HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
A form of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene may protect Afro-Trinidadians from developing alcoholism

  • Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) is one of the major enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism.
  • New findings indicate that the ADH1B*3 allele may protect against the development of alcoholism.
  • At the same time, the ADH1B*3 allele may be a risk factor for liver disease most likely because it increases levels of acetaldehyde if an individual with the allele does drink.

Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) is one of the major enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism. The genes for ADH are polymorphic at two loci, ADH1B and ADH1C. While the three alleles at the ADH1B locus have previously been linked with protection from alcohol dependence, a new study is the first to examine the relationship between the ADH1B*3 allele and alcohol-related disorders among Afro-Trinidadians. Findings indicate that while the ADH1B*3 allele appears to protect against alcoholism, it can also increase the risk for liver disease among those individuals who drink heavily.

Results are published in the February issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

"Alcohol is primarily metabolized or broken down in the liver by two enzymes," explained Cindy L. Ehlers, associate professor of molecular and integrative neuroscience at The Scripps Research Institute. "The first is ADH, which converts alcohol to acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is a toxic compound that can be damaging to the liver and other body organ systems. The second enzyme is aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), which breaks down acetaldehyde to acetate, a relatively nontoxic compound."

Ehlers said that most people do not realize that people of different racial origins metabolize alcohol differently and that this influences their risk for alcoholism. "Approximately 40 percent of Asians have a mutation in ALDH that may cause them to have an aversive reaction when they drink so they are much less likely to develop alcohol dependence
'"/>


25-Jan-2007


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Does the desire to consume alcohol and tobacco come from our genetic makeup?
2. Females more prone to brain damage from alcohol abuse
3. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters brain activity in the frontal-striatal areas
4. Eat fish -- especially if you drink high levels of alcohol
5. Gene variant increases risk for alcoholism following childhood abuse
6. Spouse may drive you to drink but also can protect you from alcohol
7. Hot flashes -- Studies explore the role of genes, obesity and alcohol
8. Spousal choices can influence the risk of developing alcoholism
9. Sequence variation in the alpha synuclein gene contributes to alcohol craving
10. Cholesterol could be key to treating fetal alcohol syndrome
11. New compound prevents alcoholic behavior, relapse in animals by blocking stress response

Post Your Comments:
(Date:7/2/2015)... Research and Markets( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/jvft55/next_generation ) has ... Market by Application, Technology, Function & Geography - Global ... The next generation biometrics market is expected to ... 17.9% between 2015 and 2020 Travel & ... Safran SA ( France ), NEC ...
(Date:6/30/2015)... June 30, 2015 Genisphere announced ... CEO to help further develop Genisphere,s therapeutics capabilities and ... experience, having spent much of the last 25 years ... Baxter Bioscience, and Johnson & Johnson. Tom started his ... and Biotech Corporate Finance. He graduated from Dartmouth College ...
(Date:6/25/2015)... , June 25, 2015 ... Market by Type (Swipe & Area), Technology, Material (Optical ... Healthcare, Commercial Security & Others) & Geography - ... marketsandmarkets, the said market is expected to reach ... 17.1%. Browse 76 market Tables ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Next Generation Biometrics Market 2015 - Global Forecast to 2020 with Safran, NEC, 3M Cogent, Fujitsu & Suprema Dominating the $24 Billion Market 2Next Generation Biometrics Market 2015 - Global Forecast to 2020 with Safran, NEC, 3M Cogent, Fujitsu & Suprema Dominating the $24 Billion Market 3Genisphere Appoints New CEO, Thomas Bliss 2Genisphere Appoints New CEO, Thomas Bliss 3Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 2Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 3Fingerprint Sensors Market Worth $14,500.07 Million by 2020 4
(Date:7/30/2015)... Denmark , July 30, 2015 ... biotechnology company that applies its innovative TransCon technology ... positive top-line results from a six-month Phase 2 ... once-weekly TransCon Growth Hormone in 53 treatment-naïve, pre-pubertal ... "We are extremely pleased with the top-line ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... , ... July 30, 2015 , ... As part of its 2015 growth plan and ... and technical service business units, Whitehouse Laboratories is pleased to announce that it ... to the Container Center of Excellence and will be strictly dedicated to basic USP 51, ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 30, 2015 ... la santé, publie ses résultats pour le premier ... commente les résultats. Visionner l,interview ... http://www.eurobusinessmedia.com/ceo-direct/sanofi/sanofi-h1-2015-results-interview-with-ceo-olivier-brandicourt?utm_source=ceo-direct&utm_medium=wire Au sommaire de ... - Moteurs de croissance - ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... (Q2 2015: +14% CER / 20% of sales) led the regional performance in ... , as well as solid contributions from Korea, India ... Middle East / Africa (Q2 2015: ... , Turkey and the United Kingdom ... excluding U.S. HPV sales, on demand across all customer classes. The top seven ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 2Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 3Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 4Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 5Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 6Ascendis Pharma A/S Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 2 Pediatric Study of Once-Weekly TransCon Growth Hormone for the Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency 7Whitehouse Labs Formally Announces Plans to Open a Microbiological Laboratory 2QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 2QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 3QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 4QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 5QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 6QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 7QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 8QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 9QIAGEN Reports Results for Second Quarter and First Half of 2015 10
Cached News: