HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Can you hear me now? Stem cells enhance hearing recovery

Tokyo, Japan -- Researchers have shown that bone marrow stem cells injected into a damaged inner ear can speed hearing recovery after partial hearing loss. The related report by Kamiya et al, Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation accelerates hearing recovery through the repair of injured cochlear fibrocytes, appears in the July issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Hearing loss has many causes, including genetics, aging, and infection, and may be complete or partial. Such loss may involve damage to inner ear cells called cochlear fibrocytes, which are fundamental to inner ear function. Some natural regeneration of these cells can occur after acute damage, leading to partial recovery of temporary hearing loss. But could such restoration be enhanced by using bone marrow stem cells, which can differentiate into various tissue-specific cell types"

Dr. Tatsuo Matsunaga of National Tokyo Medical Center pursued this hypothesis by utilizing a well-characterized rat model of drug-induced hearing loss. This model specifically destroys cochlear fibrocytes and leads to acute hearing loss. Although partial recovery occurs over many weeks, high-frequency hearing remains extremely diminished. Using this system, the investigators examined whether direct administration of stem cells into the inner ear could restore the cochlear fibrocyte population and aid hearing recovery.

Stem cells injected into the inner ear survived in half of the injured rats, where they migrated away from the site of injection toward the injured region within the inner ear. These stem cells divided in the new environment and expressed several proteins necessary for hearing, suggesting tissue-specific differentiation. Further, transplanted cells that migrated to the damaged area of the inner ear displayed shape similar to that of cochlear fibrocytes.

Importantly, transplanted rats exhibited faster recovery from hearing loss, particularly in the high frequency
'"/>

Contact: Audra Cox
acox@asip.org
301-634-7409
American Journal of Pathology
25-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
2. ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA
3. OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
4. UCLA scientists produce functioning neurons from human embryonic stem cells
5. UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimers treatment
6. Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells
7. In a first, Einstein scientists discover the dynamics of transcription in living mammalian cells
8. How cells change the pace of their steps
9. Discredited Korean embryonic stem cells true origins revealed
10. A low expression of MX2 gene exists in the white blood cells of narcoleptics
11. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/5/2017)... SEATTLE , April 5, 2017  The Allen ... the Allen Cell Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic ... large-scale 3D imaging data, the first application of deep ... edited human stem cell lines and a growing suite ... the platform for these and future publicly available resources ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will host ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in Redmond, ... on developing health and wellness apps that provide a ... Genome is the first hackathon for personal genomics ... companies in the genomics, tech and health industries are ...
(Date:3/27/2017)... 2017  Catholic Health Services (CHS) has been ... (HIMSS) Analytics for achieving Stage 6 on the ... In addition, CHS previously earned a place in ... electronic medical record (EMR). "HIMSS Analytics ... EMR usage in an outpatient setting.  This recognition ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... October 12, ... ... York Academy of Sciences today announced the three Winners and six Finalists of ... Awards are given annually by the Blavatnik Family Foundation and administered by the ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... United States multicenter, prospective clinical study that demonstrates the accuracy of the ... of identifying clinically significant acute bacterial and viral respiratory tract infections by ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... AMRI, a global contract ... to improve patient outcomes and quality of life, will now be offering its ... attributed to new regulatory requirements for all new drug products, including the finalization ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... President Andi Purple announced Dr. Suneel I. Sheikh, the co-founder, CEO and chief ... ), Inc. has been selected for membership in ARCS Alumni Hall of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: