HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Double identities lie behind chromosome disorders

Chromosome disorders in sex cells cause infertility, miscarriage and irregular numbers of chromosomes (aneuploidy) in neonates. A new study from Karolinska Institutet published in the scientific journal Nature Genetics shows how chromosome disorders can arise when sex cells are formed.

Sex cells contain a control station for monitoring the mechanism that ensures that the correct numbers of chromosomes are distributed during cell division. Scientists have now shown that there is an alternative distribution mechanism in female sex cells that cause chromosome disorders. Aberrant chromosomes orientate themselves like normal chromosomes, and this ability to adopt double identities protects them from detection by the control centre.

We believe that this new fundamental mechanism can help to explain why chromosome disorders are so common in female sex cells, says Professor Christer Hg, leader of the study.

The research might eventually lead to new medical treatments able to reduce the risk of foetal damage.

Over 0.3 per cent of children are born with some kind of chromosome disorder. Most develop Downs Syndrome, or obtain the wrong number of sex chromosomes and develop Turners or Klinefelters syndrome. Turners syndrome only occurs in females and is caused when one of the two X chromosomes is missing. Girls with Turners have arrested development and if no treatment is given do not enter puberty. Klinefelters syndrome affects males, who receive an extra X chromosome. Symptoms include concentration difficulties, poor motor skills and infertility.


'"/>

Contact: Sabina Bossi
sabina.bossi@ki.se
46-852-486-066
Karolinska Institutet
8-Jul-2007


Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Double honors for diabetes researchers
2. Double honor recognises world-class science and spin-out success
3. Double trouble for RA patients: PLC-gamma-2 regulates osteoclastogenesis and B cell differentiation
4. Double-trouble: Cells with duplicate genomes can trigger tumors
5. Double trouble: Cells with duplicate genomes can trigger tumors
6. Double triumph in stem cell quest
7. Cells take risks with their identities
8. Medium is the message for stem cells in search of identities
9. Identifying the mechanism behind a genetic susceptibility to type 2 diabetes
10. MIT IDs mechanism behind fear
11. University of Manchester researchers reveal clues to new genes behind rheumatoid arthritis

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Double identities lie behind chromosome disorders

(Date:10/16/2014)... 2014) – Post-menopausal women experienced improvements in vaginal ... or genital bleeding, after 12 weeks of daily ... soy germ-based nutritional supplement previously shown to help ... peer-reviewed pilot study reported in a poster at ... meeting. , "These data documented improved vaginal ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... PORT WASHINGTON, N.Y. , Oct. 15, 2014 ... in technology solutions for home and community-based care, ... the benefits of implementing Sandata,s Santrax® Electronic Visit ... Quality Care Services is a home health company ... Texas . ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... is a non-traditional biophysics textbook and it describes how ... journey of discovery into biological systems and provides an ... It is about how our genes make proteins that ... of cells in an organism. It quantifies the principles ... can be found on both large and small scales. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):S-equol supplements associated with improved measures of reproductive health in postmenopausal women 2Sandata Announces Case Study with Quality Care Services, Inc. 2New book about life as seen from physics 2
(Date:10/18/2014)... The report "1,6-Hexanediol Market by ... to 2019", analyzes the global market on the ... the industry details such as the key drivers, ... regions. , Browse 81 Market Data Tables and ... TOC on “1,6-Hexanediol Market by Application and by ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... The Asian Electronic Medical Record (EMR) market report defines ... forecast of revenue. The electronic medical record market in the ... 2018, at a CAGR of 9.4% from 2013 to 2018. ... Record (EMR) market, to get an idea of the in-depth ... of the market in the same region, and is supported ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... (PRWEB) October 18, 2014 The ... Stress, Holter Monitor), by End-user (Hospitals, Home/Ambulatory, Research ... (Single, 3-6, 12) -Global Forecast to 2020” provides ... challenges, opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting ... estimates and forecasts of the revenue and share ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... 17, 2014 For the seventh ... as published in today’s print issue of Science ... Top Employers Survey polled employees in the biotechnology, ... best employers. Rankings were determined based on ... rate their companies on 23 characteristics, including financial ...
Breaking Biology Technology:1,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 21,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 31,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 41,6-Hexanediol Market Projected to Reach $916.1 Million at a CAGR of 8.3% by 2019 – Report by MarketsandMarkets 5The Asian Electronic Medical Record (EMR) market is estimated to grow to $2,328.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The Asian Electronic Medical Record (EMR) market is estimated to grow to $2,328.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The Asian Electronic Medical Record (EMR) market is estimated to grow to $2,328.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4The Asian Electronic Medical Record (EMR) market is estimated to grow to $2,328.0 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 5The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4The Electrocardiograph (ECG) Market Is Expected to Reach $5,435 Million By 2020 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5DuPont Named Top Employer by Science Magazine 2DuPont Named Top Employer by Science Magazine 3
Cached News: