HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UC Berkeley, Joint Genome Institute target chloroplasts for clues to green plant evolution

Berkeley - As biologists try to tease out the finer details of the green plant family tree, one key may lie in the cellular organelle - the chloroplast - that makes green plants green.

As the photosynthetic factory of the plant cell, the chloroplast contains its own complement of genes distinct from the comparably sized mitochondrial genome in the energy center of the cell or the much larger genome in the cell nucleus.

"The chloroplast genome can be more informative in some ways than the complete nuclear genome, and easier to analyze than plant mitochondrial DNA," said Brent Mishler, professor of integrative biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and director of the Jepson and University Herbaria.

Mishler is one of nine principal investigators on a new project, supported by $3 million over five years from the National Science Foundation, to isolate and sequence chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes from 50 to 100 representative plants, drawing on the expertise of the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) in Walnut Creek, Calif. The grant was among the largest of seven collaborative projects funded last month by NSF's "Assembling the Tree of Life" program.

The biologists will compare chloroplast genomes, as well as mitochondrial genomes and nuclear genes, along with morphological characteristics to determine plant relationships among the more ancient plant groups such as the mosses, algae and ferns. Their work will complement that of on-going projects looking at other branches of the green plant family tree, such as the well-studied seed plants.

"The whole nuclear genome is enormous and it's very difficult technically to get the same portions of a genome out from a lot of different organisms," said co-PI Jeffrey L. Boore, a scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, head of the evolutionary genomics laboratory at JGI and an adjunct associate professor of integrative biology at UC Ber
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rls@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
25-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. UC Berkeley, U.S.G.S. Scientists Discover Microscopic Invader Of San Francisco Bay, The First Known Marine Microbe Invader Of U.S. Waters
2. 7th Joint Conference on Information Sciences
3. Joint Genome Institute to sequence key African frog genome
4. Joint research project to improve butterfly identification system
5. DOE Joint Human Genome Effort Exceeds Sequencing Goal
6. Sequencing Milestone Reached By DOE Joint Genome Institute
7. University Of Kentucky Biomedical Engineer Awarded Grant To Improve Joint Replacements And Dental Implants
8. NIST Machine To Aid In Making Better Artificial Joints
9. First Evidence That Localized Arthritis Gene Therapy Heals Distant Diseased Joints
10. Wiley publishes Welcome to the Genome: A Users Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future
11. Genome-wide screen reveals new tricks of old genes

Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/21/2014)... Calif. , Nov. 20, 2014 Strict ... driver efficiency are piloting the North American and European ... of accidents growing, gesture recognition systems that are intuitive ... a mark in the industry. New ... Automotive Gesture Recognition Market in Europe ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... Nov. 17, 2014   News ... collaborate to develop The Partners Data Lake, an ... Partners Data Lake will allow researcher and clinicians ... treatment and the lives of patients , ... clinical activities across the Partners system, breaking down ...
(Date:11/12/2014)... 2014 Crossmatch™, a leading provider of biometric ... fingerprint readers have been deployed throughout Montparnasse Pasteleria, ... Mexico . The bakery chain implemented the Crossmatch ... caused by employees clocking in for each other. ... Montparnasse relied on paper timecards and a mechanical time ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 2Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 3Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 4Partners HealthCare and EMC Unite to Solve Health Care's Toughest Challenges Using Big Data 5Montparnasse Pasteleria Achieves Time and Attendance Transparency with Crossmatch U.are.U Fingerprint Readers 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... MA (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 Reports ... in the United States suffer from one or more ... asthma, or cancer. Medication can address some of these ... daily activities that many sufferers face. While implanted nerve ... and stimulate the whole nerve, which can induce side ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... With only 2 weeks left of ... Sartorius Biohit products . The product specials include Buy ... Pipette Trade-in Program, and free pipette tips. , Sartorius ... the world. They are ideal for lab technicians performing ... ,     Full volume range of 0.1 uL to ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014 Relmada Therapeutics, Inc. ... the treatment of chronic pain, announced the results of ... "This was a transformational year in Relmada,s history ... for our company," said Sergio Traversa , chief ... have executed on key financial, human resource and clinical ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 Achim Noack has been named ... Group. In this position, Noack will assist Jerry Stoller, ... develop marketing strategy and supervise global marketing management and ... has tremendous knowledge and experience in the crop protection ... experience and innovative thinking will be a great asset ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Draper Wins GSK Funding for Smaller, Smarter Implantable Devices 2Major Pipette Distributor Pipette.com Announces Sartorius Year End Specials 2Relmada Therapeutics Announces Results of Annual Shareholders Meeting 2Achim Noack Joins Stoller Group as Global Vice President of Marketing and Administration 2
Cached News: