Cannibalism of the young allows individual fish to specialize

If you go fishing for Arctic char you may end up catching distinctly different-looking individuals although they were all caught in the same lake. Similarly, whitefish, threespine stickleback, and some sunfishes also display quite discrete groups living in the same lakes but utilizing different food resources in order to survive. The phenomenon is called resource polymorphism and has been observed and documented as early as in the 18th century, but has continued to receive a lot of scientific interest since it gives us a chance to study ongoing evolution. However, not all species display resource polymorphism, and naturally, in order to gain deeper understanding of evolutionary facilitators, the question arises: Why do some species display resource polymorphism, whereas other don't?

In this study, a team of European researchers combines literature data and advanced ecological theory in order to look for species-specific life history patterns explaining the presence/absence of resource polymorphism in fish. Interestingly and not at all obvious, the study suggests that early cannibalism, which is found in all species displaying resource polymorphism, is a promoting factor. However, incorporating recently explored and presented population dynamic theory, based upon the population's size distribution and the effect of the individual's size on its relative competitiveness, a logic explanation is given. The effect of early cannibalism is twofold. First, it stabilizes the variation in the number of individuals over time, which in turn increases the benefit of specializing on any resource since the risk of being dependent on a vanishing resource decreases. Second, an early disappearance of small newborn individuals increases the abundance of their prey due to decreased consumption from the small ones, hence increasing the benefit for larger individuals to specialize on this specific prey (typically zooplankton). The team now plans to do new modeling exercises a

Contact: Patricia Morse
University of Chicago Press Journals

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Universes stringy birth revealed by young Czech scientist in EURYI winning project
2. 2007 EURYI: 20 young researchers to receive Nobel Prize-sized awards for breakthrough ideas
3. High rates of HIV infection documented among young Nepalese girls sex-trafficked to India
4. Throwing motion in young baseball players may actually protect shoulder
5. Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows
6. Study to probe how healthy younger adults make use of genetic tests
7. Cat hair at home poses an allergy risk, particularly for young children
8. In young mice, gregariousness seems to reside in the genes
9. Three young scientists at Yale honored with Sloan Foundation Fellowships
10. PET imaging shows young smokers quick benefit of quitting
11. In young rats, researchers find a reaction to spinal cord injury that speeds recovery

Post Your Comments:

(Date:8/23/2017)... public,s help is being enlisted in what,s thought to be the biggest ... human body –and are believed to affect health.  ... The Microbiome Immunity Project is the largest study to date ... project's goal is to help advance scientific knowledge of the role of ... The ...
(Date:6/30/2017)... June 30, 2017 Today, American Trucking ... supplier of face and eye tracking software, became ... provider program. "Artificial intelligence and ... to monitor a driver,s attentiveness levels while on ... able to detect fatigue and prevent potential accidents, ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... , May 23, 2017  Hunova, the first robotic gym for the ... been officially launched in Genoa, Italy . The first ... and the USA . The technology was developed ... market by the IIT spin-off Movendo Technology thanks to a 10 million ... News Release, please click: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... Science Center’s FirstHand program has won a US2020 STEM Mentoring Award. Representatives of ... award for Excellence in Volunteer Experience from US2020. , US2020’s mission is to ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... Parks Associates announced today that Tom Kerber , Director ... , October 11 in Scottsdale, Arizona . Kerber will ... safety and security products impact the competitive landscape. ... Parks Associates: Smart Home Devices: Main Purchase Driver ... "The residential security market has experienced continued growth, and the introduction of ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... business process optimization firm for the life sciences and healthcare industries, announces a ... in San Francisco. , The presentation, “Automating GxP Validation for Agile Cloud Platforms,” ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... 2017  BioTech Holdings announced today identification and ... ProCell stem cell therapy prevents limb loss in ... demonstrated that treatment with ProCell resulted in more ... compared to standard bone marrow stem cell administration.  ... reduction of therapeutic effect.  ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: