Disabling a sensory organ prompts female mice to act like male mice

nic vocalization characteristic of the male mouse. Correspondingly, female traits such as nursing behaviors and maternal aggression were diminished.

The findings provide strong evidence that male sexual behavior is hard wired into the female mouse brain and suggests, more broadly, that male and female courtship behaviors exist in the brains of both sexes and are switched on or off by the chemical cues mice use to initiate sex.

"The female behaves exactly like the male," said Dulac. "In the big picture, it suggests that the female brain has a perfectly functional male behavioral circuit."

"People who observe animal behavior have been struck by the fact that the biggest differences in behavior between animals of a given species are gender based," Dulac explained, but little is known about the underlying differences in the brain that govern the characteristic patterns of gender-based behavior.

Scientists have explored many avenues to explain sexually dimorphic behavior. To try and ferret out its cause, they've looked at everything from the influences of hormones such as testosterone to anatomy, positing that there may be a region of the brain that organizes gender-based behavior.

The sensory-controlled neural switch that governs the circuit is most likely different in male and female mice, Dulac noted, but that may be the extent of gender differences in the brain.

The work of Dulac and her colleagues promises to open a new window to the neural mechanisms that underlie gender-based behavior in animals by bringing the senses and an animal's ability to process what it sees, hears, and smells into the equation.

What occurs in humans and other animals may be quite different, Dulac noted, because the mouse depends largely on pheromones and its sense of smell, while humans and many other animals respond more to visual cues or a combination of sensory cues.

Scientists have been studying the vomeronasal organ for a century and

Contact: Jennifer Michalowski
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Disabling key protein may give physicians time to treat pneumonic plague
2. Disabling a carbohydrate trigger reduces obesity and appetite
3. Disabling gene defuses rheumatoid arthritis in mice
4. A sensory organ, not the brain, differentiates male and female behavior in some mammals
5. Carnegie Mellon University research shows how sensory-deprived brain compensates
6. Chemical signaling helps regulate sensory map formation in the brain
7. Change in neurons responsiveness marks newly formed sensory associations during learning
8. Bad aftertaste? New sensory on/off switch may cure bane of artificial sweetener search
9. Grasshopper love songs give insight into sensory tuning
10. Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ
11. Brains hearing center may reorganize after implant of cochlear device

Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/15/2016)... June 15, 2016 Transparency ... titled "Gesture Recognition Market by Application Market - Global Industry Analysis ... 2024". According to the report, the  global gesture recognition ... 2015 and is estimated to grow at a ... by 2024.  Increasing application of gesture ...
(Date:6/3/2016)... June 3, 2016 ... Nepal hat ein ... hochsicherer geprägter Kennzeichen, einschließlich Personalisierung, Registrierung und ... der Produktion und Implementierung von Identitätsmanagementlösungen. Zahlreiche ... im Januar teilgenommen, aber Decatur wurde als ...
(Date:6/1/2016)... 1, 2016 Favorable Government Initiatives ... and Criminal Identification to Boost Global Biometrics System Market ... TechSci Research report, " Global Biometrics Market By ... and Opportunities, 2011 - 2021", the global biometrics market ... on account of growing security concerns across various end ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... , June 27, 2016   Ginkgo Bioworks , ... industrial engineering, was today awarded as one of ... of the world,s most innovative companies. Ginkgo Bioworks ... for the real world in the nutrition, health ... work directly with customers including Fortune 500 companies ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... While the majority of commercial spectrophotometers ... 5000 and the 6000i models are higher end machines that use the more unconventional ... spectrophotometer’s light beam from the bottom of the cuvette holder. , FireflySci has ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... 2016 , ... UAS LifeSciences, one of the leading manufacturers ... Probiotics, into Target stores nationwide. The company, which has been manufacturing high quality ... list of well-respected retailers. This list includes such fine stores as Whole Foods, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... A person commits a crime, and the detective ... the criminal down. An outbreak of foodborne illness ... (FDA) uses DNA evidence to track down the bacteria that ... It,s not. The FDA has increasingly used a complex, cutting-edge ... illnesses. Put as simply as possible, whole genome sequencing is ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: