HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Does natural selection drive the evolution of cancer?

(PHILADELPHIA) -- The dynamics of evolution are fully in play within the environment of a tumor, just as they are in forests and meadows, oceans and streams. This is the view of researchers in an emerging cross-disciplinary field that brings the thinking of ecologists and evolutionary biologists to bear on cancer biology.

Insights from their work may have profound implications for understanding why current cancer therapies often fail and how radically new therapies might be devised.

A review by researchers at The Wistar Institute of current research in this new field, published online November 16, will appear in the December issue of the journal Nature Reviews Cancer.

"A tumor cell population is constantly evolving through natural selection," says Carlo C. Maley, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Molecular and Cellular Oncogenesis Program at Wistar whose own research focuses on this area. He is senior author on the new review. "The mutations that benefit the survival and reproduction of cells in a tumor are the things that drive it towards malignancy.

"Evolution is also driving therapeutic resistance," Maley adds. "When you apply chemotherapy to a population of tumor cells, you're quite likely to have a resistant mutant somewhere in that population of billions or even trillions of cells. This is the central problem in oncology. The reason we haven't been able to cure cancer is that we're selecting for resistant tumor cells. When we spray a field with pesticide, we select for resistant pests. It's the same idea."

Maley notes that there are three necessary and sufficient conditions for natural selection to occur and that all are met in a population of tumor cells. The first requirement is that there be variation in the population. This variation is evident in tumors, which are a mosaic of many different genetic mutants.

The second condition is that the variation must be heritable. This, too, can be s
'"/>

Contact: Franklin Hoke
hoke@wistar.org
215-898-3716
The Wistar Institute
17-Nov-2006


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Innovative research technique reveals another natural wonder in Yellowstone Park
2. Researchers witness natural selection at work in dramatic comeback of male butterflies
3. Sundried tide -- silent, natural disaster
4. Eavesdropping comes naturally to young song sparrows
5. Academy paleontologist and Alaska artist in line for natural history awards
6. Slow but sure -- Burned forest lands regenerate naturally
7. Life-long learning -- nature provides natural inspiration for education
8. Targeting tumors the natural way
9. New research finds that a natural family planning method is as effective as the contraceptive pill
10. Problem forgetting may be a natural mechanism gone awry
11. Hidden-hero microbes in soil, water may help naturally clean toxic sites

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Does natural selection drive the evolution cancer

(Date:12/19/2014)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/86ncd6/micro_market ) has announced ... Perimeter Security Systems Market" report to their offering. ... American perimeter security market is estimated to grow at a ... market holds a larger share in this market, ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/s6qzt5/samsung_galaxy_s5 ) has announced ... Home Button Synaptics Fingerprint Sensor Technology Analysis" report ... Based on a totally different sensing ... first time a fingerprint sensor in its product. ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014 Valencell, a leader in ... biometric technology to industry leaders such as Intel, Jabra, ... validated, biometric wearable products. These products will be showcased ... Las Vegas . "Our ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3Samsung Galaxy S5 - Home Button Synaptics Fingerprint Sensor Technology Analysis 2Valencell PerformTek Biometrics Power the Most Accurate Wearables at CES 2015 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , a precision medicine ... to enable the broad use of genomic, imaging and other ... appointment of Michelle Munson , CEO of Aspera, an ... Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 "We ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 24, 2014  United Therapeutics Corporation (NASDAQ: UTHR ... MDT ) has submitted a pre-market approval application to ... use of Medtronic,s SynchroMed ® II implantable drug ... with United Therapeutics, Remodulin ® (treprostinil) Injection delivered ...
(Date:12/24/2014)...   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: BLFS ), ... hypothermic storage and cryopreservation freeze media ... tissues  ("BioLife" or the "Company"), today announced that it will ... 2015 (the "Annual Meeting"). Because the expected date ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 23, 2014 Earlier this year in a ... of the Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC ( ASCTC ... unique property of adult tissue stem cells. His title ... Important for the Future,” embodied the essence of his message ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 3United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 4BioLife Solutions Sets Date for Annual Meeting of Stockholders 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 2Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 3Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC’s Director Sherley's Address on What’s Holding Back Regenerative Medicine Featured on Omics Group Website 4
Cached News: