In fact, adding the "anti-angiogenesis inhibitor" bevacizumab (Avastin) to standard chemotherapy extended median survival beyond one year for the first time among patients with advanced non-small cell, non-squamous lung cancer, reported Alan Sandler, M.D., principal investigator of the multi-center study and director of Thoracic Oncology at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.
As a result of the study conducted through the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, ECOG recommends the regimen of bevacizumab plus the chemotherapies paclitaxel and carboplatin (PCB) as the new standard treatment for patients with this stage and type of lung cancer.
"These results show, for the first time, an improvement in survival with the addition of a targeted agent to standard chemotherapy in this patient population, and first time median survival has been extended beyond one year in advanced, non-small cell lung cancer," Sandler said.
The study enrolled 878 patients with advanced, non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer between July 2001 and April 2004. Of those, 444 were randomly assigned to receive paclitaxel and carboplatin, considered the standard therapy, and 434 were assigned to receive the chemo combination plus bevacizumab.
Median survival the point at which half the patients enrolled in the study had died was 12.5 months for patients who received bevacizumab plus chemotherapy compared to 10.2 months for patients who received standard chemotherapy alone.
"We also observed improvements in patient benefit with the bevacizumab arm, including the time between enrollment and when tumors began growing again and the proportion o
Contact: Cynthia Floyd Manley
Vanderbilt University Medical Center