HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UCSD biologists discover new class of genes responsible for embryonic development

Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered in the roundworm C. elegans a new class of genes necessary for the normal development of the earliest stages of embryonic development in animals.

In the May issue of the journal Developmental Biology, the UCSD researchers report the discovery of a new class of genes that regulates the asymmetric division of the first cell in the developing embryo into an unequal sized pair of cells.

"The actual mechanisms by which this happens are not well understood," says Raffi V. Aroian, an assistant professor of biology at UCSD who headed the research. "By understanding more about the genes that regulate this process, we can provide more information about one of the key questions in developmental biology-how complex organisms such as humans develop from a single-celled embryo."

In normal embryos, the larger of these cells develops into the outer layers of an organism, such as its skin and nervous system, while the smaller of the two cells develops into the inner portions, such as its muscle, gut and reproductive organs. When one of the genes in this new class is defective, however, the absence of differences between the two cells prevents the differentiation necessary for development.

"If the asymmetrical division is screwed up, the embryo is never going to make it," says Akiko Tagawa, a graduate student and the lead author of the paper, which also includes Chad A. Rappleye, another graduate student working in Aroian's laboratory. "It quickly dies."

In addition, the cells containing these mutant genes are vulnerable to bursting and shriveling. This is due to the inability of the defective embryo's cell membranes to maintain the cell's osmotic pressure, which can produce an undesirable flood of fluids into or out of the cells.

The UCSD scientists have dubbed their new class pod genes-for polarity and osmotic defective genes-because mutations in them resu
'"/>

Contact: Kim McDonald
kimmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego
30-Apr-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Tracing genes, biologists show lizard migration is traced to Florida
2. UCLA molecular biologists uproot the tree of life
3. UCSD biologists develop super-endurance strain of mice
4. Springtime blooms seen earlier now than in the past, say Boston University biologists
5. UCSD biologists discover cells defense mechanism against class of disease-causing bacterial toxins
6. U of T microbiologists achieve results with pattern recognition software
7. Parting genomes: UA biologists discover seeds of speciation
8. Carnegie Mellon U biologists identify critical player in yeast ribosome assembly
9. Plant biologists Delmer, Quail, Bennetzen elected to National Academy of Sciences
10. New York microbiologists awarded research grants in antibiotic resistance and lyme disease
11. Purdue biologists expose the inner workings of viral machine

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/20/2015)... 2015 Huntington Memorial Hospital is the first ... new miniaturized, wireless monitoring sensor to manage heart failure ... only FDA-approved heart failure monitoring device that has been ... physicians to manage heart failure. The CardioMEMS ... the pulmonary artery (PA) during a non-surgical procedure to ...
(Date:4/14/2015)... April 14, 2015  HYPR Corp. today announced ... ® ) Alliance tm , an industry consortium ... commit to share technology and collaborate to deliver ... interoperable, more secure and private, and easier to ... verification that protects sensitive user information and eliminates ...
(Date:4/13/2015)... 2015  higi, a leading cloud-based consumer engagement platform ... engage with their communities around health and wellness, announced ... secure API.  ... affordable, and convenient vehicle to receive validated health information ... The API will allow higi,s trusted partners, on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 2Huntington Memorial Hospital Becomes First in the San Gabriel Valley to Offer Patients a New Heart Failure Monitoring Solution 3HYPR Corp. Joins the FIDO Alliance 2HYPR Corp. Joins the FIDO Alliance 3higi Launches Seamless Access to HIPAA-Compliant Health Outcomes and Activity Data 2higi Launches Seamless Access to HIPAA-Compliant Health Outcomes and Activity Data 3
(Date:4/24/2015)... April 24, 2015 DryLet, LLC ... in applications such as animal waste reduction, bioremediation, ... reduction in wastewater treatment plants and restaurant kitchen ... at the National Restaurant Association’s NRA Show 2015, ... Representatives of the company will be available to ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... -- Navitas Life Sciences is delighted to announce the appointment of ... Services. Shalabh is a proven leader in Life Science consulting ... as well as a Strategy consultant at Accenture. ... ... to welcome Shalabh into this critical role and also as ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 Athena San ... development of executive women in San Diego’s technology and ... 17th Annual Pinnacle Awards at their Gala on April ... Hotel. Register now at http://athenasd.org/events/ , The ... the Athena San Diego vision of fostering networking, risk ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... Six startups from Russia traveled to ... part of the U.S.-Russia Innovation Corridor (USRIC) program. ... startups to participate in the program since the ... University of Maryland (UMD) signed a Memorandum of ... in the biomedical industry in 2013. , Supported ...
Breaking Biology Technology:DryLet to Showcase Bio-React at the National Restaurant Association’s NRA Show 2015 May 16-19, 2015 in Chicago, Illinois 2Shalabh Kumar Joins Navitas Life Sciences to Lead their Clinical and Regulatory Services Teams 2Athena Pinnacle Awards to Honor Executives, Corporations and Educators Working to Promote Women Leaders 2U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 2U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 3U.S.-Russian Innovation Corridor Program Connects Visiting Russian Startups to U.S. Experts 4
Cached News: