HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Disturbing former farmlands can rouse old pesticides, says Dartmouth research

A group of Dartmouth researchers has evidence that disturbing the land where farms once thrived can mobilize both arsenic and lead that were applied as pesticides in the early 1900s. Once disturbed, these metals can then contaminate nearby surface waters.

"We continue to learn more about how past agricultural practices are affecting our current environment," says Carl Renshaw, Associate Professor of Earth Sciences at Dartmouth. "Unlike some of the pesticides used today, metals like arsenic and lead in old pesticides do not degrade over time. So the question becomes, where do they end up? As we learn more about what happens to these metals since they were applied, we can make better decisions about how to use our land."

Renshaw and his colleagues studied two New Hampshire apple orchards where the pesticide lead arsenate was once used, and they compared the data to a nearby uncontaminated field. Their research was published in the January-February issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality.

The researchers confirmed earlier findings that, in the former orchards, most of the arsenic and lead remains in the top ten inches of soil. The new study goes further and shows that these toxic metals do not remain in their original mineral form. Instead, they are now part of the fine silt and organic matter in the soil, which is most susceptible to erosion.

"We learned that disturbing this land, for example tilling and replanting, mobilizes the arsenic and lead," says Renshaw. "The remobilized metals were found in sediments in a stream channel that drains the tilled orchard."

Renshaw explains that it's unclear whether the metals in the sediment are taken up by plants and animals in the stream. The researchers tested the macroinvertebrate residents (midge flies and dragonflies) at the outlet of the contaminated stream, and found that, as of yet, there is no disparity in the levels of arsenic or lead.

"Historic farmlands in New
'"/>

Contact: Sue Knapp
Sue.Knapp@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-3661
Dartmouth College
17-Feb-2006


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Alarming decline in Nepals rhinos and tigers in former Maoist stronghold
2. New study to find cause of former Presidents hand disease
3. Dartmouth professor makes case for ethically universal stem cell lines
4. Plants that produce more vitamin C may result from UCLA-Dartmouth discovery
5. Vitamin extends life in yeast, Dartmouth Medical School researchers find
6. Dartmouth researchers find that arsenic triggers unique mechanism in rare leukemia
7. Dartmouth researchers find that low doses of arsenic have broad impact on hormone activity
8. Dartmouth researchers identify a gene that enhances muscle performance
9. Dartmouth study contributes to research addressing malnutrition and iron deficiency
10. Genetic variation impacts aspirins effectiveness in preventing colon cancer, Dartmouth study finds
11. Dartmouth researchers find a neural signature of bilingualism

Post Your Comments:
(Date:8/11/2015)... Today, ZUK announced its Android smartphone Z1, featuring FPC,s ... in 2015 that relate to sales of FPC1155 for this smartphone ... MSEK for 2015. Jörgen Lantto, CEO of FPC, comments: ... smartphone manufacturer in China and we are ... for Z1 , its ...
(Date:8/6/2015)... Germany , August 6, 2015 ... Instruments (SMI) shows the world,s first Eye ... on Epson,s Moverio BT-200 see-through head mounted display and ... solution, unprecedented quality and efficiency is brought to personalized ... For the first time, professionals and researchers can integrate ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... 2015 The biosensors market is proving highly ... into newer sectors, and development of devices resulting in ... has seen the entry of multiple participants each year ... (Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150805/255570 ) ... the Global Biosensors Market ( http://www.frost.com/nee9 ), finds ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):FPC's Touch Fingerprint Sensor FPC1155 in ZUK's Smartphone Z1 2SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 2SMI Shows First Eye Tracking Upgrade for Augmented Reality Glasses 3Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 2Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 3Innovative Biosensors Incite Use in Non-Traditional Applications 4
(Date:8/26/2015)... , Aug. 26, 2015  Roka Bioscience, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... providing advanced testing solutions for the detection of foodborne ... present at the Sidoti & Company Emerging Growth Conference ... be held at the New York Marriott Marquis. ... be available through the investor relations section of Roka ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... FRANCISCO , Aug. 26, 2015  Platform ... that it has received a $1.5M Phase II ... (NIH) to further develop its therapeutic agent to ... clinical need in end stage renal disease (ESRD) ... the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... HONG KONG , Aug. 26, 2015 ... "Company"), China,s leading provider of ... and stem cell storage services, today announced that the ... Holdings Limited ("MO2"), an entity wholly owned by Mr. ... the Company, has acquired the outstanding shares (the "Shares") ...
(Date:8/26/2015)... ... August 26, 2015 , ... PRC Clinical, ... new business relationships with local sponsors in southern California. The Clinical Trial Management Expert ... development processes and regulatory pathways., , Stem Cell Meeting ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 2Symic Biomedical Awarded $1.5MM NIH Phase II SBIR Grant to Develop its Proteoglycan Mimetic Therapeutics to Reduce Vascular Access Failures in ESRD 3China Cord Blood Corporation Receives Notice of Transactions Regarding its 7% Senior Convertible Notes Due 2017 2China Cord Blood Corporation Receives Notice of Transactions Regarding its 7% Senior Convertible Notes Due 2017 3PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 2PRC Clinical To Attend Major Industry Conferences And Meet Sponsor Companies In The San Diego Biotech Hub 3
Cached News: