HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Can you hear me now? Stem cells enhance hearing recovery

Tokyo, Japan -- Researchers have shown that bone marrow stem cells injected into a damaged inner ear can speed hearing recovery after partial hearing loss. The related report by Kamiya et al, Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation accelerates hearing recovery through the repair of injured cochlear fibrocytes, appears in the July issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Hearing loss has many causes, including genetics, aging, and infection, and may be complete or partial. Such loss may involve damage to inner ear cells called cochlear fibrocytes, which are fundamental to inner ear function. Some natural regeneration of these cells can occur after acute damage, leading to partial recovery of temporary hearing loss. But could such restoration be enhanced by using bone marrow stem cells, which can differentiate into various tissue-specific cell types"

Dr. Tatsuo Matsunaga of National Tokyo Medical Center pursued this hypothesis by utilizing a well-characterized rat model of drug-induced hearing loss. This model specifically destroys cochlear fibrocytes and leads to acute hearing loss. Although partial recovery occurs over many weeks, high-frequency hearing remains extremely diminished. Using this system, the investigators examined whether direct administration of stem cells into the inner ear could restore the cochlear fibrocyte population and aid hearing recovery.

Stem cells injected into the inner ear survived in half of the injured rats, where they migrated away from the site of injection toward the injured region within the inner ear. These stem cells divided in the new environment and expressed several proteins necessary for hearing, suggesting tissue-specific differentiation. Further, transplanted cells that migrated to the damaged area of the inner ear displayed shape similar to that of cochlear fibrocytes.

Importantly, transplanted rats exhibited faster recovery from hearing loss, particularly in the high frequency
'"/>

Contact: Audra Cox
acox@asip.org
301-634-7409
American Journal of Pathology
25-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
2. ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA
3. OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
4. UCLA scientists produce functioning neurons from human embryonic stem cells
5. UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimers treatment
6. Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells
7. In a first, Einstein scientists discover the dynamics of transcription in living mammalian cells
8. How cells change the pace of their steps
9. Discredited Korean embryonic stem cells true origins revealed
10. A low expression of MX2 gene exists in the white blood cells of narcoleptics
11. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/29/2016)... March 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, Inc. ... "LEGX" and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce our ... in a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes signatures ... created collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be assured ... the DNA. Bill Bollander , CEO ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... and SANDY, Utah , March ... operates the highest sample volume laboratory in ... and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical sequencing informatics and molecular ... of a project to establish the informatics infrastructure for ... NSO has been contracted by the Ontario Ministry ...
(Date:3/17/2016)... 2016 ABI Research, the leader in ... biometrics market will reach more than $30 billion ... 2015. Consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, continue to boost ... to reach two billion shipments by 2021 at ... , Research Analyst at ABI Research. "Surveillance is ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... today announced that its Board of Directors has approved the ... second quarter of 2016. The cash dividend ... July 29, 2016 to stockholders of record as of the ... dividends are subject to approval of the Board of Directors ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... RoviSys, a leading ... in Aurora, Ohio, has broken ground on a new building in Holly Springs, ... area, this new location solidifies a commitment to business in the region. The ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... ... The leading Regenerative Veterinary Medicine Company, VetStem Biopharma ., is proud ... of their own patients with the VetStem Cell Therapy. Each of these veterinarians has ... patients. , The veterinarians are Dr Ross Rich former owner of Cave Creek ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... The recent recall by ... reported by Food Safety News on May 12, 2016(1), demonstrates the need for faster ... CEO of Baltimore-based biotech firm, PathSensors, Inc. , PathSensor’s latest solution ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: