HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Can you hear me now? Stem cells enhance hearing recovery

Tokyo, Japan -- Researchers have shown that bone marrow stem cells injected into a damaged inner ear can speed hearing recovery after partial hearing loss. The related report by Kamiya et al, Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation accelerates hearing recovery through the repair of injured cochlear fibrocytes, appears in the July issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Hearing loss has many causes, including genetics, aging, and infection, and may be complete or partial. Such loss may involve damage to inner ear cells called cochlear fibrocytes, which are fundamental to inner ear function. Some natural regeneration of these cells can occur after acute damage, leading to partial recovery of temporary hearing loss. But could such restoration be enhanced by using bone marrow stem cells, which can differentiate into various tissue-specific cell types"

Dr. Tatsuo Matsunaga of National Tokyo Medical Center pursued this hypothesis by utilizing a well-characterized rat model of drug-induced hearing loss. This model specifically destroys cochlear fibrocytes and leads to acute hearing loss. Although partial recovery occurs over many weeks, high-frequency hearing remains extremely diminished. Using this system, the investigators examined whether direct administration of stem cells into the inner ear could restore the cochlear fibrocyte population and aid hearing recovery.

Stem cells injected into the inner ear survived in half of the injured rats, where they migrated away from the site of injection toward the injured region within the inner ear. These stem cells divided in the new environment and expressed several proteins necessary for hearing, suggesting tissue-specific differentiation. Further, transplanted cells that migrated to the damaged area of the inner ear displayed shape similar to that of cochlear fibrocytes.

Importantly, transplanted rats exhibited faster recovery from hearing loss, particularly in the high frequency
'"/>

Contact: Audra Cox
acox@asip.org
301-634-7409
American Journal of Pathology
25-Jun-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research
2. ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA
3. OHSU turns mouse into factory for human liver cells
4. UCLA scientists produce functioning neurons from human embryonic stem cells
5. UCF research links proteins, stem cells and potential Alzheimers treatment
6. Teamwork between 2 key proteins necessary for normal development and regulation of red blood cells
7. In a first, Einstein scientists discover the dynamics of transcription in living mammalian cells
8. How cells change the pace of their steps
9. Discredited Korean embryonic stem cells true origins revealed
10. A low expression of MX2 gene exists in the white blood cells of narcoleptics
11. Penn researchers discover pathway that eliminates genetic defects in red blood cells

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Can you hear now Stem cells enhance hearing recovery

(Date:10/16/2014)... Post-menopausal women experienced improvements in vaginal atrophy, with ... bleeding, after 12 weeks of daily 10 milligram ... nutritional supplement previously shown to help relieve certain ... study reported in a poster at the North ... , "These data documented improved vaginal epithelium, without ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... has admitted Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) as ... hub continues to maintain a significant nationwide standing ... "The acceptance of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz as ... milestone in the national and international competition for ... of Rhineland-Palatinate can be proud that Mainz University ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014   Neurotechnology , a provider ... availability of the VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 software ... real-time biometric face identification using live video streams ... The new version not only identifies faces in ... objects while they are moving through the video ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 2Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz joins Germany's Gauss-Allianz as a full member 3VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 2VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 3
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 WriteResult, LLC – ... has been working with a team of researchers from ... Farms Community Farming Collaborative to provide electronic questionnaire data ... The study, which started in May, aims to evaluate ... participants weekly exposure to and participation in urban agriculture ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 According ... Market by Service Type (Consulting, Integration, Deployment & ... by Deployment Model (Public, Private, Others (Hybrid & ... MarketsandMarkets, defines and segments the Cloud Professional Services ... and forecasting of revenues. It also identifies the ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... , Oct. 22, 2014 Research and ... Electronics Market by Material, by Application, Geography - Global ... their offering. Organic electronics, also called ... of material science which deals with small conductive molecules ... because small molecules and polymers are carbon based, made ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 Convey Computer , ... team from Iowa State University won first place in ... a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved the highest ... than the second place finisher. , Experts from all ... the month long challenge, using a variety of design ...
Breaking Biology Technology:myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 2myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 3Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Cloud Professional Services Market by Public, Private, Hybrid & Community Expected to Reach $34.41 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 5Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 2Global Organic Electronics (Semiconductor, Conductive, Dielectric and Substrate) Market - Analysis and Forecast (2014 - 2020) 3Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3
Cached News: