HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Carnegie Mellon scientist plays key role in unveiling sea urchin genome

t in their last common ancestor and, conversely, what genes have appeared more recently in the two lineages since they diverged many hundreds of million years ago.

"Having the sea urchin genome is almost an epiphany. I can see the genes, and it's very exciting," added Ettensohn, who has been studying the sea urchin as a model of development for more than 25 years. Specifically, he focuses on the vast network of proteins needed for these animals to form skeletons through biomineralization.

"If we understand how sea urchins build their skeletons, we can learn more about how we build our skeletons," Ettensohn said. "Additionally, understanding how natural systems build skeletons can help us mimic that in the design of materials to treat bone disease and injury in humans."

As part of the Sea Urchin Genome Sequencing Consortium, Ettensohn contributed 51,000 cDNAs -- about one-third of the total genomic material critical for the assembly of the genome and for the accurate prediction of where genes lie within the DNA sequence.

The Ettensohn lab was also one of 15 labs to annotate sets of genes that comprise the sea urchin genome. Initially, computers assembled the genome sequence and predicted the sea urchin genes. These predictions were then verified by scientists in the lab. Ettensohn annotated the genes involved in biomineralization, the process by which sea urchins form their embryonic skeletons. His work resulted in a comprehensive catalog of all the genes that are actually being used by the embryonic cells responsible for building the skeleton, including when and where the genes are expressed in the embryo.

In the sea urchin embryo, specialized cells produce proteins that mix with mineral crystals, thereby regulating the growth and shape of the emerging skeleton, just as in humans. But having the sea urchin genome has revealed a provocative discovery: many of the biomineralization proteins, especially those that control
'"/>

Contact: Lauren Ward
wardle@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-7761
Carnegie Mellon University
9-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Carnegie Mellons Peter Adams receives EPA research grant
2. Carnegie Mellon scientists find key HIV protein makes cell membranes bend more easily
3. Carnegie Mellons David Sholl identifies new materials
4. Carnegie Mellon University scientists identify genes activated during learning and memory
5. Carnegie Mellon University research shows how sensory-deprived brain compensates
6. Carnegie Mellon researchers urge regulators to rethink strategies for soot emission
7. Carnegie Mellon researcher proposes development of artificial cells to fight disease
8. Carnegie Mellon engineers devise new process to improve energy efficiency of ethanol production
9. DNA gets new twist: Carnegie Mellon scientists develop unique DNA nanotags
10. Carnegie Mellons Granger Morgan pens op-ed
11. Carnegie Mellon study reveals that odor discrimination is linked to the timing at which neurons fire

Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/2/2015)... Md. , April 2, 2015 At ... Salt Lake City , the American College ... of five new directors to its Board.  Members of ... the ACMG and for forming and advancing its policies ... medical genetics profession. "It,s an eventful time ...
(Date:4/2/2015)... 2015 Fingerprint Cards (FPC) has ... from the distributor World Peace Industrial Group (WPI), part ... although the major part of the shipments will take ... by smartphone manufacturers in China . ... the communicated revenue guidance of + 1 000 MSEK for ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... Medisafe ™, the leading global medication management platform with ... Android smartphones and tablets, announces today that ... allow patients to track and correlate their adherence directly ... be able to visualize in real-time how taking medication ... glucose levels and blood pressure. "Patients need ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 2American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 3American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 4American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 5American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 6American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 7American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics Announces New Board Members: Dr. Louanne Hudgins is ACMG President-Elect 8Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 110 Million 2Medisafe Announces Launch of Biometric Integration, Enabling Patients to Stay Adherent to Their Meds and See Tangible Health Results 2
(Date:4/17/2015)... Global Stem Cells Group ... Summit 2015 April 27 - 29, 2015 in Boston. ... all areas of stem cell research including applications, biology, ... regenerative medicine. , The conference will address recent ... translational research in stem cell therapies, regenerative medicine, tissue ...
(Date:4/17/2015)... 17, 2015 BellBrook Labs announced ... support for the powerful Orthogonal Pooled Screening (OPS) ... Center at the Lankenau Institute for Medical Research ... to measurably improve successful drug discovery outcomes using ... rare, drug-like libraries available nowhere else, coupled to ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... and OSAKA, Japan , April ... Application (CiRA) of Kyoto University and Takeda Pharmaceutical ... work together to develop clinical applications of induced ... failure, diabetes mellitus, neurological disorders and cancer immunotherapy. ... (T-CiRA) is designed to expedite multiple research projects ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... 16, 2015 Cytokinetics, Incorporated (Nasdaq: CYTK) ... quarter results on Thursday, April 30, 2015 at 4:00 ... will host a conference call at 4:30 PM Eastern ... company’s outlook for the future. , The conference call ... the homepage and in the Investor Relations section of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Stem Cells Group To Join GTCbio Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Summit in Boston, April 27-29, 2015 2Global Stem Cells Group To Join GTCbio Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Summit in Boston, April 27-29, 2015 3BellBrook Labs and Lankenau Institute Partner to Accelerate Drug Discovery using Orthogonal Pooled Screening 2CiRA and Takeda Enter 10-year Collaboration on iPS Cell Research 2CiRA and Takeda Enter 10-year Collaboration on iPS Cell Research 3Cytokinetics to Announce First Quarter Results on April 30, 2015 2Cytokinetics to Announce First Quarter Results on April 30, 2015 3
Cached News: