HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Alcohol, stress, a family history of alcoholism, and the β-endorphin system

However, in subjects without a family history of alcoholism, alcohol dependence induces a decrease of the activity of pituitary β-endorphin, as indicated by the lower basal plasma β-endorphin levels and the lower β-endorphin response to stress." In other words, said Gianoulakis, in high-risk individuals, dysfunction in the activity of the pituitary β-endorphin system predates the development of alcoholism; while in low-risk individuals, dysfunction develops following alcohol dependence.

"The second important finding is that when participants of all four groups ingested a small amount of alcohol, the equivalent of about two standard drinks, the stress task performed 30 minutes after the drink did not increase the release of β-endorphin," said Gianoulakis. "Thus, prior alcohol consumption blocked or decreased the β-endorphin response to stress regardless of family history of alcoholism and presence of alcohol dependence."

Gianoulakis added it was important to note that stress dysfunction can both act as a mediator of alcohol dependence and occur as a consequence of alcohol dependence. "The major objective of a biological response to stress is to help that individual cope with a stressful situation," she said. "A low response to stress may compromise an individual's ability to cope, so that he or she feels the need to search for alternative ways to cope with stress, one of which could be drinking, eventually leading to alcohol dependence. Conversely, we also found that alcohol dependence can induce a decrease of the β-endorphin response to stress in individuals without a family history of alcoholism, eventually compromising their responses to stress and his or her ability to cope with stressful situations. They may cope with subsequent stress by increasing alcohol consumption, which not only prevents recovery of the stress response but may also induce a further dysfunction of the
'"/>


14-Nov-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Antibiotic stress, genetic response and altered permeability of E. coli
2. Neuroscientist Robert Sapolsky will discuss stress, health, Feb. 17 at AAAS meeting
3. Constant din of barking causes stress, behavior changes in dogs in shelters
4. Reflecting on personal values offers protection from effects of stress, UCLA psychologists report
5. U-M researchers find family of on switches that cause prostate cancer
6. Amoebae control cheating by keeping it in the family
7. Breast cancer prognosis runs in the family
8. Revelle family endows UC San Diego chair honoring Roger Revelle
9. Discovery of new family of pseudo-metallic chemicals
10. Aging boosts chances that a family line will be long-lived
11. A rarity among arachnids, whip spiders have a sociable family life

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Alcohol stress family history alcoholism and the endorphin system

(Date:2/5/2015)... Epic Sciences , a precision diagnostics company dedicated to improving ... , Ph.D., president and CEO, is scheduled to present at ... Valley, which is taking place at the Computer History Museum ... 26-28, 2015. Dr. Prahalad will give a ... Epic Sciences was a finalist in the PMWC,s Most Promising ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... -- New Market Research Reports Title Global ... 2020 has Been Added to GrandViewReseach.com Report Database ... reach USD 5.10 billion by 2020, according to a ... help identify the site of tissue damage in case ... in medical imaging applications. They have been extensively used ...
(Date:2/5/2015)... JOLLA, Calif. , Jan. 30, 2015  It ... the great power and potential for genomic science as ... aid in disease prevention and treatment.  I was honored ... potential new, government-funded precision medicine program. ... advancing the science of genomics—from the first sequenced genome ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Epic Sciences to Present at Personalized Medicine World Conference 2015 on the Use of Circulating Tumor Cells as Cancer Biomarkers 2IR Camera Market Worth $5.10 Billion By 2020: Grand View Research, Inc. 2IR Camera Market Worth $5.10 Billion By 2020: Grand View Research, Inc. 3J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., Co-Founder and CEO, Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI) Participates in White House Precision Medicine Event 2
(Date:2/26/2015)... 2015 On behalf of biotech client ... Wilentz, Goldman & Spitzer, P.A. (Wilentz) secured ... against Genewiz Inc. in excess of $10 million. The ... trade secrets, and that it improperly hired one or ... order denying motions for judgment notwithstanding the verdict, a ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... Calif. , Feb. 26, 2015 The healthcare ... this ever-changing arena, Frost & Sullivan will host its ... Sullivan Executive MindXchange , March 8 to 10, at the ... Diego, Calif. This event is a ... healthcare leaders to discuss industry disruptions and how to succeed ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... The Pittcon 2015 Exposition, which takes ... Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, Louisiana, will ... 2015) displaying products and services used by the ... The Exposition will offer the latest innovations in ... chemistry; drug discovery; nanotechnology; life sciences to include ...
(Date:2/26/2015)... February 26, 2015 Innovation is ... emerging from unexpected parts of the world and ... From agriculture to manufacturing to health care, disruption ... environmental realities and socio-political trends shake the foundations ... key ingredient for CEOs to survive the next ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 2Wilentz Client GenScript Awarded $10 Million in Trade Secrets Case Against Genewiz 3Embrace the Future of Medical Technologies with Frost & Sullivan 2Embrace the Future of Medical Technologies with Frost & Sullivan 3Pittcon 2015 Announces Exposition Highlights 2One Million Acts of Innovation Canada Creates Partnership with The Economist Events’ Innovation Forum 2
Cached News: