HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Ape gestures offer clues to the evolution of human communication

Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, have found bonobos and chimpanzees use manual gestures of their hands, feet and limbs more flexibly than they do facial expressions and vocalizations, further supporting the evolution of human language began with gestures as the gestural origin hypothesis of language suggests. This study appears in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Working with two groups of bonobos (13 animals) and two groups of chimpanzees (34 animals), Yerkes researchers Amy Pollick, PhD, and Frans de Waal, PhD, distinguished 31 manual gestures and 18 facial/vocal signals. They found both species used facial/vocal signals similarly, but the same did not hold true for the manual gestures. Rather, the researchers found both within and between species the manual gestures were less closely tied to a particular emotion and, thereby, serve a more adaptable function. For example, a single gesture may communicate an entirely different message depending upon the social context in which it is used.

"A chimpanzee may stretch out an open hand to another as a signal for support, whereas the same gesture toward a possessor of food signals a desire to share," said Pollick. "A scream, however, is a typical response for victims of intimidation, threat or attack. This is so for both bonobos and chimpanzees, and suggests the vocalization is relatively invariant," Pollick continued.

By studying similar types of communication in closely related species, researchers are able to determine shared ancestry. We know gestures are evolutionarily younger than facial expressions and vocalizations, as shown by their presence in apes and humans but not in monkeys. "A gesture that occurs in bonobos and chimpanzees as well as humans likely was present in the last common ancestor," said Pollick. "A good example of a shared gesture is the open-hand begging gesture, used by both ap
'"/>

Contact: Emily Rios
erios@rmy.emory.edu
404-727-7732
Emory University
30-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. New blood test might offer early warning of deep belly fat
2. UCF nanoparticle offers promise for treating glaucoma
3. Lucky 13 as new gene discovery offers further hope for childhood blindness
4. Largest synthetic gene ever built offers insights into anti-malarial drug resistance
5. Soils offer new hope as carbon sink
6. Gene therapy offers new hope for treatment of peripheral neuropathy
7. Sheep offer model for undernourishment in pregnant teen girls
8. Study of protein folds offers insight into metabolic evolution
9. Soy estrogens and breast cancer: Researcher offers overview
10. NIST building software offers green product advice
11. Scientists offer new view of photosynthesis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/27/2016)... Ohio , Jan. 27, 2016  Rite Track, ... based in West Chester, Ohio ... award winning service staff, based in Austin, ... capacity and ability to provide modifications, installations and technical ... Dovalina , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has provided ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... DUBLIN , Jan. 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Global ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "Global Biometrics Market in ... offering. --> Research and ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... JOSE, Calif. , Jan. 20, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced sampling ... controller solution for wearables and small screen applications ... such as printers. Supporting round and rectangular shapes, ... S1423 offers excellent performance with moisture on screen, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... 8, 2016  BioElectronics Corporation (OTC Pink: BIEL), ... today that it is responding to a notice ... Securities and Exchange Commission posted on the agency ... of the Board of BioElectronics Corporation and the ... at The Fuqua School of Business, Duke University.   ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... has an active R&D program for the development ... the Group has a unique research and development center in ... developing Bio Control products. Stockton has ... and regulatory guidelines, and is active in more than 35 ... Stockton,s flagship product Timorex Gold ® ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- ATCC, the premier global biological materials resource and ... life science researchers that are working to address the ... CDC website . --> CDC website ... single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family, genus Flavivirus, ... Viruses. Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily through ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... Morf ... today announced an interactive FDA compliance training course, Writing Effective ... Professional Society) accredited interactive course on Morf Playbook—now conveniently available on smartphones and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: