University of Toronto professor finds key protein in fight against plant disease

A University of Toronto botanist has identified a protein that ultimately could provide chemical-free ways to protect crops from disease.

"Finding this protein, called DIR1, could help make it possible to genetically engineer crops that resist disease-causing organisms," says Robin Cameron, a professor of botany at U of T and the senior investigator of the study, which appears in the Sept. 26 issue of Nature. "In the long run, having a better understanding of the whole process of disease resistance in plants could eliminate the need for fungicides or bacteriocides."

When disease strikes a plant, its immune system sends up a warning "flare" telling different areas of the plant to resist infection. "This process is kind of like vaccination, only better," Cameron says. Once the signal-dependant on DIR1-is triggered by one disease, it gives the plant systemic acquired resistance (SAR) to many other diseases. The exact role of DIR1 in the signal process is not yet clear, she says.

Cameron, along with colleagues at the Salk Institute in La Jolla, Calif., the John Innes Centre in Norwich, U.K. and the Noble Foundation in Ardmore, Okla., studied a mutant strain of weed with abnormal DIR1 that does not develop SAR when exposed to a certain bacterial disease. "Our studies indicate that the normal protein, DIR1, is required to either make or move the warning signal around the plant," she says.


Contact: Nicolle Wahl
University of Toronto

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Indiana University, EPA to study airborne PCBs
2. University of Alberta researcher looks for clues to mysterious disease
3. Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute
4. Washington University in St. Louis leads group studying aging process
5. Tufts University establishes $4 million dollar tissue engineering resource center
6. Case for IBD combination therapy comes from research at Baylor, MIT and Hebrew University
7. As informatics grows, Indiana University helps set research agenda
8. University of Arizona licenses patent for natural fungicide
9. Washington University in St. Louis plays key role in sequencing moss genome
10. University of Pittsburgh receives $10 million grant for head and neck cancer
11. Clemson University spin-off uses corn to make plastics, provide cleaner air

Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/29/2015)... , Oct. 29, 2015   MedNet Solutions , ... entire spectrum of clinical research, is pleased to announce ... Tech Association (MHTA) as one of only three finalists ... "Software – Small and Growing" category. The Tekne Awards honor ... have shown superior technology innovation and leadership. ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... Oct. 29, 2015  Rubicon Genomics, Inc., today ... distribution of its DNA library preparation products, including ... new ThruPLEX Plasma-seq kit. ThruPLEX Plasma-seq has been ... of NGS libraries for liquid biopsies--the analysis of ... prognostic applications in cancer and other conditions. Eurofins ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... Oct. 29, 2015 Today, LifeBEAM ... partnership with 2XU, a global leader in technical ... smart hat with advanced bio-sensing technology. The hat ... to monitor key biometrics to improve overall training ... the two companies will bring together the most advanced ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015 The Global Genomics ... professional and in-depth study on the current state ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20141014/710132 ) , The report ... definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The ... markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , Nov. 24, 2015 Cepheid (NASDAQ: ... be speaking at the following conference, and invited investors ... York, NY      Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at ... York, NY      Tuesday, December 1, 2015 at ... Healthcare Conference, New York, NY ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... year and one of the premier annual events for pharmaceutical manufacturing: 2015 Annual ... November 2015, where ISPE hosted the largest number of attendees in more than ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... This fall, global software solutions leader SAP ... states to develop and pitch their BIG ideas to improve health and wellness in ... for votes to win the title of SAP's Teen Innovator, an all-expenses paid trip ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: