HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Carcinogens from parents' tobacco smoke found in their babies' urine

PHILADELPHIA -- When mom or dad puffs on a cigarette, their infants may inhale the resulting second-hand smoke. Now, scientists have detected cancer-causing chemicals associated with tobacco smoke in the urine of nearly half the babies of smoking parents.

"The take home message is, 'Don't smoke around your kids,'" said Stephen S. Hecht, Ph.D., professor and Wallin Chair of Cancer Prevention at The Cancer Center at the University of Minnesota.

According to a study of 144 infants, published in the May issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, Hecht and his colleagues found detectable levels of NNAL* in urine from 47 percent of babies exposed to environmental tobacco carcinogens from cigarette smoking family members. NNAL is a cancer-causing chemical produced in the human body as it processes NNK**, a carcinogenic chemical specific to tobacco.

"The level of NNAL detected in the urine of these infants was higher than in most other field studies of environmental tobacco smoke in children and adults," Hecht said.

"NNAL is an accepted biomarker for uptake of the tobacco-specific carcinogen NNK. You don't find NNAL in urine except in people who are exposed to tobacco smoke, whether they are adults, children, or infants."

A previous study by Hecht and his colleagues indicated that the first urine from newborns whose mothers smoked during pregnancy contained as much as one-third more NNAL compared to the babies in the current study. The newborn infants, however, took in the carcinogen directly from their mothers through their placentas rather than by breathing second-hand smoke in the air in their family homes and cars.

In the current study, when babies had detectable levels of NNAL, Hecht said that family members smoked an average of 76 cigarettes per week, in their home or car while the babies were present. In children of smokers whose babies had undetectable levels of NNAL in their urine, the average
'"/>

Contact: Russell Vanderboom, Ph.D.
vanderboom@aacr.org
215-440-9300
American Association for Cancer Research
12-May-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Zebrafish: Its not your parents lab rat
2. Parents genes, not parents arguing, may cause childrens conduct problems
3. Personality and parents alcoholism interact to influence a persons risk of becoming an alcoholic
4. Does the desire to consume alcohol and tobacco come from our genetic makeup?
5. Smokeless tobacco more effective than cigarettes for delivering dangerous carcinogens into the body
6. Study confirms the risk of exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke outdoors
7. Race affects tobacco absorption in children
8. Georgetown leads effort to study safety of alternative tobacco products
9. Environmental tobacco smoke linked to behavior problems in children and pre-teens
10. Human albumin from tobacco plants
11. UCF, NIH study: Effective, safe anthrax vaccine can be grown in tobacco plants

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Carcinogens from parents tobacco smoke found their babies urine

(Date:10/15/2014)... the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Biomedical ... the mechanisms of genomic instability and its implications for ... second alumnus to win the Rosenstiel Award; the first, ... Alt is the Charles A. Janeway Professor of Pediatrics ... an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... – Scientists have sequenced the house fly genome for ... might expect from an insect that thrives in pathogen-rich ... Oct. 14 in the journal Genome Biology , ... and of how flies quickly adapt to resist insecticides, ... house flies (Musca domestica) carry and transmit more than ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... of scientists led by researchers at the University ... of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) have ... underlying bipolar (manic depressive) disorder, a breakthrough that ... affective disorder, as well as depression and other ... online this week in Nature Molecular Psychiatry ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2House fly genome reveals expanded immune system 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 2Rare genetic disease protects against bipolar disorder 3
(Date:10/19/2014)... Asian Automatic patient billing report defines and segments the ... The Automatic patient billing market in Asia is estimated ... a developing CAGR of 7.2% from 2013 to 2018. ... patient billing market, to get an idea of the ... the segmentation of this market in the same region, ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems report defines ... forecast of revenue. The Orthopedic braces and support systems market ... by 2018, at a developing CAGR of 4.4% from 2013 ... Orthopedic braces and support systems market, to get an idea ... of the segmentation of orthopedic braces and support systems market ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The “Human Insulin Market- by Product Type, [Human ... Insulin (Rapid Acting, Long Acting, Premixed)], by Brand ... Forecast to 2018” provides a detailed overview of ... trends, and strategies impacting the global human insulin ... the revenue and share analysis. , The global ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 18, 2014 The Asian ... in Asia with analysis and forecast of revenue. The ... to $712.3 million by 2018, at a CAGR of ... TOC of the Asian arthroscopic devices market, to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation of arthroscopic devices ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Automatic patient billing market is estimated to grow to around $463.9 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Orthopedic braces and support systems market is estimated to grow to around $416.5 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Medical Human Insulin Market Is Expected to Reach $42 billion by 2019 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5The Asian arthroscopic devices market is estimated to grow to $712.3 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian arthroscopic devices market is estimated to grow to $712.3 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian arthroscopic devices market is estimated to grow to $712.3 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4
Cached News: