HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Brain's cannabinoid system 'mellows' seizures

ced seizures increased in the mice. In fact, their experiments all but ruled out the role of GABAergic neurons in the seizure-protection function, they concluded.

"Altogether, these results confirm that physiological endocannabinoid-dependent control of GABAergic transmission depends on intact CB1 signaling in GABAergic interneurons and suggest that the endocannabinoid system does not influence GABAergic transmission during the development of KA-induced seizures," they concluded. "Therefore, direct modulation of glutamatergic transmission by CB1 receptors expressed on cortical glutamatergic neurons appears to be the major mechanism of endocannabinoid-mediated protection against KA-induced seizures."

Furthermore, the researchers' experiments established that endocannabinoid receptors were also present in the same glutamatergic neurons in areas of the hippocampus known to be central to seizure generation. The researchers wrote that this finding "represents a novel step in understanding the progression of acute excitotoxic seizures and the development of epileptic states."

And significantly, when the researchers used a targeted virus to knock out the CB1 gene for the endocannabinoid receptor specifically in the glutamatergic neurons of the hippocampus, the mice also showed strong worsening of chemically induced seizures in comparison to mice still expressing CB1.

"Altogether, these observations support a hypothetical scenario in which acute KA-induced excitotoxic seizures would activate the endocannabinoid system in respect to its ability to inhibit only 'harmful' glutamatergic transmission, but not 'protective' GABAergic release," concluded Lutz, Marsicano, and colleagues.

"In conclusion, our study reveals a mechanism through which the endocannabinoid system is able to provide on-demand protection against acute behavioral seizures. CB1 expression on hippocampal glutamatergic circuits accounts for this protection and mi
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
617-397-2879
Cell Press
16-Aug-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Brains hearing center may reorganize after implant of cochlear device
2. Brains inertial navigation system pinpointed
3. Brains reward circuit activity ebbs and flows with a womans hormonal cycle
4. Brains fear center likely shrinks in autisms most severely socially impaired
5. Brains receptors sensitive to pot may open door in treating drug dependence, brain disorders
6. Brains own cannabis compound protects against inflammation
7. Brains opioid receptorsor endorphin systemmay hold key to treatment possibilities for bulimia
8. Endogenous cannabinoids linked to fetal brain damage imposed by maternal cannabis use
9. Endocannabinoids the brains cannabis demonstrate novel modes of action to stress
10. Bursts of waves drive immune system soldiers toward invaders
11. New system of wastewater treatment could reduce the size of treatment plants by half

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Brain cannabinoid system mellows seizures

(Date:4/17/2014)... trials to treat tuberculosis could be the basis for ... bacteria, fungal infections and parasites, yet evade resistance, according ... collaborators. , Led by U. of I. chemistry professor ... drug SQ109 attacks the tuberculosis bacterium, how the drug ... to malaria and how targeting multiple pathways reduces ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... word for chili peppers. Information about archaeological remains of ... of the appearance of words for chili peppers in ... domesticated and highlight the value of multi-proxy data analysis. ... of nine papers presented in a special feature issue ... Sciences on plant and animal domestication edited by ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... West Orange, NJ. April 16, 2014. Kessler Foundation ... for $1.8 million from the Department of Defense ... PhD, is principal investigator for the randomized, double-blinded, ... to improve bone and muscle strength after spinal ... Human Performance & Engineering Research at Kessler Foundation. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Multitarget TB drug could treat other diseases, evade resistance 2Chickens to chili peppers 2Chickens to chili peppers 3Kessler Foundation awarded Department of Defense grant for spinal cord injury research 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014 TaiGen Biotechnology Company, ... exclusive agreement with R-Pharm, a leading Russian pharmaceutical company, ... the Russian Federation , ... Independent States (CIS). Nemonoxacin is a novel antibiotic for the ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... 2014 Histogen, Inc., a regenerative medicine ... grown under simulated embryonic conditions, today announced that they ... Medical, Inc. for physician-dispensed aesthetic products containing Histogen’s proprietary ... agreement is an amendment to the existing license between ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... York, NY (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 ... of Alliqua, Inc. (OTCQB: ALQA). Alliqua is an emerging ... to serve the wound care market. , Free report ... was restructured with a seasoned management team and Board, ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 iLab Solutions, the ... as the new Director of Product Strategy. In this role, ... as iLab sub-teams to guide in the development of iLab ... provides the maximum possible benefit to the scientific community by ...
Breaking Biology Technology:TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 2TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 3TaiGen Biotechnology Signed Exclusive License Agreement with R-Pharm for Nemonoxacin (Taigexyn(R)) 4Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 2Histogen and Suneva Medical Expand License for Cell Conditioned Media-based Aesthetic Products Internationally 3EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 2EquitiesIQ Initiates Coverage of Alliqua, Inc. 3iLab Solutions Announces Michelle Detwiler as the New Director of Product Strategy 2
Cached News: