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Children of mothers with preeclampsia more likely to have pulmonary hypertension

Children born of mothers who had preeclampsia during their pregnancy are more likely to have pulmonary hypertension than similar children born from normal pregnancies, according to a study conducted in Bolivia by Swiss and Bolivian researchers. The findings provide the first evidence that preeclampsia (pregnancy-induced hypertension) can leave a persistent and potentially fatal imprint in the pulmonary circulation of the fetus, a physiological change that can predispose the offspring to exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in later life.

The study also illustrates how field research at high altitudes can provide important clues in understanding a major clinical disease like pulmonary hypertension.

Dr. Pierre-Yves Jayet, a research fellow in the laboratory of Dr. Urs Scherrer, University Hospital, Lausanne, presented the study April 4 at The American Physiological Society scientific sessions during Experimental Biology 2005 in San Diego. The work was part of an ongoing project between Dr. Scherrer's group, the Swiss Cardiovascular Research Institute in Bern, and the Bolivian High Altitude Research Institute in La Paz.

Pulmonary hypertension is a relatively rare and potentially lethal blood vessel disorder of the lung in which the pressure in the pulmonary artery (the blood vessel leading from the heart to the lungs) rises above normal levels.

A related problem, high altitude sickness caused by lack of oxygen in the air, is familiar to many who travel to high altitudes. In mountaineers, classical high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is caused in part by dysfunction of the pulmonary blood vessels, leading to exaggerated pulmonary hypertension as the affected individuals climb higher, usually resolving if they return to a lower altitude. Untreated, it can be fatal.

Because of the work being conducted jointly in the surroundings of La Paz, capital of Bolivia and the highest major city in the Andes at 3600-4000 meters (12,0
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Contact: Sarah Goodwin
ebpress@bellsouth.net
770-270-0989
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
4-Apr-2005


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