HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS
Early function of specialized neurons marks 'first light' in retinal maturation

Researchers have discovered that a set of light-responsive retinal cells that form connections to the circadian clock are functional very early in development, from the day of birth. Although the cells are sensitive to light, they do not participate in image formation, a process that matures later on.

The work has been reported in the journal Current Biology by Sumathi Sekaran, of Imperial College London, and colleagues there and at John Hopkins University and the University of Manchester.

The visual system is known to be composed of the classical image-forming pathway, which involves the function of rod and cone photoreceptors, as well as the more recently discovered non-image-forming pathway, which involves specialized neurons called intrinsically photoreceptive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). Although extensive research has characterized the delayed functional maturation of rod and cone photoreception, information pertaining to the development of the ipRGCs has been lacking. It was known, however, that a photopigment present in mature ipRGCs, retinal melanopsin, is expressed long before the classical rod and cone photopigments.

The new research directly studied the functional development of the ipRGCs in mice via a range of approaches, including the examination of melanopsin expression, the physiological recording of ganglion-cell light responses, and the measuring of functional outputs of these cells to higher brain regions. The researchers found that, quite remarkably, the melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells are present in abundance and act as functional photoreceptors from the day of birth, when it has been widely assumed the mouse retina lacks photodetection. At the time of birth, a significant percentage of cells in the retinal ganglion-cell layer express melanopsin and respond to light.

At this early age, these cells provide input conveying light conditions to the suprachiasmatic nucleus, the site of the central circadian p
'"/>

Contact: Heidi Hardman
hhardman@cell.com
1-617-397-2879
Cell Press
16-Jun-2005


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Early fire risk for mountains near Los Angeles
2. Early environmental exposure may accelerate age-related neurodegeneration
3. Early exposure to indoor fungus molecules may protect infants against future allergies
4. Early-stage sperm cells created from human bone marrow
5. Early Europeans unable to stomach milk
6. Early HIV treatment fails to restore memory T cells
7. Early Earth haze may have spurred life, says University of Colorado study
8. Early detection
9. Early family experience can reverse the effects of genes, UCLA psychologists report
10. Early to bed, early to rise
11. Early exposure to synthetic estrogen puts DES Daughters at higher risk for breast cancer

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/29/2019)... ... , ... Lajollacooks4u has expanded its team as it gears up for a ... seen record growth in 2019, having hosted a multitude of team-building events and cooking ... visited the company’s La Jolla-based venue, and Lajollacooks4u has worked hard to accommodate the ...
(Date:8/27/2019)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... August 27, 2019 , ... ... in life science and drug development. This episode is scheduled to broadcast 4Q/2019. ... explore Debiopharm, a biopharmaceutical research, development, investment and manufacturing company. The show will ...
(Date:8/21/2019)... ... August 20, 2019 , ... Cutting Edge ... for the spine, today announced the 510(K) clearance of its novel SI joint ... is proven to improve osseointegration through superior hydrophilicity and optimized surface chemistry, as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/4/2019)... , ... September 03, 2019 ... ... of advanced delivery technologies, development, and manufacturing solutions for drugs, biologics, gene ... Science & Technology will present at the upcoming Nordic Life Science Days ...
(Date:8/27/2019)... ... 27, 2019 , ... Dr. Kim Carlson is a veterinary surgeon practicing in ... Surgical Group , a new surgical practice in San Mateo. She is currently ... more veterinary specialists as the practice grows. , When asked about the opening of ...
(Date:8/15/2019)... (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2019 , ... ... Scientific Advisory Board. Mr. Lawrence is a member of the Institute of Food ... Safety and Health (IFSH) Advisory Board, Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied ...
(Date:8/6/2019)... ... August 06, 2019 , ... The San Diego Biotechnology ... the biweekly SDBN BUZZ podcast focused on connecting the region’s biotech community and ... to promote the region and attract external employers, investors, scientists, and others who ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
Cached News: