HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Bone and cartilage growth to blame for heart valve disease

Research to be published in the April 18 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology provides the first explanation of an active rather than passive process that leads to heart valve degeneration, furthering a Northwestern researcher's effort to lead a paradigm shift in the medical community's beliefs about the cause of valve disease.

Heart valve disease is caused not by a 'wear and tear' phenomenon, but by an inflammatory process likely triggered by high cholesterol that stimulates certain cells to reprogram into bone cells in the aortic valve and cartilage cells in the mitral valve, says principal investigator Nalini Rajamannan, MD, newly appointed director of the Center for Heart Valve Disease in the Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute of Northwestern Memorial Hospital and assistant professor of medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, who examined diseased mitral and aortic valves removed during surgery for the study.

"Common wisdom in the medical community has always been that thickening of the mitral valves was part of the aging process as deposits of calcium, a mineral found in the blood, built up on the valves. Therefore, research has never focused on preventing the problem," says Dr. Rajamannan. "Currently the only option is to surgically repair or replace the damaged valves. Our findings open the door to the idea that medical therapies such as statins may be able to play a role in preventing or slowing the process and curtailing the need for surgery."

Valvular heart disease is on the rise with the aging of the United States population, and is second only to coronary artery disease as a cause for open heart surgery. Heart valve disease leads to 100,000 surgeries in the U.S. each year to repair or replace damaged valves. Mitral valve disease is a leading cause of atrial fibrillation, which is a major culprit in strokes and heart failure. Aortic valve disease can lead to heart failure, arrhythmia,
'"/>

Contact: Amanda Widtfeldt
awidtfel@nmh.org
312-926-2955
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
11-Apr-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Woven scaffolds could improve cartilage repair
2. Signaling for cartilage
3. Phytochemicals may protect cartilage, prevent pain in joints
4. Injectable gel could speed repair of torn cartilage
5. Shark cartilage cancer cure shows danger of pseudoscience
6. Circadian clock controls plant growth hormone
7. Defects in critical gene lead to accelerated lung tumor growth
8. Chickadee, nutchatch presence in conifers increases tree growth, says CU-Boulder study
9. Steroids, not songs, spur growth of brain regions in sparrows
10. A new method of adult stem cell growth efficacious in treatment of disorders of the cornea
11. Antibody retards growth and induces death in liver cancer cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Bone and cartilage growth blame for heart valve disease

(Date:10/16/2014)... 2014) – Post-menopausal women experienced improvements in vaginal ... or genital bleeding, after 12 weeks of daily ... soy germ-based nutritional supplement previously shown to help ... peer-reviewed pilot study reported in a poster at ... meeting. , "These data documented improved vaginal ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... non-traditional biophysics textbook and it describes how life functions ... discovery into biological systems and provides an understanding of ... about how our genes make proteins that control the ... in an organism. It quantifies the principles of life ... found on both large and small scales. The book ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... SHELTON, Conn. , Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. ... a biometric authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market ... NASDAQ MarketSite in Times Square on Monday October 13 th . ... with CTO David Tunnel and angel investor Mr. ... Gino Pereira , CEO of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2New book about life as seen from physics 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014  Actavis plc (NYSE: ... and Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company, today announced that Actavis ... wholly owned subsidiary, Rhythm Health, Inc., which is developing ... of diabetic gastroparesis and other GI functional disorders. ... trial of relamorelin for the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Involution Studios , a healthcare software design ... Understanding Ebola . The goal of the ... follow informative tool for anyone wanting to know more ... , "As the news has spread in all directions ... not only a healthcare crisis with global impact, but ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... 2014 Physicians Choice Laboratory Services ... menu, which enables healthcare providers to individualize therapeutic ... evidence-based results, healthcare providers are better able to ... while minimizing risks for adverse drug reactions and ... the FDA [1] more than 2.2 million adverse ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 Nuvilex, Inc. ... approximately 400 million people worldwide are living with diabetes, ... people by 2030.  The global market for diabetes treatments ... approximately 330,000 people worldwide died from pancreatic cancer.  Pancreatic ... due to cancer in the United States ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 2Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 4Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 5Involution Studios' Ebola Infographic Provides Key Disease Information and Statistics at a Glance 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 3Nuvilex Brief Analyst Report: Thinking Outside the Box by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2
Cached News: