HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UC Berkeley, Joint Genome Institute target chloroplasts for clues to green plant evolution

Berkeley - As biologists try to tease out the finer details of the green plant family tree, one key may lie in the cellular organelle - the chloroplast - that makes green plants green.

As the photosynthetic factory of the plant cell, the chloroplast contains its own complement of genes distinct from the comparably sized mitochondrial genome in the energy center of the cell or the much larger genome in the cell nucleus.

"The chloroplast genome can be more informative in some ways than the complete nuclear genome, and easier to analyze than plant mitochondrial DNA," said Brent Mishler, professor of integrative biology at the University of California, Berkeley, and director of the Jepson and University Herbaria.

Mishler is one of nine principal investigators on a new project, supported by $3 million over five years from the National Science Foundation, to isolate and sequence chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes from 50 to 100 representative plants, drawing on the expertise of the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute (JGI) in Walnut Creek, Calif. The grant was among the largest of seven collaborative projects funded last month by NSF's "Assembling the Tree of Life" program.

The biologists will compare chloroplast genomes, as well as mitochondrial genomes and nuclear genes, along with morphological characteristics to determine plant relationships among the more ancient plant groups such as the mosses, algae and ferns. Their work will complement that of on-going projects looking at other branches of the green plant family tree, such as the well-studied seed plants.

"The whole nuclear genome is enormous and it's very difficult technically to get the same portions of a genome out from a lot of different organisms," said co-PI Jeffrey L. Boore, a scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, head of the evolutionary genomics laboratory at JGI and an adjunct associate professor of integrative biology at UC Ber
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rls@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
25-Nov-2002


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. UC Berkeley, U.S.G.S. Scientists Discover Microscopic Invader Of San Francisco Bay, The First Known Marine Microbe Invader Of U.S. Waters
2. 7th Joint Conference on Information Sciences
3. Joint Genome Institute to sequence key African frog genome
4. Joint research project to improve butterfly identification system
5. DOE Joint Human Genome Effort Exceeds Sequencing Goal
6. Sequencing Milestone Reached By DOE Joint Genome Institute
7. University Of Kentucky Biomedical Engineer Awarded Grant To Improve Joint Replacements And Dental Implants
8. NIST Machine To Aid In Making Better Artificial Joints
9. First Evidence That Localized Arthritis Gene Therapy Heals Distant Diseased Joints
10. Wiley publishes Welcome to the Genome: A Users Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future
11. Genome-wide screen reveals new tricks of old genes

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/28/2016)... Synaptics (NASDAQ: SYNA ), a leading developer of ... ended December 31, 2015. --> ... increased 2 percent compared to the comparable quarter last year to ... was $35.0 million, or $0.93 per diluted share. ... first quarter of fiscal 2016 grew 9 percent over the prior ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... , Jan. 25, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: ... at John F. Kennedy (JFK) International Airport, New York ... (CBP) identify imposters attempting to enter the United ... belong to them. pilot testing of the system ... at three terminals at JFK during January 2016. --> ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... 22, 2016 ... of the  "Global Behavioral Biometric Market ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has announced ... Biometric Market 2016-2020"  report to their ... Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has announced the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... 11, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, ... Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute exosome injection and other biological products ... Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- NX Prenatal Inc., a US based molecular ... early warning of adverse pregnancy outcomes, announced today ... Dr. Thomas McElrath of Brigham & ... (SMFM) annual meeting held in Atlanta ... presentation reported initial positive top-line results regarding the ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016  Matchbook, Inc., ... for fast growing biotech companies, announced today the ... Procurement Strategic Advisor. Jim brings nearly 25 years ... and procurement, having spent nearly two decades in ... Chain/Logistics and Procurement at Genzyme and, most recently ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... Testing (PROMPT), a research registry built on the secure online PatientCrossroads platform, has ... More than 1,600 participants have joined the PROMPT study, which seeks to advance ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: