HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
University of Cincinnati geologist finds survival benefit to evolving after mass extinctions

Cincinnati - An evolutionary group has a significantly better chance of surviving for a long time in the geologic record if it first appears right after a mass extinction.

University of Cincinnati geologist Arnold Miller will present his findings Tuesday morning Nov. 6 during the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in Boston.

Professor Miller used a database of marine fossil genera compiled by J. John Sepkoski to examine longevity trends throughout the Phanerozoic (the last 540 million years). In four separate cases, he found that genera first appearing following mass extinctions survived for longer periods of time, on average, than those that first appeared at other times.

"There was already a sense that organisms originating in the wakes of mass extinctions were generalists with respect to their geographic and environmental distributions," said Miller. "My analysis indicates that these characteristics promoted evolutionary longevity."

Miller said that the trend is apparent no matter what the ultimate cause was of each mass extinction. Genera that were more widespread, might have fared better over the long run because of a kind of "safety in geography." If a catastrophe decimated the individuals living in one region, then a genus could still survive if individuals belonging to the genus also lived in other regions.

To conduct his analysis, Miller divided the Phanerozoic into 156 "bins" or substages. Then, he looked at the average longevity of genera originating in each bin. Significant peaks in mean longevities occurred in the substages following major mass extinctions in Late Permian, Late Triassic, and Late Cretaceous-three of the "big five" extinctions of the Phanerozoic-and following a lesser, but still significant extinction at the end of the Jurassic.

"These are very sharp peaks," noted Miller, who followed up his first analysis with a number of statistical techniques to weed out art
'"/>

Contact: Chris Curran
chris.curran@uc.edu
513-556-1806
University of Cincinnati
6-Nov-2001


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
2. University of Alberta researcher looks for clues to mysterious disease
3. Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute
4. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process
5. Tufts University establishes $4 million dollar tissue engineering resource center
6. Case for IBD combination therapy comes from research at Baylor, MIT and Hebrew University
7. As informatics grows, Indiana University helps set research agenda
8. University of Arizona licenses patent for natural fungicide
9. Washington University in St. Louis plays key role in sequencing moss genome
10. University of Pittsburgh receives $10 million grant for head and neck cancer
11. Clemson University spin-off uses corn to make plastics, provide cleaner air

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/2/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... July 01, 2020 , ... ... presented its phase 1a findings of Neihulizumab, a biologic for the treatment of ... June 2020. Led by hemato-oncologist Dr. Paul J Martin of the Fred Hutchinson ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... Cure Glioblastoma, a ... most common and aggressive adult brain cancer—announced today the appointments of its first ... charged with supporting the organization’s initiatives and overall vision. , "Senior Fellows are ...
(Date:6/25/2020)... ... June 24, 2020 , ... ... software-driven clinical data services that accelerate drug development, is collaborating with Karyopharm Therapeutics ... inhibitor, in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19. This is the first study of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/7/2020)... , ... July 06, 2020 , ... ... Awards. Entries from Roche, Eli Lilly, Bristol-Myers Squibb, the University of Chicago, Massachusetts ... Bio-IT World has hosted an elite awards program, highlighting outstanding examples of how ...
(Date:7/1/2020)... ... June 30, 2020 , ... ... launch of a new clinical diagnostics immuno-oncology service, TissueInsight . TissueInsight ... , “Flagship’s TissueInsight is a service that aids pathologists, oncologists, and immunologists ...
(Date:6/28/2020)... ... June 25, 2020 , ... Lumeda Inc. (“Lumeda”), ... announced the company has entered a license agreement with Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer ... exclusive rights to Roswell Park intellectual property surrounding a novel medical device and ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2020 , ... ... solutions in complex indoor environments, announced today that Derek Fournier has been appointed ... of Chairman of the Board, effective immediately. , “DeCurtis Corporation has been ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: