NAS AWARD IN CHEMICAL SCIENCES a medal and prize of $15,000 awarded annually for innovative research in the chemical sciences that, in the broadest sense, contributes to the better understanding of the natural sciences and to the benefit of humanity goes to SAMUEL J. DANISHEFSKY, Eugene W. Kettering Chair and director, laboratory for bioorganic chemistry, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; and professor of chemistry, Columbia University, New York City. Danishefsky was chosen "for his wide-ranging accomplishments in natural products total synthesis and for his pioneering chemical synthesis of carbohydrates for the development of anticancer vaccines." The award, supported by The Merck Company Foundation, has been presented since 1979.
NAS AWARD FOR INITIATIVES IN RESEARCH a prize of $15,000 awarded annually to recognize innovative young scientists and to encourage research likely to lead toward new capabilities for human benefit (condensed matter/material science in 2006) goes to DAVID GOLDHABER-GORDON, deputy director of the NSF-Stanford-IBM Center for Probing the Nanoscale and assistant professor of physics, department of physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. Goldhaber-Gordon was chosen "for his fundamental studies of electron correlations in mesoscopic structures." The award, presented since 1981, was established by AT&T Bell Laboratories in honor of William O. Baker and is supported by Lucent Technologies.
NAS AWARD IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY a medal and prize of $25,000 awarded annually for a recent notable disc