HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Using soils as filters to prevent 'crypto' from moving to the groundwater

MADISON, WI, FEBRUARY 27, 2004 Groundwater is generally considered a safe source of drinking water because pathogens are presumably filtered out during their transport through unsaturated soils. Nevertheless, pathogen-contaminated groundwater has been the cause of many disease outbreaks in the last 10 years including cryptosporidiosis caused by the protozoan pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum. Standard chlorine disinfection is not effective at killing the pathogen.

Although several "crypto" outbreaks have occurred in the U.S., the most severe problem is in Africa where both the sanitary conditions are poor and a significant portion of the population has HIV. It is especially dangerous for people with a compromised immune system because it can lead to severe diarrhea and lethal dehydration. the most notable being a cholera epidemic in London in 1854.

A study published in the February 2004 issue of Vadose Zone Journal, which was funded by the USDA-National Research Initiative program and performed at Cornell University Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, examines how C. parvum oocysts may be transported via preferential flow to groundwater.

A simulation model was developed on the basis of an existing preferential flow model. Column experiments with sandy and undisturbed structured soils were performed. Calf manure with cryptosporidiosis was applied to the columns soil surface, followed by rain. Chloride was also added as a tracer.

"Traditionally, people assume that soils filter out pathogens. This is based upon the premise that water and pathogens move slowly through all of the soil. We found that for sandy soil, where water moved rapidly through, there was indeed very little filtering initially. Surprisingly, the undisturbed, structured columns with large macropores had only a very limited breakthrough," said Tammo Steenhuis, Cornell University, who was one of the researchers of the study.

Although this study
'"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@agronomy.org
608-273-8080
American Society of Agronomy
27-Feb-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Using statistics to decipher secrets of natural mutation
2. Using science to restore habitat for declining species
3. Using a companion crop to control weeds organically
4. Using plants and microbes to purify polluted industrial wastewater
5. Using GPR to estimate tree root biomass
6. Using computational power tools to bolster systems biology
7. Using RNA interference to tune gene activity in stem cells
8. Using sewage sludge as fertilizer
9. Using the oceans living light shows to fight terrorism or track the planets most massive migration
10. Using genetic research to treat inflammatory diseases Vienna centre of excellence in biomedicine harnesses basic research
11. Using brain activity to identify risk for disorders

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/5/2018)... ... December 03, 2018 , ... uBiome, ... PhD, assistant professor in the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at UC San ... Medical Advisory Board. Joining the board of leading scientists and doctors from around ...
(Date:12/5/2018)... ... December 04, 2018 , ... Slone Partners, North ... placement of Michael Mercer at Karius, Inc. as Chief Commercial Officer. Now responsible ... based at Karius' headquarters in Redwood City, California and report to CEO Mickey ...
(Date:12/5/2018)... ... December 04, 2018 , ... Lifecycle Biotechnologies, a ... their 100-liter (26 gallon) SAFEthread Drum. The 100-liter SAFEthread Drum follows the ... a much-needed modern redesign to the plastic drums being used globally. Manufactured ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/13/2018)... ... 13, 2018 , ... Renowned Honolulu veterinarian, Dr. Patrick Leadbeater, has begun offering ... Dr. Leadbeater, of Kahala Pet Hospital on Oahu, is a skilled surgeon ... to the island of Kauai on an almost weekly basis to perform surgery at ...
(Date:11/13/2018)... ... November 13, 2018 , ... , Park Systems, world leader in Atomic Force ... growing demand for AFM technology in China, Park Systems has decided to provide direct ... in Beijing equipped with Park AFM. , The Grand Opening of the Park Beijing ...
(Date:11/9/2018)... ... 2018 , ... IC System, one of the largest receivables ... recovery rates by creating a comprehensive contact strategy for each consumer. The ... Logix, a Jacksonville, Florida-based AI solutions company, and leveraged the decades of consumer ...
(Date:11/6/2018)... ... November 06, 2018 , ... Crucial Data ... data collection and management. TrialKit ™, an eClinical platform, has incorporated Apple’s ... quickly and easily sign in to the app via facial recognition or fingerprint ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: