HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Wetlands clean selenium from agricultural runoff

Berkeley - Researchers from the University of California have found a natural detox program for selenium-contaminated farm runoff in the form of wetland vegetation and microbes.

Results from a two-year study by UC Berkeley researchers show that man-made wetlands in the state's San Joaquin Valley were able to remove an average of 69.2 percent of the selenium in agricultural drainage water. More significantly, some plant populations showed remarkable promise at converting selenium into a harmless gas consisting primarily of dimethyl selenide. That means less of the selenium would end up in sediment or plant tissue.

The new study, published online Wednesday, Jan. 1, in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, follows previous research at the Chevron oil refinery in Richmond, Calif. The researchers found that wetland ponds built in Richmond could take out as much as 89 percent of the selenium from millions of gallons a day of refinery discharge, preventing it from reaching San Francisco Bay.

"We thought that if wetlands could filter selenium from oil refinery wastewater, then they could probably be used for agricultural runoff," said Norman Terry, professor of plant biology at UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources and principal investigator of the study. "We're basically learning that some of the best, most efficient filters for pollutants can be found in nature."

Terry said the entire wetland ecosystem is acting as a bio-geo-chemical filter. "Everything is working in concert to take the selenium out of the drainage water," said Terry. "The extensive root system of the plants slows down the water flow so the selenium gets trapped in the sediment. The plants also provide a source of fixed carbon to fuel microbes, which metabolize the selenium into non-toxic gas. It is truly an amazing process."

The UC Berkeley research is part of a larger project funded by the UC Salinity/Drainage Program. The program involves re
'"/>

Contact: Sarah Yang
scy@pa.urel.berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley
2-Jan-2003


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. LSU Professor Emeritus wins 2001 National Wetlands Award
2. Exotic Species, Migratory Birds, Sea Level Rise, Wetlands, And Contaminants...USGS Scientists Discuss Innovative Chesapeake Bay Restoration Studies
3. Scientists To Study Effects Of Global Warming On Wetlands
4. Restoring Farm Land To Natural Wetlands Key To Stemming Flood
5. Penn State Wetlands Project Seeks Scientific Evaluation Criteria
6. Researchers Develop Model Using Birds As Indicator Of Wetlands Health
7. Clemson University spin-off uses corn to make plastics, provide cleaner air
8. New national research effort needed to secure clean, adequate water supply in coming decades
9. Biolubricants smooth way to a cleaner environment
10. A new hypothesis about autoimmunity. Is it possible to be too clean?
11. Best way to clean up toxic plumes? Give em a pill

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/5/2020)... ... , ... Regenative Labs has received approval from the Centers for Medicare & ... first Wharton’s jelly allografts to be assigned a Q code and be approved for ... Wharton’s jelly allograft product to be recognized as a 361 HCT/P by CMS regulated ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... ... July 16, 2020 , ... A study has been published ... Neoasis™ active noise control device to attenuate typical noises in a simulated neonatal ... the alarm sounds from patient monitors, ventilators and other bedside devices that would ...
(Date:7/2/2020)... ... July 01, 2020 , ... AltruBio Inc. http://www.altrubio.com ... a biologic for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (SR-aGVHD), at European ... J Martin of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, this single-arm, open-label Phase ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/12/2020)... FARMS, Mich. (PRWEB) , ... August 12, 2020 ... ... Consulting Group, Inc. (EMMA International), a global leader in FDA compliance consulting ... of the nation’s fastest-growing private companies. The list represents a unique look at ...
(Date:8/3/2020)... (PRWEB) , ... August 03, 2020 , ... ... collection, today announced Jim Corrigan, President and CEO has been named one of ... broad cross-section of industry sectors, PharmaVoice 100 honorees are selected based on how ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... R3 Stem Cell International is ... $3950. With 50 million stem cells total, patients may choose which extremities they would ... for arthritic joints (BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016). At R3 International, umbilical cord tissue is ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... ... transmitter systems that can be configured to drive Klystrons, TWTs, IOTs, and magnetrons. ... drive one or two switches in a push-pull configuration; yielding fast fall time ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: