The Tumucumaque Mountains National Park covers 9,562,770 acres (3,870,000 hectares) of remote, unexplored pristine forests in Brazil's state of Amap, stretching through the northern Amazon along the boundary with French Guyana. The park is larger than Massachusetts and Connecticut combined.
The park is part of a forest block composed of three large indigenous lands and four other protected areas. Together, the region encompasses close to 27,181,000 acres (11,000,000 hectares), one of the world's largest uninterrupted expanses of protected forests. In total, the region is slightly larger than the state of Virginia.
Tumucumaque is some 667,000 acres (270,000 hectares) larger than the world's previous biggest tropical forest park, the Salonga of the Democratic Republic of Congo's.
"With the creation of Tumucumaque Mountains National Park, we are ensuring the protection of one of the most pristine forests remaining in the world," said Brazil's President Fernando Henrique Cardoso. "Plants and animals that may be endangered elsewhere will continue to thrive in our forests forever."
At least eight primate species, 350 bird species and 37 lizard species live in these forests. Among these are several species with declining populations in other parts of their ranges, including the jaguar, giant anteater, giant armadillo, harpy eagle, the black spider monkey, the brown-bearded saki monkey and the white-faced saki monkey. An estimated 42 percent of all lizards, 31 percent of all birds and 12 percent of all primates known to exist in the entire Brazilian Amazon are found in the new park.