HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Understanding tuberous sclerosis

Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a prevalent inherited disease that is caused by mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 gene. By generating fruit flies deficient in TSC1, researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have been able to determine that TSC1 and TSC2 antagonize insulin signaling and thereby regulate cell growth.

TSC is characterized by the development of benign tumors throughout various bodily organs. Patients often display skin rashes, seizures and mental retardation as a result of these tumors. Although TSC affects 1 in 6000 live births, or 50,000 people in the United States and over one million people worldwide, until relatively recently the chain of biological events linking TSC gene mutation and tumorigenesis has remained unclear.

As published in Genes & Development, Dr. Duojia Pan and Dr. Xinsheng Gao have determined that TSC1 and TSC2 proteins form complexes in cells, and negatively regulate the insulin pathway in Drosophila. In Drosophila the insulin signaling pathway controls cellular growth and organ size through a multi-step enzymatic cascade. Drs. Gao and Pan found that TSC1 and TSC2 act in a parallel pathway, which converges upon the insulin pathway in such a way as to decrease the effect of insulin on promoting cell growth.

Drs. Gao and Pan found that fly cells deficient in TSC1 display increased cell size, as is also sometimes true in tumors derived from human TSC patients. Further delineation of the role of TSC1 and TSC2 in cell growth regulation will provide valuable insight into the mechanism of this disease and direct therapeutic strategies.


'"/>

Contact: Nora Poppito
poppito@cshl.org
please e-mail
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
1-Jun-2001


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Understanding celiac disease
2. Understanding nutrition labels can lead to healthier eating
3. New Understanding Evolution Web site provides one-stop-shop for nations science teachers
4. Understanding urinary tract infections
5. Salk news: Understanding organ placement
6. John Allen Paulos receives prestigious AAAS Award for Public Understanding of S&T
7. Understanding the impact of genetic technology
8. Salk news: Understanding gene function
9. Understanding obesity: New research examines how hunger signals work in the brain
10. From da Vinci to Monet: Understanding how artists can manipulate the human visual system
11. Understanding acetaminophen poisoning

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  Neurotechnology, a ... the MegaMatcher Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS) ... large-scale multi-biometric projects. MegaMatcher ABIS can process multiple ... using any combination of fingerprint, face or iris ... MegaMatcher SDK and MegaMatcher Accelerator , ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 First quarter 2016:   ... with the first quarter of 2015 The gross margin ... (loss: 18.8) and the operating margin was 40% (-13) ... Cash flow from operations was SEK 249.9 M (21.2) , ... unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. The operating margin for 2016 ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... 27, 2016 Research and ... Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ... The analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics ... during the period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics ... such as the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... June 27, 2016  Global demand for enzymes ... through 2020 to $7.2 billion.  This market includes ... cleaning products, biofuel production, animal feed, and other ... and biocatalysts). Food and beverages will remain the ... increasing consumption of products containing enzymes in developing ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... findings on what they believe could be a new and helpful biomarker for ... research. Click here to read it now. , Biomarkers are components ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... for Amgen, will join the faculty of the University of North Carolina ... professor of strategy and entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  Regular discussions on a ... take place between the two entities said Poloz. ... Ottawa , he pointed to the country,s ... the federal government. ... said, "Both institutions have common economic goals, why not sit ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: