HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Using soils as filters to prevent 'crypto' from moving to the groundwater

MADISON, WI, FEBRUARY 27, 2004 Groundwater is generally considered a safe source of drinking water because pathogens are presumably filtered out during their transport through unsaturated soils. Nevertheless, pathogen-contaminated groundwater has been the cause of many disease outbreaks in the last 10 years including cryptosporidiosis caused by the protozoan pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum. Standard chlorine disinfection is not effective at killing the pathogen.

Although several "crypto" outbreaks have occurred in the U.S., the most severe problem is in Africa where both the sanitary conditions are poor and a significant portion of the population has HIV. It is especially dangerous for people with a compromised immune system because it can lead to severe diarrhea and lethal dehydration. the most notable being a cholera epidemic in London in 1854.

A study published in the February 2004 issue of Vadose Zone Journal, which was funded by the USDA-National Research Initiative program and performed at Cornell University Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, examines how C. parvum oocysts may be transported via preferential flow to groundwater.

A simulation model was developed on the basis of an existing preferential flow model. Column experiments with sandy and undisturbed structured soils were performed. Calf manure with cryptosporidiosis was applied to the columns soil surface, followed by rain. Chloride was also added as a tracer.

"Traditionally, people assume that soils filter out pathogens. This is based upon the premise that water and pathogens move slowly through all of the soil. We found that for sandy soil, where water moved rapidly through, there was indeed very little filtering initially. Surprisingly, the undisturbed, structured columns with large macropores had only a very limited breakthrough," said Tammo Steenhuis, Cornell University, who was one of the researchers of the study.

Although this study
'"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@agronomy.org
608-273-8080
American Society of Agronomy
27-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Using statistics to decipher secrets of natural mutation
2. Using science to restore habitat for declining species
3. Using a companion crop to control weeds organically
4. Using plants and microbes to purify polluted industrial wastewater
5. Using GPR to estimate tree root biomass
6. Using computational power tools to bolster systems biology
7. Using RNA interference to tune gene activity in stem cells
8. Using sewage sludge as fertilizer
9. Using the oceans living light shows to fight terrorism or track the planets most massive migration
10. Using genetic research to treat inflammatory diseases Vienna centre of excellence in biomedicine harnesses basic research
11. Using brain activity to identify risk for disorders

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Using soils filters prevent crypto from moving the groundwater

(Date:3/17/2015)... , March 17, 2015 ... company specializing in clinical study management systems, is ... in attendance at ARENA,s Outsourcing in Clinical Trials ... This event provides an excellent forum for MedNet ... flexible and affordable software-as-a-service (SaaS) eClinical technology platform. ...
(Date:3/12/2015)... Va. , March 12, 2015 IriTech, ... and a member of the Texas Instruments Design Network, ... Naidu has demonstrated its IriShield USB MK2120U device ... scanning facility for pension distribution. The ... assembled to be marketed in India ...
(Date:3/11/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/3p32qm/access_control ) ... Market by Product, Application & By Geography - Global ... offering. , This report predicts that the ... by 2020, with an estimated CAGR of 10.6%. ... types such as contact cards & readers, contactless cards ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Connect With MedNet Solutions At Outsourcing In Clinical Trials Southeast 2Indian States See IriTech's Scanner Bolstering Efficiency of Authentication for Aadhaar 2Indian States See IriTech's Scanner Bolstering Efficiency of Authentication for Aadhaar 3Global Access Control (Cards & Readers, Biometrics, Controllers, Management Software) Market 2015-2020 - Analysis of the $10 Billion Market 2
(Date:3/29/2015)... Texas , March 29, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... presentation of important study data showing the ... in 1,599 gynecologic cancer samples. Using Caris ... profiling service, researchers identified expression of programmed ... cancers independent of histology while its ligand ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... 2015  Neogen Corporation (NASDAQ: NEOG ) announced ... trading plan in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission ... of Neogen Corporation, is a minority owner of this ... Herbert does not have control of this ... is only for a portion of the shares owned ...
(Date:3/27/2015)... ROCKVILLE, Md. , March 27, 2015  CASI ... dedicated to the acquisition, development and commercialization of innovative ... the global market with a commercial focus on ... the three and 12 months ended December 31, 2014.  ... of ($1.6 million), or ($0.05) per share, for the ...
(Date:3/26/2015)... The Market Element LLC, a leading inbound ... Designing Gig LLC to provide website design, development, and ... this alliance with Designing Gig represents a pivotal moment ... comprehensive, end-to-end, digital solution for our clients, which now ... Miller, president of The Market Element. “For small and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Caris Life Sciences' Multiplatform Tumor Profiling Technology Identifies Expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Gynecologic Malignancies 2Caris Life Sciences' Multiplatform Tumor Profiling Technology Identifies Expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Gynecologic Malignancies 3Caris Life Sciences' Multiplatform Tumor Profiling Technology Identifies Expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Gynecologic Malignancies 4Neogen CEO adopts 10b5-1 Trading Plan 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 2CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 3CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 4CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 5CASI Pharmaceuticals Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter And Full Year Financial Results 6The Market Element LLC and Designing Gig LLC Form Strategic Alliance 2
Cached News: