HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Bacteria which sense the Earth's magnetic field

The entire bacterium is oriented like a compass needle inside the magnetic field. Until now, it was not clear how the cells organise magnetosomes into a stable chain, against their physical tendency to collapse by magnetic attraction. But using modern molecular-genetic and imaging processes, researchers from the Max Planck Institue for Marine Microbiology in Bremen and Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried, Germany have identified the protein responsible for creating the magnetosome chain. The scientists showed that this protein aligns the magnetosomes along a cytoskeletal structure which was previously unknown. This points to evidence that genetics regulate the magnetosome chain exactly. The structure is one of the most complex that has ever been found in bacterial cells. It is comparable to organelles that, until now, scientists had only been familiar with in higher organisms. (Nature, Advanced Online Publication, November 20, 2005).

Magnetotactic bacteria are widespread in the mud of marine environments. In their cell interior, they form magnetosomes which are aligned into a chain. The bacteria use them to distinguish "up" from "down" in the Earth's magnetic field, and navigate themselves confidently through layers of water to efficiently find optimal growth conditions. The magnetosomes are made of tiny crystals of the magnetic iron mineral magnetite (Fe3O4) -- only about 50 nanometres in size (one nanometre = one millionth of a millimetre).

To build magnetosomes, the cells do not only have to take up large amounts of iron from their surroundings and, from it, produce special iron oxide. The crystals also have to have a exactly defined number, form, and size, in order to be effective magnetic field sensors. To function optimally, the magnetosome crystals have to be strung into a straight chain inside the cell, thereby summing their magnetic moments. Only such a chain structure allows the magnetosomes to behave together like a compass
'"/>

Contact: Dr. Dirk Schler
dschuele@mpi-bremen.de
49-421-202-8746
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
20-Nov-2005


Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. Bacteria may not hasten death
2. A friendly foe -- Bacteria residing in the gut boost immune response to tumors
3. Bacteria ferry nanoparticles into cells for early diagnosis, treatment
4. Bacteria show promise in fending off global amphibian killer
5. Bacteria control how infectious they become, study finds
6. Better together: Bacterial endosymbionts are essential for the reproduction of a fungus
7. Bacterial response to oxidation studied as toxin barometer
8. Bacteria from patients dental plaque causes ventilator-associated pneumonia
9. Bacterial walls come tumbling down
10. Bacteria could steady buildings against earthquakes
11. Bacteria research offers hope for new vaccine against meningococci

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/28/2020)... Switzerland (PRWEB) , ... June ... ... provider of enterprise software solutions for biopharmaceutical R&D, today announced that it ... company developing innovative, full-length multispecific antibodies (Multiclonics®), to support their translational and ...
(Date:6/23/2020)... ... ... The field of quantitation of large molecules or proteins has been around for ... use of mass spectrometry in this field has gained a lot of momentum in ... which approach to use (LBA or MS)?” In many cases, either technology can ...
(Date:6/19/2020)... ... , ... Join experts from Envigo Lauren Klaskala, Project Manager – ... on Wednesday, July 8, 2020 at 11am EDT (4pm BST/UK). , Nuclease-based technologies ... However, while modifying the genome may be more straightforward, the challenge to create an ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... G-CON Manufacturing, the ... new tagline, “BUILDING FOR LIFE.” The adoption of this taglines comes at a ... fast track capacity to provide patients with urgently needed vaccines and other lifesaving ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 29, 2020 , ... Editas Medicine, Inc. ... of advanced delivery technologies, development, and manufacturing solutions for drugs, biologics, cell and ... a strategic partnership whereby Catalent will provide support for the development, manufacturing, and ...
(Date:7/31/2020)... ... July 30, 2020 , ... Alucio™, ... announced the release of its signature product called Beacon - a content ... other field medical professionals. , Beacon helps MSLs streamline communication and ...
(Date:7/18/2020)... MILWAUKEE (PRWEB) , ... July 16, 2020 , ... “We ... at Third Wave Bioactives. “It’s the only technology of its kind on the market ... flavor of onions with the protective capacity of traditional cultured ingredients, creating a natural ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: