HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Coffee consumption linked to increased risk of heart attack for persons with certain gene variation

Individuals who have a genetic variation associated with slower caffeine metabolism appear to have an increased risk of non-fatal heart attack associated with higher amounts of coffee intake, according to a study in the March 8 issue of JAMA.

Studies examining the association between coffee consumption and risk of myocardial infarction (MI heart attack) have been inconclusive. Coffee is a major source of caffeine, which is the most widely consumed stimulant in the world and has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, according to background information in the article. However, coffee contains a number of other chemicals that have variable effects on the cardiovascular system. It is not clear whether caffeine alone affects the risk of heart attack or whether other chemicals found in coffee may be responsible. Caffeine is metabolized primarily by the enzyme cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) in the liver. Variations of the gene for this enzyme can slow or quicken caffeine metabolism. Carriers of the gene variant CYP1A2*1F allele are "slow" caffeine metabolizers, while individuals with the gene variant CYP1A2*1A allele are "rapid" caffeine metabolizers.

Ahmed El-Sohemy, Ph.D., of the University of Toronto, and colleagues conducted a study to determine whether gene variations of CYP1A2 modifies the association between consumption of caffeinated coffee and risk of nonfatal heart attack. The study included 2,014 case patients with a first acute nonfatal heart attack and 2,014 controls, living in Costa Rica between 1994 and 2004. The genotypes of the participants were determined. A food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the intake of caffeinated coffee.

Fifty-five percent of cases (n = 1,114) and 54 percent of controls (n = 1,082) were carriers of the slow *1F allele. For carriers of the slow *1F allele, those who drank 2 to 3 cups of coffee a day had a 36 percent increased odds of heart attack; thos
'"/>

Contact: Elizabeth Monier-Williams
416-978-5948
JAMA and Archives Journals
7-Mar-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Psst! Coffee drinkers: Fruit flies have something to tell you about caffeine
2. Coffee, black, decaf and a little llama on the side
3. Hormone that signals fullness also curbs fast food consumption and tendency to binge eat
4. Apple consumption during pregnancy reduces risk for childhood wheezing and asthma
5. Link between beef consumption during pregnancy and reduced sperm quality in sons
6. Maternal seafood consumption benefits childrens development
7. Exercise, aspirin consumption and childbirth may alter cancer risk
8. Poultry consumption, handling are risk factors for antibiotic resistance in humans
9. Study shows fruit and vegetable juice consumption may reduce risk of Alzheimers disease
10. Timing of food consumption activates genes in specific brain area, researchers find
11. Gazelles shrink liver and heart to reduce oxygen consumption during drought

Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/15/2014)... spreading rapidly and to an unexpected extent. The outbreak ... and the virus shows a new disease dynamic in ... this reason, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, ... and the Union of the German Academies of Sciences ... epidemic today. , In the statement the academies call ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) ... growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of the recent ... October 13 th . Gino Pereira , ... angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang the bell.  ... his investors and employees "for their work and dedication in bringing ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014   Neurotechnology , a provider ... availability of the VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 software ... real-time biometric face identification using live video streams ... The new version not only identifies faces in ... objects while they are moving through the video ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 2VeriLook Surveillance 3.0 SDK Identifies Faces and Moving Objects, Differentiates Pedestrians from Other Moving Objects in Video Surveillance Systems 3
(Date:10/22/2014)... and BOSTON , Oct. 22, 2014 ... leading global specialty pharmaceutical company, and Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical ... exclusive option to acquire Rhythm,s wholly owned subsidiary, Rhythm ... ghrelin agonist, for the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis and ... completed a successful Phase 2 trial of relamorelin for ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 21, 2014 The North ... concerned market North America with analysis and forecast of ... 2013, and is expected to reach $623.6 million by ... 2018. , Browse through the TOC of the North ... of the in-depth analysis provided. This also provides a ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... October 22, 2014 Involution Studios ... release of a new infographic, Understanding Ebola . ... a beautifully designed, easy to follow informative tool for ... of outbreak, symptoms and prevention. , "As the news ... the 2014 Ebola outbreak represents not only a healthcare ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 Currently ... Sartorius, A & D Weighing, Rice Lake, and ... Semi-Micro Balance . The Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance ... affordable high-quality, precise, and user-friendly laboratory balance. , ... laboratory equipment, their laboratory balances are well known ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 2Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 3Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 4Actavis Signs Option to Acquire Rhythm Subsidiary and its GI Development Product, Relamorelin 5The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4Involution Studios' Ebola Infographic Provides Key Disease Information and Statistics at a Glance 2Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 2Pipette.com Launches the Addition of Sartorius CPA Semi-Micro Balance to Their Product Portfolio with Special Promotional Pricing 3
Cached News: