HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
UI researchers discover new activity in cystic fibrosis protein

Even well-studied proteins can reveal surprises. University of Iowa scientists have discovered a new enzyme activity for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CFTR is the protein that is defective in cystic fibrosis, a common life-threatening genetic disease that affects primarily the lungs and pancreas of young people. The discovery, which appeared in the Dec. 26, 2003 issue of Cell, helps solve a long-standing puzzle about how this important protein works.

CFTR forms a channel, or pore, in the membrane of airway cells. When the channel is open, the salt chloride flows through it from one side of the membrane to the other. It has been known for many years that CFTR channel opening requires a molecule called ATP and that CFTR has an enzymatic activity called ATPase that uses ATP. ATP is the energy currency of the cell and the ATPase reaction spends the energy of ATP to power enzyme activity. Because chloride flows passively through the CFTR channel, it has long seemed puzzling that the opening of CFTR would require the substantial energy of ATP. Moreover, energy from ATP is not required to fuel any other ion channel.

The UI study now reveals that CFTR can function as an adenylate kinase enzyme. Like an ATPase, the adenylate kinase reaction uses ATP. But in contrast to an ATPase, an adenylate kinase enzyme also uses a related molecule called AMP. Importantly, the adenylate kinase neither consumes nor produces energy, but it controls channel opening. The study also suggests that in normal cells it is this enzyme activity rather than the ATPase that opens the CFTR channel.

"We think that in the normal physiologic context where AMP is present, CFTR would function as an adenylate kinase," said Christoph Randak, M.D., UI postdoctoral scholar in the UI Department of Internal Medicine and lead author of the study. "Thus, the CFTR channel may function without consuming a large amount of energy."

The UI study ma
'"/>

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-335-9917
University of Iowa
27-Jan-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Belgian researchers explore revolutionary approach to angiogenesis
2. Award winning researchers reveal potential new role for Glivec
3. $7.5 Million grant to Yale researchers for role of viruses in cancer
4. New anti-inflammatory strategy for cancer therapy identified by UCSD researchers
5. Joslin researchers clarify mechanisms for beta-cell formation
6. Virginia Tech researchers to release findings on Smith River Project
7. Molecular motor myosin VI moves hand over hand, researchers say
8. ASU researchers demonstrate new technique that improves the power of atomic force micrscopy
9. Emory researchers map structure of anti-cancer molecule
10. Leukemia stem cells identified by Stanford researchers
11. EURYI Award given for the first time to 25 young European researchers

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: researchers discover new activity cystic fibrosis protein

(Date:12/17/2014)... -- Automation is fundamentally transforming the travel experience and ... borders. Over the past decade, ePassports, biometric readers, ... to self process through border control via eGates ... increasing number of airports, seaports, and land borders ... Maxine Most , Principal at Acuity Market ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... 2014  Data Sciences International (DSI), the global ... new series of digital telemetry implants to meet ... series, part of the PhysioTel™ Digital platform, was ... physiologic data when incorporating functional endpoints into repeat-dose ... toxicology studies has evolved from short ECG strips ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... --Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/xclcvw/biometrics_market ) ... Market in Japan 2014-2018" report to their ... The integration of biometrics and smart ... upgradation of the driver,s license is one of ... the aforementioned projects, biometrics is being used as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2Biometrics Market in Japan 2014-2018: Key Vendors are DDS, Fujitsu, Hitachi and NEC 2
(Date:12/22/2014)... Fertility Associates of Memphis has announced a ... a network of more than 20 contributing fertility ... fast access to a national pool of frozen ... Associates of Memphis is the only fertility clinic in ... Dr. William Kutteh , director of Fertility Associates ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Calif. , Dec. 19, 2014  Roche (SIX: ... of Bina Technologies, Inc. (Bina), a privately held ... , USA. Bina provides a big data ... generation sequencing (NGS) data. Bina,s proprietary on-market Genomic ... and academic researchers to perform fast and scalable ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Fayetteville, Arkansas (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 ... plans to locate its pilot production facility and ... further develop and produce innovative new materials that ... was chosen not only because of its historic, ... regional leaders’ efforts to attract leading edge, technology-based ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... In contrast to traditional LED lights where the ... uses proprietary LED technology to incorporate their spectra in ... is critical in low proximity installations. The Valoya L-series ... lifetime which is up to four times longer than ... cost was clearly higher when compared to traditional fluorescent ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 3Roche acquires Bina Technologies and enters the genomic informatics market 2Roche acquires Bina Technologies and enters the genomic informatics market 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 4
Cached News: