HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Algae provide new clues to cancer

A microscopic green alga helped scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies identify a novel function for the retinoblastoma protein (RB), which is known for its role as a tumor suppressor in mammalian cells. By coupling cell size with cell division, RB ensures that cells stay within an optimal size range.

Their findings, which will be published in the October 13 online edition of PLoS Genetics, show that RB blocks cells from dividing before they reach a minimum size and could provide new insights into the origins of cancer.

"Being the right size is very important for cells because their physiology changes quite dramatically when the surface-to-volume ratio changes," explains senior author James Umen, Ph.D., an assistant professor and Hearst Endowment Chair in Salk's Plant Biology Laboratory. "The human body is composed of trillions of cells, each of which must coordinate its growth and division in order to maintain size equilibrium," he adds.

This process is very tightly regulated and any given cell type will always stay within a very narrow size range, but the means by which cell size is determined remain mysterious. In proliferating cells, control mechanisms termed checkpoints are thought to prevent cells from dividing until they reach a specific size, but the nature of the checkpoints has proved difficult to dissect.

Understanding how cells balance the opposing processes of growth and division in order to achieve size control is more than just a fascinating intellectual pursuit for cell biologists: loss of size control is a hallmark of cancer cells, which exhibit severe defects in regulating growth and division.

"In mammalian cells it is very hard to separate size control from cell cycle control because it is very easy to mess up cell size as an indirect consequence of manipulating cell cycle rates," says Umen.

The tiny single-celled alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii provided a model orga
'"/>

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
kirchweger@salk.edu
858-453-4100 x1340
Salk Institute
12-Oct-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Algae toxin identification unravels fish-kill mystery
2. Algaes protein tails create motion and aid munching
3. New study suggests Concord grape juice may provide protection against breast cancer
4. Female gender provides an advantage in renal diseases
5. Forecasting system provides flood warnings to vulnerable residents of Bangladesh
6. Discovery of new protein could provide new understanding of male fertility
7. Einstein researchers prototype vaccine could provide improved protection against tuberculosis
8. Genomics study provides insight into the evolution of unique human traits
9. Expert to provide update after worst tomato virus hits California
10. Study provides new data about the laws governing embryo development in organisms
11. Sea anemone genome provides new view of our multi-celled ancestors

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Algae provide new clues cancer

(Date:4/2/2015)... HAMBURG, Germany , April 2, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... ten fingerprint tests DERMALOG by far outperforms the ... While always maintaining high accuracy, the system is ... second. Hence, the speed proves up to be ... 40% faster than its runner-up performance. ...
(Date:4/2/2015)... -- Fingerprint Cards (FPC) has received an ... distributor World Peace Industrial Group (WPI), part of WPG ... major part of the shipments will take place during ... manufacturers in China . The order ... revenue guidance of + 1 000 MSEK for 2015.  ...
(Date:3/31/2015)... , March 31, 2015  Elephant Talk Communications ... a global provider of Software Defined Network Architecture (ET ... announced total revenue of approximately $20.4 million for the ... restated $19.5 million for the year ended December 31, ... 2014, the Company had completed its multi-year transition away ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 2DERMALOG AFIS Emerges as Performance Winner in NIST Benchmark Test 3Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 110 Million 2Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 2Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 3Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 4Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 5Elephant Talk Reports 2014 Fourth Quarter and Year End Financial Results 6
(Date:4/24/2015)... , April 24, 2015  Pfenex Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... of biosimilar therapeutics including high value and difficult to ... public offering of 6,000,000 shares of its common stock ... share. Of the shares being offered, 2,610,000 are being ... being offered by existing stockholders. Pfenex will not receive ...
(Date:4/24/2015)... BOSTON , April 24 , 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... leading global biopharmaceutical services provider, today announced that Partnerships ... Senior Director, Product Management, the 2015 Clinical Innovator of ... the product development team for the Company,s Perceptive MyTrials ... accepting the award Thursday night during the 2015 Partnership ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... Diego, CA (PRWEB) April 23, 2015 ... and personal development of executive women in San Diego’s ... of the 17th Annual Pinnacle Awards at their Gala ... Grand Hyatt Hotel. Register now at http://athenasd.org/events/ ... who support the Athena San Diego vision of fostering ...
(Date:4/23/2015)... 2015 BioTE Medical President and Founder ... Live Happier - Avoiding Over-Medication through Natural Hormone Balance" ... Group Conference at JW Marriott / Ritz Carlton Grande ... Healthier Live Happier, is a welcomed response to many ... for a higher quality of life thanks to bio-identical ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pfenex Inc. Announces Pricing Of Follow-on Offering 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 2PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 3PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 4PAREXEL Honored With 2015 Clinical Innovator Of The Year Award From Partnerships In Clinical Trials 5Athena Pinnacle Awards to Honor Executives, Corporations and Educators Working to Promote Women Leaders 2Release and Book Signing of BioTE Medical President Gary Donovitz M.D. 'Age Healthier Live Happier' at Age Management Medicine Group (AMMG) Conference 2Release and Book Signing of BioTE Medical President Gary Donovitz M.D. 'Age Healthier Live Happier' at Age Management Medicine Group (AMMG) Conference 3
Cached News: