HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Ancient fossil offers new clues to brown bears past

Fairbanks, AlaskaWhile nosing around the Quaternary mammal collection at the Provincial Museum of Alberta two years ago, Paul Matheus, a paleontologist with the Alaska Quaternary Center, came across a brown bear fossil that seemed out of place. The fossil had been collected by Jim Burns, curator of Quaternary mammals at the PMA a few years earlier near Edmonton, Alberta, in gravels that date to before the last ice age (older than 24,000 years). If this was true, Matheus thought, it could be a very important find. Burns loaned the specimen to Matheus so he could take it back to the University of Alaska Fairbanks to confirm its age using radiocarbon dating methods. Results showed the bear was indeed about 26,000 years old, and the two researchers realized the fossil's signficance--the history of brown bears in North America would have to be rewritten.

The ancestors of modern brown bears in North America are believed to have migrated from Asia to Alaska and Yukon (then a part of Beringia) between 50,000 and 100,000 years ago, and old brown bear fossils are not particularly uncommon in Beringia. Between roughly 13,000-23,000 years ago, the route from Beringia to areas of the continent further south was blocked by continental glaciers, so brown bears were more or less bottled up in Beringia. The oldest brown bear fossils south of Beringia, in areas like southern Canada and the northern U.S., are about 12,000-13,000 years old, so paleontologists concluded that's when they first arrived.

"It's always been a mystery, though, why brown bears didn't migrate farther south if they were in Beringia as early as 100,000 years ago and the passage south wasn't blocked by glaciers until about 23,000 years ago," said Matheus. "The discovery of the Edmonton specimen indicates that brown bears migrated south much earlier than previously thought."

The recent findings and their implications, are the subject of an article in the Nov. 12 issue of the journal Sc
'"/>

Contact: Paul Matheus
ffpem@uaf.edu
867-456-7551
University of Alaska Fairbanks
12-Nov-2004


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic
2. Ancient Etruscans were immigrants from Anatolia, or what is now Turkey
3. Ancient DNA traces the woolly mammoths disappearance
4. Ancient amphibians evolved a bite before migrating to dry land
5. Ancient T. rex and mastodon protein fragments discovered, sequenced
6. Ancient coral reef tells the history of Kenyas soil erosion
7. Ancient genes used to produce salt-tolerant wheat
8. Ancient climate change may portend toasty future
9. Ancient ape ruled out of mans ancestral line
10. Ancient predator had strongest bite of any fish, rivaling bite of large alligators and T. rex
11. Ancient birds flew on all-fours

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/26/2016)... LONDON , April 26, 2016 ... EdgeVerve Systems, a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: ... a partnership to integrate the Onegini mobile security ... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151104/283829LOGO ) The ... enhanced security to access and transact across channels. ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... Israel , April 14, 2016 ... Authentication and Malware Detection, today announced the appointment of ... assumed the new role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment ... on the heels of the deployment of its platform ... BioCatch,s behavioral biometric technology, which discerns unique cognitive and ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... March 23, 2016 ... Sicherheit Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern ... (NASDAQ: MESG ), ein führender Anbieter ... Unternehmen mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals dessen ... wird die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen mobiler ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 29, 2016 , ... Summit for Stem Cell has received a $250,000 grant ... stem cell therapy for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. The Summit research project is ... Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, CA. , The aim of of ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... Hill, Conn. (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2016 ... ... of financing and ongoing support for Connecticut's innovative, growing companies, today announced the ... digital health and financial technology (fintech) companies. , “VentureClash looks to ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments (SSI) will be showcasing ... Conference and Expo. Shimadzu’s high-performance instruments enable laboratories to test cannabis products for ... stop by booth 1021 to learn how Shimadzu’s instruments can help improve QA/QC ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... The Board of Directors of Biohaven ... Tilton as Chief Commercial Officer.  Mr. Tilton joined Biohaven from Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ... responsible for the commercialization of multiple orphan drug indications. Mr. Tilton has ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: