HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Carnegie Mellon University research shows how sensory-deprived brain compensates

PITTSBURGH -- Whiskers provide a mouse with essential information to negotiate a burrow or detect movement that could signal a predator's presence. These stiff hairs relay sensory input to the brain, which shapes neuronal activity. In a first, studies of this system by Carnegie Mellon scientists show just how well a mouse brain can compensate when limited to sensing the world through one whisker. Published April 4 in the Journal of Neuroscience, the results should help shape future studies of sensory deprivation that results from stroke or traumatic brain injury, say the authors.

"Our findings are the first to show this degree of brain adaptability in a setting with significantly limited sensory input," said Alison Barth, assistant professor of biological sciences and a member of the Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CNBC). "This finding tells us that brain function is plastic, or reparable, when a sense like touch has been profoundly diminished. Plasticity is an important indicator that the brain is reorganizing to compensate for an injury or deficit."

For a decade, neuroscientists have known that the brain can increase its plasticity, or adapt, in response to injury that limits bodily motion. This latest study is the first to show such an impressive enhancement of brain activity in an animal with sensory loss. Losing sight, hearing, taste, smell or touch are common disabling side effects of traumatic brain injury and stroke.

In her study, Barth recorded brain activity in mice with various degrees of whisker removal. As a first step in her research, Barth removed all but one whisker and recorded neural activity in a brain region located on the opposite side of the animal. (Flicking a whisker on one side of a mouse stimulates a part of the brain on the animal's opposite side). Over the course of a week, Barth found that one whisker could not only stimulate a predicted cluster of neurons inside the brain; it could also
'"/>

Contact: Lauren Ward
wardle@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-7761
Carnegie Mellon University
17-Apr-2007


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Carnegie Mellons Peter Adams receives EPA research grant
2. Carnegie Mellon scientists find key HIV protein makes cell membranes bend more easily
3. Carnegie Mellons David Sholl identifies new materials
4. Carnegie Mellon University scientists identify genes activated during learning and memory
5. Carnegie Mellon researchers urge regulators to rethink strategies for soot emission
6. Carnegie Mellon researcher proposes development of artificial cells to fight disease
7. Carnegie Mellon engineers devise new process to improve energy efficiency of ethanol production
8. DNA gets new twist: Carnegie Mellon scientists develop unique DNA nanotags
9. Carnegie Mellons Granger Morgan pens op-ed
10. Carnegie Mellon scientist plays key role in unveiling sea urchin genome
11. Carnegie Mellon study reveals that odor discrimination is linked to the timing at which neurons fire

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/18/2015)... , Aug. 18, 2015  Navitas today ... contributor to the Submission Content Management webinar ... a non-profit forum. Dedicated to the Implementation of ... neutral platform for industry, vendors, health authorities, ... and work towards a standard method of ...
(Date:8/12/2015)... 2015  New research unveiled at Black Hat ... to steal users, fingerprints. Information released today by ... scanners on mobile devices, making the security of ... on mobile devices, HYPR Corp. recently released a ... systems with strong cryptographic security. More information on ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... Calif. , Aug. 6, 2015  Today, ... will visit Crossmatch ™ to learn firsthand ... and protect data. Crossmatch is a world leader ... technologies and expertise are helping federal agencies and ... and security.   "The vast majority ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Navitas, a Key Contributor in IRISS Forum Webinar 2Navitas, a Key Contributor in IRISS Forum Webinar 3HYPR Corp. Addresses Android Vulnerability That Exposes Ecosystem-wide Biometric Security Challenges 2HYPR Corp. Addresses Android Vulnerability That Exposes Ecosystem-wide Biometric Security Challenges 3Rep. Honda to Visit Crossmatch in Redwood City 2
(Date:8/26/2015)... VANCOUVER , Aug. 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - iCo ... ICOTF), today reported financial results for the quarter ... are expressed in Canadian dollars and presented under ... continue pre-clinical activities with respect to our Oral ... of a contract manufacturer," said Andrew Rae ...
(Date:8/26/2015)...  The Diabetes Research Institute (DRI), a Center ... School of Medicine, announced today that the first ... the first time a novel transplant technique for ... Phase I/II study builds upon decades of progress ... first step toward the development of the DRI ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... , August 26, 2015 Israel Proves Its ... wins 1 st place  Wayerz comes in 5 ... Israel by venture capital fund JVP, with Chinese ... US, China , Israel , ... .  Impressive achievement for the Israeli representatives in the ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Despite recent ... the optimism in biotech,s forecast is the recent ... sciences advancements.  Active biotechnology & healthcare companies with ... (OTCQB: PBIO), Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ), ... Pharmaceutical Corp. (NASDAQ: RPTP ) and EnteroMedics ...
Breaking Biology Technology:iCo Therapeutics Announces Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 2iCo Therapeutics Announces Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 2Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 3Diabetes Research Institute Successfully Transplants First Patient In Pilot BioHub Trial 4Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 2Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 3Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 4Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 5Israeli Startup Takes First Place at Shengjing Global Innovation Awards 2015 6New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 2New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 3New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 4New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 5New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 6New Collaborations & Mergers For Research of Molecular Biomarkers in Human Diseases & Clinical Trials for Cancer Therapies Fueling Growth in Multi-Billion Dollar Life Sciences Market 7
Cached News: