HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Brain's cannabinoid system 'mellows' seizures

ced seizures increased in the mice. In fact, their experiments all but ruled out the role of GABAergic neurons in the seizure-protection function, they concluded.

"Altogether, these results confirm that physiological endocannabinoid-dependent control of GABAergic transmission depends on intact CB1 signaling in GABAergic interneurons and suggest that the endocannabinoid system does not influence GABAergic transmission during the development of KA-induced seizures," they concluded. "Therefore, direct modulation of glutamatergic transmission by CB1 receptors expressed on cortical glutamatergic neurons appears to be the major mechanism of endocannabinoid-mediated protection against KA-induced seizures."

Furthermore, the researchers' experiments established that endocannabinoid receptors were also present in the same glutamatergic neurons in areas of the hippocampus known to be central to seizure generation. The researchers wrote that this finding "represents a novel step in understanding the progression of acute excitotoxic seizures and the development of epileptic states."

And significantly, when the researchers used a targeted virus to knock out the CB1 gene for the endocannabinoid receptor specifically in the glutamatergic neurons of the hippocampus, the mice also showed strong worsening of chemically induced seizures in comparison to mice still expressing CB1.

"Altogether, these observations support a hypothetical scenario in which acute KA-induced excitotoxic seizures would activate the endocannabinoid system in respect to its ability to inhibit only 'harmful' glutamatergic transmission, but not 'protective' GABAergic release," concluded Lutz, Marsicano, and colleagues.

"In conclusion, our study reveals a mechanism through which the endocannabinoid system is able to provide on-demand protection against acute behavioral seizures. CB1 expression on hippocampal glutamatergic circuits accounts for this protection and mi
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
16-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Brains hearing center may reorganize after implant of cochlear device
2. Brains inertial navigation system pinpointed
3. Brains reward circuit activity ebbs and flows with a womans hormonal cycle
4. Brains fear center likely shrinks in autisms most severely socially impaired
5. Brains receptors sensitive to pot may open door in treating drug dependence, brain disorders
6. Brains own cannabis compound protects against inflammation
7. Brains opioid receptorsor endorphin systemmay hold key to treatment possibilities for bulimia
8. Endogenous cannabinoids linked to fetal brain damage imposed by maternal cannabis use
9. Endocannabinoids the brains cannabis demonstrate novel modes of action to stress
10. Bursts of waves drive immune system soldiers toward invaders
11. New system of wastewater treatment could reduce the size of treatment plants by half

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Brain cannabinoid system mellows seizures

(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015 The report "Multi-Factor Authentication ... Factor), Application (Travel & Immigration, Government, Banking, Defense, Commercial ... to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, Multi-Factor Authentication Market is ... at a CAGR of 17.7% between 2015 and 2020. ... igures spread through 169 P ...
(Date:8/24/2015)... TOWN, South Africa , August 24, 2015 ... Germany ,s largest biometrics manufacturer DERMALOG and ... with the "2015 African Biometrics Company of the Year ... in Nigeria .   -Cross ... and http://www.presseportal.de/nr/8896 - On Thursday evening, ...
(Date:8/20/2015)... PLEASANTON, Calif. , Aug. 20, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... focused on consumers that are active and healthy. ... used in the hospital environment to help improve ... released a video from the Wearable Technologies ... MD discussed new applications for wearables in healthcare.    ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 2Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 3Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 4Multi-Factor Authentication Market Worth 9.60 Billion USD by 2020 5Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 2Frost & Sullivan Honors DERMALOG with Biometrics Prize for Achievements in Africa 3Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 2Leaf Healthcare Releases Video from Wearable Technology Conference on New Applications for Wearables in the Hospital Environment 3
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... PRC Clinical, a ... business relationships with local sponsors in southern California. The Clinical Trial Management Expert CRO ... processes and regulatory pathways., , Stem Cell Meeting on ...
(Date:8/25/2015)... SHANGHAI , Aug. 25, 2015   WuXi ... open-access R&D capability and technology platform company serving the ... Holdings Ltd. ("Lee,s Pharm," Hong Kong Exchange Stock Code: ... Hong Kong with 20 years of operations ... the two companies have signed an agreement whereby WuXi,s ...
(Date:8/25/2015)... ... August 25, 2015 , ... Vets Plus, Inc. ... Wis. The company has added a AS16 Sharples centrifuge to harvest products after ... bacterial or fungal fermentation process development. , The new centrifuge greatly expands ...
(Date:8/25/2015)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... August 25, 2015 , ... One ... Valley -based Resilinc Corp., Bindiya Vakil, has been on a mission for ... the impact on global supply chain operations - from the two massive explosions that ...
Breaking Biology Technology:PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 2PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 3WuXi PharmaTech to Be Exclusive Supplier of Laboratory Testing Services to Lee's Pharm 2WuXi PharmaTech to Be Exclusive Supplier of Laboratory Testing Services to Lee's Pharm 3New centrifuge and fermentor expand product development capacity at Vets Plus 2Resilinc Supply Chain Expert Warns: Impact of Tianjin Chemical Explosions Will be Far Worse than Reported 2Resilinc Supply Chain Expert Warns: Impact of Tianjin Chemical Explosions Will be Far Worse than Reported 3Resilinc Supply Chain Expert Warns: Impact of Tianjin Chemical Explosions Will be Far Worse than Reported 4
Cached News: