HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
A single sugar found responsible for an antibody's ability to treat inflammation

ther activating or inhibitory Fc receptors. Earlier work had shown that IVIG infusion changed this ratio of activating and inhibitory receptors on the cells that trigger inflammation, rendering the pro-inflammatory autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases, like lupus and arthritis, less inflammatory. The next logical step then, Ravetch says, was determining how the IgG molecules in IVIG preparation could have an anti-inflammatory effect.

Because a therapeutic, anti-inflammatory response to IVIG requires a concentration of IgG antibodies that's hundreds of times greater than is normally used for antibody therapy for cancer or infection, for example, Ravetch and his colleagues began to look for something that was only present in IVIG in small amounts. That's how they discovered that just the very terminal sialic acid on the Fc portions of the IgG molecule were the root of the anti-inflammatory activity. When the researchers removed the sialic acid, the molecule retained its structure and its half-life, but it lost its protective abilities. "This is a very interesting condition that's set up," Ravetch says. "IgG can shift from a state that is quite inflammatory to a state that is actively anti-inflammatory by just changing a sugar." This switch occurs during a normal immune response to a foreign substance, shifting the IgG antibodies from an anti-inflammatory state to one that is pro-inflammatory and able to efficiently dispose of the foreign challenge.

To test the theory, Ravetch and his colleagues tried enriching IVIG for the IgG molecules that contained sialic acid. They found that just enriching for this IgG species increased IVIG activity by a factor of ten, while removing it wiped out the therapeutic activity altogether. This discovery, Ravetch says, has potentially huge implications, and his lab is now working to generate a recombinant form of IgG that, by virtue of a sialic acid molecule attached in the right place, will be anti-inflammat
'"/>

Contact: Kristine Kelly
kkelly@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7146
Rockefeller University
3-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. New research proves single origin of humans in Africa
2. 5 OHSU faculty members singled out for honors
3. TU Delft tracks the influence of a cancer inhibitor on a single DNA molecule
4. Caribbean frog populations started with single, ancient voyage on South American raft
5. Caribbean frogs started with a single, ancient voyage on a raft from South America
6. The social life of honeybees coordinated by a single gene
7. Penn researchers replace organ in adult mice using single-parent stem cells
8. Scripps research study reveals structural dynamics of single prion molecules
9. New nanotechnology able to examine single molecules, aiding in determining gene expression
10. Best of both worlds -- Targeting a single gene could inhibit bone decay and stimulate bone growth
11. Scientists discuss new frontiers in single-molecule research at American Chemical Society

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/14/2015)... 14, 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces that ... 2015 New York Design Awards under the category  ,Product ... City Design Awards are part of a global multi-disciplinary ... ratings from the marketplace, industry and judging panel. Winners ...
(Date:4/13/2015)... -- higi, a leading cloud-based consumer engagement platform that provides ... their communities around health and wellness, announced today the ... ... convenient vehicle to receive validated health information from consumers. ... API will allow higi,s trusted partners, on a user ...
(Date:4/9/2015)... , April 9, 2015 Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... solutions, announced today that it will report financial results ... April 23, 2015, after the close of market. The ... and investors at 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), ... To participate on the live call, analysts and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Nominated for 2015 New York Design Awards in 'Product Design- Technology' 2NXT-ID's Wocket Smart Wallet Nominated for 2015 New York Design Awards in 'Product Design- Technology' 3higi Launches Seamless Access to HIPAA-Compliant Health Outcomes and Activity Data 2higi Launches Seamless Access to HIPAA-Compliant Health Outcomes and Activity Data 3Synaptics to Report Third Quarter Results on April 23 2
(Date:5/21/2015)... 21, 2015 Patent Offering, The patent’s ... diagnostic or therapeutic imaging within a body lumen (open ... endoscope having a low cost, single-use disposable illumination and ... was October 18, 2013 and the patent approval was ... the physician to customize the lighting and magnification of ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... ARIZ. (PRWEB) May 21, 2015 As ... Webb Medical Center (BDWMC), Sun Health Foundation funded a ... center’s new inpatient pharmacy with the most up-to-date features ... open June 2. The pharmacy's 45 staff members will ... larger 4,895-square-foot space in the coming days. , ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... 2015 /PRNewswire/ - RepliCel Life Sciences Inc. (TSX.V: ... company focused on the development of autologous cell ... the International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT) on ... currently in a Phase 1/2 clinical trial.  The ... from 5:30 PM to 7:00 PM local time, ...
(Date:5/21/2015)... Prussia, PA (PRWEB) May 21, 2015 ... O’Neill has joined the firm as senior statistician and ... 30 years of experience in the management and analysis ... biologics, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. , “We’re delighted to ... longstanding capabilities in data analytics,” said Dr. Philippe Cini, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:IpAuctions™ Presents The Worlds Smallest Disposable Illuminated Endoscope For Auction 2IpAuctions™ Presents The Worlds Smallest Disposable Illuminated Endoscope For Auction 3Sun Health Foundation Provides $3.25M to Expand, Relocate Banner Del E. Webb Medical Center Pharmacy 2Sun Health Foundation Provides $3.25M to Expand, Relocate Banner Del E. Webb Medical Center Pharmacy 3RepliCel to Present Unique Autologous Cell Treatment for Achilles Tendinosis at International Society for Cellular Therapy Conference 2RepliCel to Present Unique Autologous Cell Treatment for Achilles Tendinosis at International Society for Cellular Therapy Conference 3Julia O’Neill Joins Tunnell Consulting’s Operational and Process Improvement Practice 2
Cached News: