HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
A powerful new tool for decoding gene functions in mammals and Man

New Haven, Conn. -- A collaborative project between American and Chinese researchers developed a way to study the function of genes in mice and man by using a moveable genetic element from moths, according to a report in the journal Cell.

"We know how many genes are in the mammalian genome, but that does not tell us how they carry out their jobs," said senior author Tian Xu, Professor and Vice Chair of Genetics at Yale University School of Medicine and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. "We have found a way to systematically inactivate genes in the mouse genome so we can understand the functions of these genes."

After sequencing the human and mouse genomes, many scientists have shifted their attention to determining the function of all of those genes. The strategy is to mutate each gene, to observe the consequences, and investigate the molecular mechanisms. In the past two decades, only a small percentage of the genes shared by mice and humans have been analyzed in detail.

Genetic elements, called transposons, move from place to place in the DNA and allow material to be inserted or relocated. Bacteria swap antibiotic-resistance genes with transposons. Scientists have tailored this natural gene shuffling technique to insert genes and to mutate genes in fruit flies and simple organisms to learn the function of individual genes.

Transposons have proved to be valuable genetic tools for many organisms, but not for vertebrates and mammals. General application in mouse genetics was limited as they travel at low frequencies to limited locations, and had little capacity to carry DNA fragments.It tookXu's team six years to develop an efficient tool for genetic manipulations in vertebrates and mammals.

Xu and his colleagues at Fudan University in Shanghai, China finally chose a transposon called piggyBac that was originally identified in the cabbage looper moth. They discovered that it was stable and
'"/>

Contact: Janet Rettig Emanuel
janet.emanuel@yale.edu
203-432-2157
Yale University
12-Aug-2005


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Minuscule molecules pack a powerful punch
2. Junk DNA now looks like powerful regulator, Stanford researcher finds
3. A more powerful and efficient engine for rice: the C3-C4 challenge
4. Nanoparticles, nanoshells, nanotubes: How tiny specks may provide powerful tools against cancer
5. Collaborative Cross to provide powerful resource for mouse model researchers worldwide
6. SciFinder 2006 launches powerful new substance search capablities
7. License to kill enables powerful immune attack cells in mice
8. Broccoli packs powerful punch to bladder cancer cells
9. Genes exert powerful effect on sexual behavior
10. STN AnaVist is powerful new analysis & visualization software
11. Mosaic mouse technique offers a powerful new tool to study diseases and genetics

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/1/2016)... ( www.wocketwallet.com ) announces the launch of a new video featuring singer, ... Las Vegas , where Joey appeared at the Wocket booth to ... , where Joey appeared at the Wocket booth to meet and greet ... the Consumer Electronics Show (CES2016) in Las Vegas , ... --> --> The video is ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... January 22, 2016 ... addition of the  "Global Behavioral Biometric ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has ... Behavioral Biometric Market 2016-2020"  report to ... and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) has announced ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... Jan. 20, 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: ... solutions, today announced sampling of S1423, its newest ... and small screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, ... round and rectangular shapes, as well as thick ... with moisture on screen, while wearing gloves, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016 Strasbourg, France , ... --> Strasbourg, France , to the US ... is pleased to announce that it acted as an advisor ... in Strasbourg, France , to the US ... --> Transgene (Euronext: TNG), a member of ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... 3, 2016  With the growing need for ... is underway, therapies such as monoclonal antibodies, recombinant ... host of indications are in high demand. Conventionally ... development and production of these therapeutics. However, due ... high costs, novel approaches and novel expression systems ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , ... February 03, 2016 , ... ... established a new office dedicated to the North American healthcare market. , Aerocom ... to healthcare facilities. The company will provide new pneumatic tube systems or ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... MEDFORD, Mass. , Feb. 3, 2016  Silk Therapeutics, ... A2 financing round. Silk Therapeutics has now raised a total ... progress made by the company. The Series A2 round was ... Foxboro, Massachusetts , with participation from new investors Lear ... Sheri and Roy P. Disney ; Richard Sackler ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: