Contact: Robert Burns
903-834-6191
Texas A&M University - Agricultural Communications
7-Jul-2004


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Disease-resistant papaya saves Hawaiian papaya industry
2. Salmonella infects cells and saves itself by altering host membrane lipids
3. Busy sequencing technique saves money and time
4. Common asthma drug saves patients money, trips to hospital
5. Dead zone area shrinking, Texas A&M prof says
6. Hardy buoys: Texas A&M project predicts oil spill movements
7. Water on Mars not easy to find, says Texas A&M researcher
8. Weed from hell found in Texas
9. Global competition closes Texas sawmills/paper mills
10. Fire ant killing protozoa found in 120 Texas counties
11. Tiny beetle wreaks havoc on Texas ornamental tree nurseries

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/30/2016)... Nov. 30, 2016  higi SH llc (higi) ... initiative targeting national brands, industry thought-leaders and celebrity ... respective audiences for taking steps to live healthier, ... in 2012, higi has built the largest self-screening ... 38 million people who have conducted over 185 ...
(Date:11/24/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 23, 2016 Cercacor ... endurance athletes and their trainers non-invasively measure ... Index, Pulse Rate, and Respiration Rate in approximately 30 ... enables users easy and immediate access to key data ... part of a training regimen. Hemoglobin ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... Market Watch: Primarily supported by ownership types; Private ... market is to witness a value of US$37.1 billion by ... Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.75% is foreseen from ... North America is not way behind ... at 9.56% respectively. Report Focus: The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... a new moving magnet Voice Coil Actuator with a flexure design that ensures ... long life with cost-effective pricing and is ideally suited where extreme precision is ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , Nov. 30, 2016  The Allen ... Cell Collection: the first publicly available collection of ... cells that target key cellular structures with unprecedented ... Research, these powerful tools are a crucial first ... to better understand what makes human cells healthy ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... -- Part of 5m$ Investment in Integrated Drug ... , ... today announced that it had successfully completed the expansion of ... increased the Screening Collection to over 400,000. The new compounds ... the company. This expansion, complemented by new robotics and compound ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... On 28 November 2016, the International Union of ... nihonium (Nh), moscovium (Mc), tennessine (Ts), and oganesson (Og), respectively for element 113, 115, ... proposed by the discoverers have been approved by the IUPAC Bureau. The IUPAC Council ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: