HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UC Berkeley, Joint Genome Institute target chloroplasts for clues to green plant evolution

Berkeley - As biologists try to tease out the finer details of the green plant family tree, one key may lie in the cellular organelle - the chloroplast - that makes green plants green.

As the photosynthetic factory of the plant cell, the chloroplast contains its own complement of genes distinct from the comparably sized mitochondrial genome in the energy center of the cell or the much larger genome in the cell nucleus.

"The chloroplast genome can be more informative in some ways than the complete nuclear genome, and easier to analyze than plant mitochondrial DNA," said Brent Mishler, professor of integrative biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and director of the Jepson and University Herbaria.

Mishler is one of nine principal investigators on a new project, supported by $3 million over five years from the National Science Foundation, to isolate and sequence chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes from 50 to 100 representative plants, drawing on the expertise of the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) in Walnut Creek, Calif. The grant was among the largest of seven collaborative projects funded last month by NSF's "Assembling the Tree of Life" program.

The biologists will compare chloroplast genomes, as well as mitochondrial genomes and nuclear genes, along with morphological characteristics to determine plant relationships among the more ancient plant groups such as the mosses, algae and ferns. Their work will complement that of on-going projects looking at other branches of the green plant family tree, such as the well-studied seed plants.

"The whole nuclear genome is enormous and it's very difficult technically to get the same portions of a genome out from a lot of different organisms," said co-PI Jeffrey L. Boore, a scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, head of the evolutionary genomics laboratory at JGI and an adjunct associate professor of integrative biology at UC Ber
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rls@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
25-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. UC Berkeley, U.S.G.S. Scientists Discover Microscopic Invader Of San Francisco Bay, The First Known Marine Microbe Invader Of U.S. Waters
2. 7th Joint Conference on Information Sciences
3. Joint Genome Institute to sequence key African frog genome
4. Joint research project to improve butterfly identification system
5. DOE Joint Human Genome Effort Exceeds Sequencing Goal
6. Sequencing Milestone Reached By DOE Joint Genome Institute
7. University Of Kentucky Biomedical Engineer Awarded Grant To Improve Joint Replacements And Dental Implants
8. NIST Machine To Aid In Making Better Artificial Joints
9. First Evidence That Localized Arthritis Gene Therapy Heals Distant Diseased Joints
10. Wiley publishes Welcome to the Genome: A Users Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future
11. Genome-wide screen reveals new tricks of old genes

Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/17/2014)... N.C. , Dec. 16, 2014 Valencell, a ... its PerformTek biometric technology to industry leaders such as ... accurate, clinically validated, biometric wearable products. These products will ... in Las Vegas . ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... Research and Markets , ... announced the addition of the "Biometrics Market in ... One major trend emerging in this market is ... utilize more than one characteristic of an individual for ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today announced plans for ... Funding for this $50 million capital project is part of ... summer. The medical education building will be ... complex, adjacent to 525@vine in Wake Forest Innovation Quarter. Construction ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2Biometrics Market in India 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
(Date:1/22/2015)... 21, 2015 Cambridge Semantics, the leading provider ... announced that 2014 was a record-breaking year across the board ... the Anzo Smart Data Platform and our Smart Data solutions, ... from diverse data which led to record growth for the ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Crystal Diagnostics (CDx) Xpress System, ... has received AOAC-PTM Certifications for the six non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing ... collectively referred to as STEC or the “Big-6”) as well ... unit (cfu) per 325 g of raw ground beef and ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Dr. Greg Leyer of UAS Labs recently was ... Pre-Conference seminar on probiotics in San Diego, CA. , ... conference for health care professionals. This year’s pre-conference seminar was ... in health. Dr. Leyer spoke about the emerging topics and ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015 Diagenode, Inc., a ... the Bioruptor® and complete solutions for epigenetics research, ... immunoprecipitation, alleviating the need for manual processing. The ... for ChIP of histones or transcription factors and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cambridge Semantics Announces Record Results for 2014 2Crystal Diagnostics Awarded AOAC-PTM Accreditation for the Rapid Detection of “Big 6” E.coli Food Pathogens 2Diagenode Launches Unique Semi-Automated Solution for Chromatin Immunoprecipitation 2
Cached News: