HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Tropical scientists find fewer species than expected

class of animals known--scientists had assumed that each plant-eating insect species tended to feed on one or very few plant species. If true, the estimates of the number of herbivorous insects should be tied to the number of plant species.

"Instead, most insects turn out to be specialized not to plant species, but rather to a genus [grouping of species] or family [grouping of genera] of plants," Weiblen said. "Fewer effective plant 'hosts' means fewer herbivores. Where people had assumed that different insects' food sources overlapped very little, we found that many insects share their food plants with other insect species. There are actually few extreme specialists among tropical insect herbivores."

New Guinea's species diversity made the island an ideal laboratory for the study. Its tropical forests are about the same area as Texas but contain five percent of the world's biodiversity, Weiblen said. The island has 12,000 species of plants; in comparison, Weiblen's home state of Minnesota has only about 1200 species. The work began in 1994 with studies of the insects eating 15 species of figs--Weiblen's area of specialty--that co-occur in the rainforest. The study then expanded to include the mulberry family, which is related to figs, then members of the coffee family and more distantly related plants. The team used DNA sequences to sort out the evolutionary relationships between plants and looked at how insect species were distributed on them.

They found that the tropical forest plant community was dominated by clusters of closely related plant species and that insects tend to feed on multiple close relatives in a given plant genus or family. Because the number of insect species was tied to broader--and therefore less numerous--categories of plants, estimates of their numbers had to be diminished, Weiblen said. Once the estimate of herbivorous insects had been made, the researchers plugged that number into equations to estimate the total
'"/>

Contact: Deane Morrison
morri029@umn.edu
612-624-2346
University of Minnesota
24-Apr-2002


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Tropical legume could be alternative hay/forage crop for Texas
2. Tropical deforestation and global warming
3. Arthropods of Tropical Forests
4. Tropical Science for the 21st Century
5. A Magic Web: The Tropical Forest of Barro Colorado
6. Ira Rubinoff honored by the Association for Tropical Biology
7. Tropical forests under surveillance
8. Sessions on bioterrorism featured at Tropical Medicine Meeting
9. Tropical glaciers formed while earth was giant snowball
10. Chemistry in the Amazon: Tropical birds, Amazonian tribespeople derive medicinal benefits from insects, plants
11. Tropical tree distribution could have implications for forest management, conservation

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Tropical scientists find fewer species than expected

(Date:8/25/2015)... SALT LAKE CITY and BELLEVUE, ... a global leader in advanced robotic systems, announced today ... first-of-its-kind robotic unmanned ground vehicle (UGV), at the National ... Lake City.  The Guardian S is ... is the culmination of years of research and in-field ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... 2015   Sensory, Inc ., a Silicon ... experience and security of consumer electronics through state-of-the-art ... its TrulySecure™ is the first multimodal ... FIDO Certified™. The FIDO (Fast Identification ... FIDO UAF (Universal Authentication Framework) 1.0 specifications, which ...
(Date:8/18/2015)... 17, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "Global Biometric Authentication & Identification Market: Focus ... Forecast, 2015-2020" report to their offering. ... systems market is expected to grow at an ... and generate over $25 billion (approximately) by 2020 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Sarcos to Debut First-of-its-Kind Snake Robot 2Sarcos to Debut First-of-its-Kind Snake Robot 3TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 2TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 3TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 4TrulySecure From Sensory Becomes First Face and Voice Biometrics Technology to be FIDO UAF Certified 5Global Biometric Authentication & Identification Market 2015: Focus On Modality, Motility & Application - Estimation & Forecasts to 2020 for the $25 Billion Industry 2
(Date:8/31/2015)... , Aug. 31, 2015 Research and ... the "Israel Biomedical Sensors Market - Growth, Trends ... The Israel Biomedical Sensors market is estimated ... 3.73% over the period 2014-2020 The near ... the genetic formulation of each individual. These sensors can ...
(Date:8/31/2015)... SYDNEY , Aug. 31, 2015  US-Australian ... NVGN ) today confirmed its comprehensive scientific ... ground-breaking technology platforms in areas of unmet patient ... through the remaining preclinical projects prior to entering ... lead compounds. Acting Chief Executive Officer, ...
(Date:8/31/2015)... ... August 31, 2015 , ... Regulatory agencies have acknowledged ... development approval process. Thus, innovator companies must understand what will be needed in ... CMO, has been hosting multiple educational panels and seminars for experts to share ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ... "Global & USA BioSimilar Market Analysis to 2021" ... awaited US Biosimilar market will be initiated in September ... How will the global market react? Will biosimilars explode ... could save the US economy up to $250 billion ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Israel Biomedical Sensors Market 2015 - Growth, Trends & Forecasts to 2020 2Novogen Announces The Outcome Of A Comprehensive Science Review 2Novogen Announces The Outcome Of A Comprehensive Science Review 3Novogen Announces The Outcome Of A Comprehensive Science Review 4Novogen Announces The Outcome Of A Comprehensive Science Review 5Novogen Announces The Outcome Of A Comprehensive Science Review 6Regis Shares Expert Advice on Impurities in Drug Development 2Regis Shares Expert Advice on Impurities in Drug Development 3Global & USA BioSimilar Market Analysis Report 2015-2021 2Global & USA BioSimilar Market Analysis Report 2015-2021 3
Cached News: