"Previous research has shown that cell nuclear changes can extend a significant distance from the site of a malignancy. We have already conducted a successful clinical trial for our sputum test for lung cancer. New data suggest that the effects of lung cancer can also be measured as far away as skin cells in the mouth," said lead researcher Bojana Turic, MD, Director of Clinical and Regulatory Affairs, Perceptronix, Inc, Vancouver, BC, Canada. "Although a clinical test based on buccal cells is still in development, the method of analyzing cheek cells to detect cancer is showing interesting results."
Dr. Turic and colleagues analyzed randomized cheek scrapings of 150 confirmed lung cancer patients and 990 high-risk patients, using Automated Quantitative Cytometry (AQC). Able to detect subtle changes in buccal cell nuclei, the AQC system analyzes several thousand cells per specimen and reduces the data to a single score that predicts the likelihood of the presence of cancer. Of the buccal specimens collected, the AQC showed 66 percent sensitivity at 70 percent specificity overall, and 61 percent sensitivity for stage I lung cancer, which comprised 47 of the 150 cases.
"Stage I lung cancer is considered treatable, but most lung cancers are currently detected beyond stage I," said Dr. Turic. "We believe that early detection is the key to reducing lung cancer mortality and have focused our approach ar
Contact: Jennifer Stawarz
American College of Chest Physicians