JOHN J. CARTY AWARD FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE a medal and prize of $25,000 awarded annually for noteworthy and distinguished accomplishment in any field of science (computational science in 2006) goes to RUSSELL F. DOOLITTLE, research professor, department of chemistry and biochemistry and division of biology, University of California, San Diego. Doolittle was chosen "for contributing seminal insights and methods for using computers as an aid to characterizing protein function, in comparing amino acid sequences, and for phylogenetic reconstructions." The award was established by the American Telephone & Telegraph Co. in honor of John J. Carty and has been awarded since 1932.
GIBBS BROTHERS MEDAL a medal and prize of $20,000 awarded every three years for outstanding contributions in the field of naval architecture and marine engineering goes to DONALD LIU, retired executive vice president and chief technology officer, American Bureau of Shipping, Houston. Liu was chosen "for first introducing finite element techniques into ship design and being the driving force behind the revolution in basing classification society rules on scientific principles." The medal was established by a bequest from William Francis Gibbs and his brother, Frederic H. Gibbs, and has been presented since 1965.
NAS AWARD FOR BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH RELEVANT TO THE PREVENTION OF NUCLEAR WAR a prize of $20,000 awarded every three years for basic research in any field of cognitive or behavioral science that uses rigorous formal and empirical methods to advance our understanding of issues relating to the risk of nuclear war goes to ROBERT JERVIS, Adlai E. St