HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Alcohol, stress, a family history of alcoholism, and the β-endorphin system

However, in subjects without a family history of alcoholism, alcohol dependence induces a decrease of the activity of pituitary β-endorphin, as indicated by the lower basal plasma β-endorphin levels and the lower β-endorphin response to stress." In other words, said Gianoulakis, in high-risk individuals, dysfunction in the activity of the pituitary β-endorphin system predates the development of alcoholism; while in low-risk individuals, dysfunction develops following alcohol dependence.

"The second important finding is that when participants of all four groups ingested a small amount of alcohol, the equivalent of about two standard drinks, the stress task performed 30 minutes after the drink did not increase the release of β-endorphin," said Gianoulakis. "Thus, prior alcohol consumption blocked or decreased the β-endorphin response to stress regardless of family history of alcoholism and presence of alcohol dependence."

Gianoulakis added it was important to note that stress dysfunction can both act as a mediator of alcohol dependence and occur as a consequence of alcohol dependence. "The major objective of a biological response to stress is to help that individual cope with a stressful situation," she said. "A low response to stress may compromise an individual's ability to cope, so that he or she feels the need to search for alternative ways to cope with stress, one of which could be drinking, eventually leading to alcohol dependence. Conversely, we also found that alcohol dependence can induce a decrease of the β-endorphin response to stress in individuals without a family history of alcoholism, eventually compromising their responses to stress and his or her ability to cope with stressful situations. They may cope with subsequent stress by increasing alcohol consumption, which not only prevents recovery of the stress response but may also induce a further dysfunction of the
'"/>


14-Nov-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Antibiotic stress, genetic response and altered permeability of E. coli
2. Neuroscientist Robert Sapolsky will discuss stress, health, Feb. 17 at AAAS meeting
3. Constant din of barking causes stress, behavior changes in dogs in shelters
4. Reflecting on personal values offers protection from effects of stress, UCLA psychologists report
5. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
6. Amoebae control cheating by keeping it in the family
7. Breast cancer prognosis runs in the family
8. Revelle family endows UC San Diego chair honoring Roger Revelle
9. Discovery of new family of pseudo-metallic chemicals
10. Aging boosts chances that a family line will be long-lived
11. A rarity among arachnids, whip spiders have a sociable family life

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Alcohol stress family history alcoholism and the endorphin system

(Date:8/5/2015)... 2015 Transparency Market Research has ... - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and ... recognition is forecast to reach US$ 2,671.8 Mn by ... surveillance systems by civil and government agencies. This is ... terrorist activities across the globe that would elevate the ...
(Date:8/3/2015)... , Aug. 3, 2015 Synaptics, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... solutions, today announced that members of the executive management ... Pacific Crest Global Technology Leadership Forum on Tuesday, August ... will be held at the Sonnenalp Resort in ... presentation may include forward-looking information. An audio webcast of ...
(Date:7/31/2015)... , Chine, 31 juillet 2015 ... www.icg-10.org ) sera organisée par le BGI ... Shenzhen en Chine. ... Depuis son inauguration en 2006, l,ICG est devenue ... dans le domaine des « omiques » et c,est aussi ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 2Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 3Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 4Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 5Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 6La 10e International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) doit s'ouvrir en octobre 2La 10e International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) doit s'ouvrir en octobre 3
(Date:8/27/2015)... 2015  Neogen Corporation (NASDAQ: NEOG ) announced ... United Kingdom -based Lab M Holdings, a ... diagnostic systems. Lab M was founded ... of microbial testing and diagnostic products for the global ... currently sells into more than 70 countries worldwide, and ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Aug. 27, 2015 ... second annual meeting of the Japan Society of HTLV-1, ... Science Institute Auditorium. The purpose of the Society is ... well as the development of medical technology and research ... health and welfare. "HUYA is proud to ...
(Date:8/27/2015)... , ... August 27, 2015 , ... ... Medicine, recently presented new data on the relationship of genetics and hypertension at ... Congress on Heart Disease in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The event, which boasts ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , Aug. 26, 2015  The Diabetes ... the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, ... clinical trial to test for the first time ... successfully completed.  This FDA approved Phase I/II study ... transplantation and is an important first step toward ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Neogen acquires U.K.-based Lab M Holdings 2HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 2HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 3HUYA Bioscience International Sponsors Japan Society Of HTLV-1 Annual Meeting 4Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 2Proove Biosciences Presents Ground-Breaking Data on Genetics and Heart Disease at 20th World Congress on Heart Disease 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 2Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 4
Cached News: