HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
A global view of gene expression in the aging kidney

Four years ago in Science, Stuart Kim, a Stanford University developmental biologist, made the case for describing the broad strokes of a complex physiological process before defining its mechanisms. "A powerful, top-down, holistic approach," he wrote, "is to identify all of the components of a particular cellular process, so that one can define the global picture first and then use it as a framework to understand how the individual components of the process fit together." To get a broad view of gene expression in the developing nematode, Kim's lab turned to DNA microarray technology. In a new study, Kim and colleagues apply this same approach to the decidedly more complex problem of human aging and "present a molecular portrait" of the aging kidney.

Kidneys came from 74 patients, ranging in age from 27 to 92. Samples were extracted from donated kidneys or "meticulously harvested" from kidneys with localized disease to ensure only normal tissue was taken. Samples were obtained from two structures that are critical to kidney function: the renal cortex, which filters plasma, and the medulla, which alters urine composition to maintain fluid balance. Both deteriorate with age.

Kim and colleagues then used DNA microarrays to determine the activity of every gene in all the kidney samples. Of 33,000 known human genes on the microarray, 985 showed age-related changes.

Although cortex and medulla have different cell types and perform different functions, their genetic aging profile was very similar, suggesting a common aging mechanism operates in both structures. In fact, these mechanisms may function broadly, as most of the age-regulated kidney genes were also active in a wide range of human tissues. Other organisms appear to lack these changes, however, prompting the authors to argue that understanding aging in humans will require human subjects.

Most importantly, the genetic profile of the tissue samples c
'"/>

Contact: Paul Ocampo
pocampo@plos.org
1-415-624-1224
Public Library of Science
29-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Revolutionary global environment fund announces $50M expansion
2. 1,000-year-old Arctic ponds disappearing due to global warming
3. Desertification: UN experts prescribe global policy overhaul to avoid looming mass migrations
4. Scientists call for global push to advance research in synthetic biology
5. Northern forests less effective than tropical forests in reducing global warming
6. UN issues analysis of global investors sustainable energy gold rush
7. Gannet population under threat from global warming
8. Yale journal examines the global impact of cities
9. Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming
10. QUT microgravity tower attracts global scientific community
11. Study warns climate change and deforestation will lead to declines in global bird diversity

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: global view gene expression the aging kidney

(Date:5/22/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... Emotion, Forensic), by Software (Middleware, Databases), by Hardware (Cameras, Integrated ... Home) - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... 2015 to $6.19 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR ... Tables and   43 Figures spread through 140 Pages ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... , May 21, 2015 The Sync ... of music for health, today announced a collaborative partnership ... The partnership will center on collaboration on original research, ... first step in the collaboration, The Sync Project and ... "Music as Medicine" in the 2015-2016 academic year.  ...
(Date:5/20/2015)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... 3D-ID LLC, a company engaged in biometric identification is ... technology portion of the recently awarded TIES (Technical Information ... the Army. 3D-ID LLC has a suite ... enforcement and security agencies. Gino Pereira ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Facial Recognition Market Worth $6.19 Billion by 2020 2Facial Recognition Market Worth $6.19 Billion by 2020 3The Sync Project Announces Partnership with Berklee College of Music's Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship 2The Sync Project Announces Partnership with Berklee College of Music's Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship 3NXT-ID, Inc Announces Participation as Member of Team Battelle for TIES Contract Award 2NXT-ID, Inc Announces Participation as Member of Team Battelle for TIES Contract Award 3
(Date:5/28/2015)... 28, 2015 BioNorth Texas (BioNorthTX), ... representing the life sciences industry in northern region ... meeting at The Foundry in Dallas on April ... brought together a broad spectrum of biotech professionals ... organization's early successes in partnering with key life ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... Mass. , May 28, 2015 RXi ... focused on discovering and developing innovative therapeutics, primarily in ... pricing of a public offering of 26 million units ... share for gross proceeds of approximately $10.4 million. Each ... (ii) a 13-month overallotment purchase right to purchase 0.50 ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... Md. , May 28, 2015  GenVec, Inc. ... and CEO, Douglas J. Swirsky , will present ... Conference at 11 a.m. EDT on Thursday, June 4, ... of Mr. Swirsky,s presentation will be available at the ... be available on GenVec,s website.  To access, visit ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... 28, 2015 The Fertility Centers of ... Dr. Danielle Vitiello has taken on a new and ... Vitiello will provide guidance, leadership, oversight and quality assurance ... Dr. Vitiello among our team of experienced reproductive endocrinologists,” ... Joseph A. Hill, M.D. “Her expertise and compassionate, individualized ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioNorthTX Holds Inaugural Board of Directors Meeting 2BioNorthTX Holds Inaugural Board of Directors Meeting 3RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces $10 Million Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces $10 Million Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 3GenVec To Present At The Jefferies Healthcare Conference 2Danielle Vitiello, MD of Fertility Centers of New England, Named New Medical Director 2
Cached News: