HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Waddling is a good way to make up for short legs - at least for penguins, say UC Berkeley researchers

Penguins are notoriously inefficient walkers, expending twice as much energy in walking a given distance as any other animal of the same weight.

But don't blame it on their funny, waddling gait.

A new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, shows that waddling actually helps penguins conserve energy. The real problem is their short legs.

"Our findings indicate that walking is expensive for penguins not because of their waddling, but because they have such short legs that require their leg muscles to generate force very quickly when they walk," said Timothy Griffin, an integrative biology graduate student in UC Berkeley's College of Letters & Science. "When we compare penguins to animals with similar leg lengths, they burn about the same amount of calories per unit mass."

Griffin and Rodger Kram, a former assistant professor of integrative biology at UC Berkeley, report their findings in the Dec. 21/28 issue of the journal Nature. Kram is now in the Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

The results have implications not only for the ecology and evolution of penguins, but for waddling behavior in other animals, and maybe even pregnant women.

"Our knowledge gained from penguins provides novel insight into the gait mechanics of humans with increased lateral movements, such as in pregnant women or obese individuals," Griffin said. "This information may lead to improved understanding, evaluation and treatment of individuals with gait disabilities."

Griffin and Kram performed their experiments on Emperor penguins at San Diego Sea World's "Penguin Encounter" exhibit, a large refrigerated penguin city housing some half dozen penguin species. With the help of Sea World staff, the UC Berkeley scientists and their student team nudged the naturally curious penguins across a force platform to measure the side-to-side and fore-and-aft forces they exert while walking
'"/>

Contact: Robert Sanders
rls@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley
19-Dec-2000


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Hopkins scientists overcome main obstacle to making tons of short, drug-like proteins
2. New approach offers potential drug-discovery shortcut
3. Scientists develop new cloning technique that dramatically shortens the search for genes
4. Two-drug approach might shorten painful labor, reduce Caesarean sections
5. Accelerated global warming from nutrient shortages for trees and soils
6. Estrogen improves short term memory and oral reading in midlife postmenopausal women
7. Worlds protected areas suffer from $2.5 billion annual shortfall
8. Platelet refrigeration method may ease shortages for transfusions, researchers report in Science
9. Telomere shortening may be early marker of cancer activity
10. Pitt researchers find genes for depression; Play role in mood disorders, shorter lifespan
11. Strategies to boost womens multivitamin use fall short

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/20/2016)... , May 20, 2016  VoiceIt is excited ... with VoicePass. By working together, VoiceIt ...  Because VoiceIt and VoicePass take slightly different approaches ... increases both security and usability. ... about this new partnership. "This marketing ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April 28, 2016 ... a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), ... a global partnership that will provide end customers ... mobile banking and payment services.      (Logo: ... innovation area for financial services, but it also plays a ...
(Date:4/15/2016)...  A new partnership announced today will help ... in a fraction of the time it takes ... life insurance policies to consumers without requiring inconvenient ... Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) and ... weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) available at ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... The leading Regenerative Veterinary ... most experienced veterinary clients have treated over 100 of their own patients with the ... provide the highest level of care for their patients. , The veterinarians are ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... ... May 19, 2016 , ... Anton Paar USA, located in Ashland, Virginia is ... complete. The new structure adds a third office building to the current facilities. ... 2.4 acres of land, along with office space adjacent to the previous main building. ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... 2016 Regen BioPharma, ... RGBPP) announced today initiation of a preclinical development ... based cancer immunotherapeutic product leveraging its NR2F6 immunological ... a generation of cord blood derived killer cells ...  The product in development will be a "universal ...
(Date:5/18/2016)... 18, 2016 The Biotech industry continues ... mean that there are no opportunities ahead. Today, ActiveWallSt.com has ... THLD ), Seattle Genetics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... Ophthotech Corp. (NASDAQ: OPHT ). Sign up now ... http://www.activewallst.com/ Threshold Pharmaceuticals Inc.,s shares ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: